Military Trends, Technology, and International Developments > Dragon Economy

China's Civil-Military Integration (CMI)



--- Quote ---China’s pursuit of advanced dual-use technologies
18th December 2018

In its quest to become a global ‘science and tech superpower’ and to build a strong military that can fight and win wars, China has embarked on a major process to achieve civil–military integration (CMI) and develop advanced dual-use technologies. Using various methods both to promote indigenous innovation and to access foreign technology and know-how, China’s goal is to leapfrog the United States and Europe and achieve dominance in these technologies, which will have major civilian and military implications in the future. The EU does not have strong, coordinated strategies to promote the development of indigenous dual-use technologies or to protect Europe’s indigenous innovation. As a result of this patchwork regime, China is either catching up to, or surpassing, European capabilities regarding most of these technologies through a ‘whole-of-government’ regulatory framework and financial investment, as well as by accessing European innovation and technology through a variety of means. For Europe, the incentive to keep up with China’s progress in these technologies, and to protect its own innovation in this field, is one with military, but also commercial and economic, imperatives. At a time when China is increasing its commitment to this process of developing advanced, dual-use technologies, it is high time for Europe to think strategically and take action to leverage its own competitive advantages.
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--- Quote ---US accuses China of ‘explicitly’ diverting foreign dual-use technologies to modernise the PLA
12 March 2020

The US State Department has accused China of using its military-civil fusion (MCF, also referred to as civil-military integration or CMI) strategy to “explicitly” divert foreign dual-use technologies to military end-uses and thus help transform the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) into the world’s most technologically advanced military over the coming decades.
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