Defense of the Republic of the Philippines

Military Trends, Technology, and International Developments => Vietnam => Topic started by: adroth on June 07, 2018, 02:55:49 PM

Title: Vietnam under Chinese pressure over South China Sea
Post by: adroth on June 07, 2018, 02:55:49 PM
Vietnam under Chinese pressure over South China Sea
Ian Storey / Khmer Times

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While China’s military activities in the South China Sea are not aimed at any single country, Vietnam has borne the brunt of Chinese muscle flexing.

Over the past two years, China has beefed up its military presence on the Paracels, a group of islands which it seized from Vietnam in 1974 but over which Hanoi still claims sovereignty. China has undertaken extensive reclamation work in the Paracels, and deployed anti-ship and surface-to-air missiles as well as fighter jets to the disputed archipelago. In April, China’s navy conducted a massive military exercise near Hainan Island, which lies close to northern Vietnam. On 18 May, China released footage of an H-6K long-range strategic bomber landing on Woody Island in the Paracels, a first for the Chinese air force.

China’s military deployments in the Paracels foreshadowed its recent activities in the Spratlys. In May it was reported that China had installed anti-ship cruise missiles and surface-to-air missiles on three of its artificial islands in the Spratlys–Mischief, Fiery and Subi reefs, collectively known as the Big Three because they host long air fields and related military infrastructure Vietnam protested the move as a “serious violation” of its sovereignty and called on China to remove the missiles (the reaction from the Philippines was muted, almost disinterested). Experts agree that it is only a question of time before China starts to rotate fighter jets through the Big Three, bringing further military pressure to bear on Vietnam.

Equally alarming for Hanoi has been China’s attempts to curtail Vietnam’s commercial activities in the South China Sea. In July 2017 and March 2018, pressure from China – allegedly including the threat to use force – forced state-owned energy company PetroVietnam to order Spanish oil firm Repsol to halt drilling activities in two offshore fields that lie within Vietnam’s 200 nautical mile exclusive economic zone (EEZ) but also inside China’s nine-dash line, within which Beijing claims “historic rights” to all natural resources including hydrocarbons. The most recent suspension prompted PetroVietnam to warn that tensions in the South China Sea were undermining its efforts to attract foreign investment in Vietnam’s offshore energy industry which makes a significant contribution to the country’s economic development.

In another worrying development for Vietnam, on May 17 Reuters suggested that Russian energy giant Rosneft was concerned that its drilling operations in an area off the Vietnamese coast – which also falls within Vietnam’s EEZ and China’s U-shaped line – could be negatively affected. If the reports are correct, and China has told Vietnam to order Rosneft to stop drilling, it not only risks exacerbating Sino-Vietnamese tensions but would also be a blow to the burgeoning Sino-Russian strategic partnership.

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Vietnam’s fishing industry is also feeling the pain. On 20 May, China reported that 10 Vietnamese fishing vessels had been expelled from disputed waters near the Paracels during the first ever joint operation between the Chinese navy and coast guard.

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Dr Ian Storey is senior fellow at the ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute. The commentary first appeared in ISEAS Commentary and can be read at