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1
United States of America / 11 Jan 2023 - U.S. NOTAM Outage
« on: January 23, 2023, 04:30:18 PM »
FAA NOTAM System Outage Causes Major Shut Down Of U.S. Flights
January 11, 2023
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WASHINGTON—The FAA held all U.S. domestic departures on Jan. 11 from 6:29 a.m. EDT after the Notice to Air Mission (NOTAM) system went down before lifting the nationwide order more than two hours later.

[Video] Chaos all across U.S. after FAA System Outage | Thousands of Flights Canceled


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China / [Book] Overreach: How China Derailed Its Peaceful Rise
« on: January 21, 2023, 07:55:56 PM »
Book Event - Overreach: How China Derailed its Peaceful Rise  @ Center for Strategic & International Studies

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For decades, China’s leadership sought to reassure the international community that its rise would be peaceful – but today, China is increasingly willing to threaten neighbors, utilize coercion, and stoke tensions with the United States and its allies. Now, as Xi Jinping prepares for a third term, he is expected to continuing charting an assertive course for China’s foreign policy that is only likely to stoke further global backlash. What changes in China’s domestic politics led to this shift from caution to combativeness?

https://ucsdnews-new.ucsd.edu/story/overreach-how-china-derailed-its-peaceful-rise

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By definition, “overreach” means taking things too far by doing too much or trying to gain too much – ultimately defeating oneself in the process.

And a new book from Susan Shirk, director of the 21st Century China Center and research professor at the UC San Diego School of Global Policy and Strategy (GPS), explores the concept of overreach in China’s politics and the country’s evolving role on the world’s stage since 2008.

She first visited China in 1971 and has been teaching, researching and engaging with China diplomatically ever since. Beyond the classroom, Shirk was the former Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the East Asia and Pacific Bureau during the administration of President Bill Clinton.

She sat down recently to discuss the concept for “Overreach: How China Derailed Its Peaceful Rise” and the worldwide implications of the country’s actions over the past 15 years.

Overreach: An Interview with Susan Shirk @ UC San Diego School of Global Policy and Strategy

Amazon listing

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[Video] Indo-Pacific Forecast 2023 (Streamed live on Jan 12, 2023)

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What is the outlook for U.S.-China relations?  Which of the U.S. alliance networks in the Indo-Pacific is most promising?  Will IPEF thrive?  Join CSIS experts to explore these and other questions during our annual preview of political, security, and economic developments across the Indo-Pacific region.

Agenda
8:00-8:05 AM - Welcoming Remarks
Victor Cha
Senior Vice President for Asia and Korea Chair
 
8:05-8:45 AM -  Roundtable Discussion: Networking in the Indo-Pacific     
Kurt Campbell
Deputy Assistant to the President and Coordinator for Indo-Pacific Affairs, National Security Council

Taeyong Cho
Ambassador of the Republic of Korea to the United States

Jose Manuel G. Romualdez
Ambassador of the Philippines to the United States
 
Moderated by
Nicholas Szechenyi
Senior Fellow, Japan Chair and Deputy Director for Asia, CSIS
 
8:45-9:30 AM - Panel I: China
Jude Blanchette
Freeman Chair in China Studies, CSIS

Scott Kennedy
Senior Adviser and Trustee Chair in Chinese Business and Economics, CSIS

Bonny Lin
Director, China Power Project and Senior Fellow, Asian Security, CSIS

Lily McElwee
Fellow, Freeman Chair in China Studies and CSIS-Chumir Global Dialogue, CSIS
 
Moderated by
Nicholas Szechenyi
Senior Fellow, Japan Chair and Deputy Director for Asia, CSIS
                       
9:30-10:15 AM - Panel II: Allies and Partners
Charles Edel
Australia Chair and Senior Adviser, CSIS

Christopher Johnstone
Senior Adviser and Japan Chair, CSIS

Ellen Kim
Deputy Director and Senior Fellow, Korea Chair, CSIS

Yuko Nakano
Fellow, Japan Chair, and Associate Director, U.S.-Japan Strategic Leadership Program, CSIS

Greg Poling
Senior Fellow and Director, Southeast Asia Program and Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative, CSIS
 
Moderated by
Victor Cha
Senior Vice President for Asia and Korea Chair, CSIS
 
10:15-11:00 AM - Panel III: Economics and Trade
William A. Reinsch
Senior Adviser and Scholl Chair in International Business, CSIS

Matthew Goodman
Senior Vice President for Economics, CSIS

Erin Murphy
Deputy Director and Senior Fellow, Economics Program, CSIS

Raymond Vickery
Senior Associate (Non-Resident), Wadhwani Chair in U.S.-India Policy Studies, CSIS
 
Moderated by
Emily Benson
Senior Fellow, Scholl Chair in International Business, CSIS
 
11:00 AM - Adjourn

4
The First Battle of the Next War: Wargaming a Chinese Invasion of Taiwan
January 9, 2023
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CSIS developed a wargame for a Chinese amphibious invasion of Taiwan and ran it 24 times. In most scenarios, the United States/Taiwan/Japan defeated a conventional amphibious invasion by China and maintained an autonomous Taiwan. However, this defense came at high cost. The United States and its allies lost dozens of ships, hundreds of aircraft, and tens of thousands of servicemembers. Taiwan saw its economy devastated. Further, the high losses damaged the U.S. global position for many years. China also lost heavily, and failure to occupy Taiwan might destabilize Chinese Communist Party rule. Victory is therefore not enough. The United States needs to strengthen deterrence immediately.

This project was funded by a grant from the Smith Richardson Foundation.

Videos:

The First Battle of the Next War: A US-China Conflict over Taiwan

Report Launch―The First Battle of the Next War: Wargaming a Chinese Invasion of Taiwan

Related Links:

Murray, W.S. (2008). Revisiting Taiwan’s Defense Strategy. Naval War College Review. Volume 61, Number 3.

6
General Discussion / Japanese military pledges helicopters for PH Army
« on: December 20, 2022, 11:45:36 PM »
Japanese military pledges helicopters for PH Army
By Priam Nepomuceno
December 19, 2022


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MANILA – The Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) has committed to transfer a number of Japanese-made UH-1J utility helicopters to beef up the disaster response capabilities of the Army Aviation Regiment of the Philippine Army (PA).

In a statement Monday, Army spokesperson Col. Xerxes Trinidad said the transfer will be made through a government grant.

The donation of UH-1J aircraft is expected to be received in two to three years.


The utility helicopters will significantly boost the capabilities of the Army Aviation Regiment, especially in the field of humanitarian assistance and disaster response, medical evacuation, transport of personnel and supplies and for damage assessment flights in times of national emergencies and calamities.

The Army Aviation Regiment currently has around five to six aircraft in its inventory.

The JGSDF pledge was announced on the sidelines of a bilateral meeting between the two armies during the first-ever Japan-Philippine-US Trilateral Key Leaders’ Engagement at Camp Asaka, Tokyo, Japan last December 11, Trinidad added.

"The Commanding General, Philippine Army (CGPA) Lt. Gen. Romeo S. Brawner Jr., discussed with JGSDF Chief-of-Staff Gen. Yoshida Yoshihide potential areas of military cooperation to include capability development, training and exercises, as well as defense materiel assistance," Trinidad said.

He added that Brawner expressed optimism that the nascent partnership would bring about mutually beneficial outcomes for both the PA and the JGSDF.

“As we all know, the Philippines and Japan are within the Pacific Ring of Fire and we experience so many disasters every year. By collaborating, all of our Armies will be able to cooperate on ensuring that our people are safe as we face the various calamities that come to our land every year," Brawner said.

The JSGDF's UH-IJ combat is manufactured by Fiji Heavy Industries and its specifications include a reduced vibration system, an infrared exhaust suppressor, and a night-vision-goggle-compatible cockpit.

It is powered by a single Kawasaki T53-K-703 turboshaft engine with 1,800 horsepower, two-bladed main and tail rotors. (PNA)

7
Unmanned Vehicles / Japan To Replace Attack, Scout Aircraft With UAS
« on: December 20, 2022, 11:30:30 PM »
Japan To Replace Attack, Scout Aircraft With UAS
December 12, 2022

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Japan will replace all of its army’s attack and scout helicopters with uncrewed aircraft systems (UAS), the Yomiuri newspaper reported, citing multiple unnamed government sources.

8
Royal Thai Navy Corvette Sinks in Gulf of Thailand
By: Dzirhan Mahadzir
December 18, 2022 5:21 PM • Updated: December 18, 2022 11:05 PM


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The Royal Thai Navy (RTN) corvette HTMS Sukhothai (FS-442) sank in the Gulf of Thailand at 11:30 p.m. local time on Sunday following a loss of power and subsequent flooding of the ship, according to the service.

The RTN’s official Twitter account posted photos and videos of the incident the same night, stating that Sukhothai was on patrol 20 miles from the port in Bang Saphan district, Central Thailand when strong waves caused water to enter into the electrical systems of the ship which resulted in a loss of power and control for the ship along with water entering the hull resulting in the ship tilting.

The RTN dispatched the frigates HTMS Bhumibol Adulyadej (FFG-471) and HTMS Kraburi (FFG-457) and landing platform dock HTMS Angthong (LPD-791) to assist Sukhothai though only Kraburi was close enough to reach the scene before the ship sank. Two RTN helicopters were also dispatched to the scene. According to the RTN, strong winds and waves prevented recovery efforts and the ship sank at 11:30 p.m. local time.

Of the 106 sailors of Sukhothai’s crew, 78 were evacuated off the ship to frigate Kraburi, according to the RTN. Twenty-eight of the sailors were still in the water and there were in critical condition, reads a translation of the statement. Earlier statements indicated 110 sailors from the ship had been rescued.

9
PBBM to grace AFP’s 87th founding anniversary
Published December 16, 2022, 12:06 PM
by Martin Sadongdong


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President Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr. is expected to attend the 87th founding anniversary of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) next week.

The anniversary, slated on Dec. 21, will be highlighted by a parade of the troops and its modern assets and equipment including its trucks, missile systems, and aircraft at the AFP General Headquarters in Camp Aguinaldo, Quezon City on Monday, Dec. 19.

The theme for this year’s celebration is “AFP@87: Kaisa ng Buong Sambayanan Tungo sa Mapayapa, Matatag, at Maunlad na Pilipinas.”

“The AFP aims to showcase our transformation and advancement as a military organization through the display of these assets,” Col. Medel Aguilar, acting AFP spokesperson, said.

“There will be a parade on [December] 19 and we have invited the President to be our guest of honor and speaker because he is our Commander in Chief,” he added.

In preparation for the event, rehearsals were undertaken by the AFP which included a series of fly-bys of air assets over Camp Aguinaldo and nearby areas.

“Movements of ground assets are also expected as they will be part of the static display and parade and review inside the camp,” Aguilar noted.

Aside from the parade, the AFP has also prepared humanitarian activities nationwide for their anniversary celebration such as bloodletting programs, tree-planting activities, free museum visits in camps, and open ship visits among others.

The AFP will also be awarding military personnel and civilian stakeholders for their exemplary contributions to the internal security operations of the military.

Army accomplishments

Meanwhile, the Philippine Army (PA) said it made strides this year in accomplishing its mandate as a professional, capable and responsive force provider to the AFP.

Lt. Gen. Romeo Brawner Jr., PA commanding general, said the Army continues its modernization thrust as it moves forward in its long-term transformation roadmap.

He said the Army Transformation Roadmap started its third and final base camp wherein it aims to achieve the organization’s full potential as a world-class land force by 2028.

This new vision is anchored on the PA’s organizational and capability development plans, the AFP modernization initiatives, and the Philippine Development Plan “Ambisyon Natin 2040.”

The PA is also continuously modernizing its defense assets and materiel under the second horizon of the revised AFP modernization program.

“For this year, the organization deployed game-changer assets such as 12 units of 155mm self-propelled howitzers; 15 units of M113A2 armored mortar carriers; two units of Vehicle Mounted Mine Detectors; two units of Armor Vehicle Launch Bridge, unmanned aerial systems, combat radios, and thermal imagers,” Brawner said.

“These new assets will boost the capabilities of ground units as the Army shifts from internal security to territorial defense operations,” he added.

Moreover, the PA also installed 234 very small aperture terminals (VSATs) in remote patrol bases to provide connectivity to troops and outlying communities.

To deal with emerging threats, the PA also activated new units such as the 10th Field Artillery Battalion (SP-155), Cyber Battalion, five installation management battalions, and three infantry battalions.

It also reactivated the 1st Tank Battalion which will serve as the mother unit of existing and upcoming tank assets of the PA.

In its fight against insurgency, terrorism, and lawlessness, the PA said that the troops engaged state enemies in four decisive encounters, 15 major encounters, and 96 minor encounters, resulting in the neutralization of 1,407 communist and local terrorists as well as the seizure of 1,484 enemy firearms from January to December 2022.

A total of 2,011 rebels have also surrendered this year.

“The Philippine Army honors the hard work, sacrifice, and selfless service of soldiers in fulfillment of their oath to serve the people and secure the land,” Brawner said.

10
Filipino Potential / Aice to open ice cream factory in the Philippines
« on: December 12, 2022, 08:00:22 PM »
Indonesia's Aice Will Open Its Largest Ice Cream Plant in the Philippines
Nov 9, 2022

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...

Indonesian ice cream brand Aice is set to open its biggest factory in Southeast Asia in the Philippines. It will span 49,070 square meters, eclipsing the 44,000-square-meter plant it opened in Indonesia in 2020.

The Philippine Aice factory will nest inside the Aboitiz Group’s 700-hectare LIMA Estate in Batangas. Aboitiz InfraCapital or AIC has signed a memorandum of understanding with Aice. According to AIC, the ice cream plant is expected to generate over 2,000 jobs.
Why Aice is opening a factory in the Philippines


According to a Manila Bulletin report, Aice’s LIMA Estate factory will be its fourth factory outside Indonesia and its largest and most advanced within the ASEAN region. The factory will address the increasing demand for the brand in the Philippines.

According to Aice, the Philippine ice cream plant in LIMA Estate will be its most advanced: It will be equipped with the latest technology in ice cream production, focusing on speeding up the production process to be able to cater to the huge demand for ice cream.

11
Filipino Potential / Ever Win Relocates To Philippines from China
« on: December 12, 2022, 07:54:20 PM »
A story I missed and only just found out about:

Ever Win, US Electronics Company Relocates To Philippines from China

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Ever Win International Corporation, California-based manufacturer and supplier of accessories for smartphone devices and laptops has shut down its factories in China and relocated some of its production to Philippines. Ever win has started operations last month after registering with the Philippine Economy Zone Authority (PEZA).

Senen Perlada, director of the Export Marketing Bureau of the Department of Trade and Industry said that the move was due to rising manufacturing costs in China. “The US-China trade war is immaterial to the decisions of these companies to move out of China. It’s more of sustainability and stability issues since China is fast becoming expensive,” said Perlada.

Ever win has further plans to relocate in other ASEAN countries to spread the risks. Furthermore, Perlada said that two other US electronic companies involved in artificial intelligence and integrated chips manufacturing would soon join Ever Win. These companies are also keen on investing and moving their manufacturing operations from China to Philippines.

12
Self-Reliant Defense Posture / Project COBRA (PA-DOST-MIRDC)
« on: December 09, 2022, 09:29:49 PM »
124th Philippine Navy Anniversary and Launching of BUHAWI Project with Sec. Fortunato T. de la Peña (Video)

Notable is the announcement of Project COBRA (Controller-Operated Battle Ready Armament) with the Philippine Army, as well as the first Navy graduates in the locally-conducted course on space engineering.


13
Philippine Navy Receives Submarine Training From France’s DCI Group
Xavier Vavasseur 04 Nov 2022
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The Philippine Navy is aiming at creating a submarine force. They are considering proposal from both France’s Naval Group and South Korea’s DSME. Naval News understands that the submarine training provided by DCI Group is generic and platform agnostic but bring “French operational expertise” because DCI instructors are experts retired from the French Navy.

Quote from: DCI Group statement
Today, DCI provides consulting and training to the Philippine Navy as they build their submarine force. Initial assistance services on the operational deployment of submarines and organizing a submarine force began in 2019 and are ongoing in Brest, France. DCI is the only global player with a proven international record of accomplishment in submarine capability building and benefiting from the “French label”.

...

Since the 2000s, DCI has supported submarine forces in many Asian and Latin American countries with its comprehensive capability-building offer.

DCI has trained more than 1,500 foreign officers and submariners in its naval branch, NAVFCO, in France and abroad. DCI uses modern simulation tools to train submariners across all specialties: submarine operations and conduct, platform health and safety, anti-submarine warfare (ASW), communications, electronic warfare, maintenance and logistics, etc.

DCI experts support partner submarine forces through onshore (training centers) and at sea (on their own submarines) training so their crews can train individually, in teams, and as full crew. This incremental approach allows trainees to acquire skills progressively as they work toward a complete mastery of new platforms in what are extremely complex operational environments and scenarios. In total, DCI has trained seven Scorpène crews in France or in client countries: Chile (2002-2005), Malaysia (2004-2019), India (2016-2018), and Brazil (2018-present).

In addition to operational training, DCI provides consulting services to countries seeking to create a submarine force: organizing a submarine force, assistance with contracting and project management, developing enduring human resources policies and targeted logistics, strengthening of training centers with experienced instructors and modern simulators (like in Malaysia).

14
PBBM attends the acceptance, turn-over, and blessing ceremony of the GBADS and C295 medium...

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President Ferdinand R. Marcos Jr. attends the acceptance, turn-over, and blessing ceremony of the ground-based air defense system (GBADS) and C295 medium lift aircraft in Pampanga | Nov. 8, 2022


15
General Discussion / CANTO anti-torpedo defence system
« on: October 24, 2022, 08:07:47 AM »
Naval Group is performing its first contract in the Philippines to provide anti-torpedo defence system based on CANTO® countermeasures
20 October 2022

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On Monday 17th October, the representatives of the Department of National Defence for the Philippine Navy and Naval Group have conducted the Pre-Delivery Inspection (PDI) of CONTRALTO® reaction module in France. This milestone enables the installation of CONTRALTO® into the C-Guard decoy launching system of the two frigates.

On 1st December 2021, Naval Group was notified of its first contract in the Philippines by the Department of National Defence for the Philippine Navy. Naval Group will provide anti-torpedo defence system based on CANTO®/CONTRALTO® countermeasures solution to equip the two Jose Rizal-class frigates.

CANTO® is the latest countermeasure generation in the defence industry. This breakthrough in the field of anti-torpedo defence applies a unique concept to defend the frigate. It is based on the dilution/confusion concept to defend high value and mission essential units by generating a highlevel acoustic signal over 360-degree, covering the full frequency range of the attacking torpedo.

This anti-torpedo system is fitted with its associated reaction module Contralto®, which computes the most appropriate evasive manoeuvre and deployment sequence once a threat is detected.

CANTO® and CONTRALTO® are worldwide references already in service in the French Navy and in many foreign navies.

Naval Group has announced the opening of its office in Manilla in late 2020. The company’s extensive portfolio opens many opportunities to address the entire range of Philippine naval needs from development of the naval forces to the constitution of a world-class submarine force.

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