Author Topic: China's fishing fleet/maritime militia/proxy navy  (Read 5128 times)

MCentaur

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China's fishing fleet/maritime militia/proxy navy
« on: September 25, 2016, 12:43:05 AM »
Advice that China's leaders in Beijing probably won't heed:

Diplomat

Rethinking China’s Maritime Militia Policy
The thinking behind China’s maritime militia policy is becoming increasingly obsolete.
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Second, militarizing fishermen could put their lives in danger, while politicizing the marine fishery sector could jeopardize the whole industry. As maritime disputes between China and neighboring countries intensify, Chinese fishermen are already facing growing dangers in the East China Sea and the South China Sea. Perceived as PLA proxies, Chinese fishermen are vulnerable to the actions of other countries. Maritime incidents in the South China Sea between 2002 and 2012 claimed the lives of more than 100 fishermen from Tanmen alone.

Third, under the Chinese market economy, fishermen are ultimately profit seekers. This is particularly so as traditional Chinese fishermen are replaced with peasant workers from the inland provinces who have no much emotional attachment to the seas, and are simply determined to make money as quickly as possible. As fishery stocks rapidly deplete in China’s inshore waters, these fishermen are inclined to cross boundaries to fish in disputed waters or even in other countries EEZs beyond the nine-dash lines. This practice risks hijacking China’s foreign policy and undermining relations with neighboring countries.


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The maritime militia policy thus incurs far more costs than benefits for China and the region. Given the tensions brewing in the South China Sea and the East China Sea, and in light of the intense competition for scarce fishery resources in the region, the concept of a maritime militia policy is obsolete and should be discarded. Instead, China should take the lead in establishing a multilateral fishing management framework to regulate IUU fishing, manage fishing disputes, and prevent incidents from escalating.
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40niner

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Re: China's fishing fleet/maritime militia/proxy navy
« Reply #1 on: October 11, 2016, 12:48:08 PM »
KoreaHerald: Chinese fishing boats sink a Korean coast guard vessel
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2016-10-09 17:35

South Korea on Sunday filed a protest against China after two Chinese boats illegally fishing in Korean waters sank a Korean coast guard boat in their attempt to flee.

According to Incheon Coast Guard, the vessels, assumed to be 100-plus ton steel ships, on Friday deliberately crashed into an Incheon coastguard’s 4.5-ton speed boat, which was patrolling the area for illegal fishing in waters off Incheon in the western side of the peninsula, and fled the scene.

A 50-year-old marine officer fell into the water and was rescued by a nearby patrol boat. No others were injured.

The Foreign Ministry in Seoul filed a formal complaint to Beijing’s consul-general after the Coast Guard condemned the incident earlier Sunday.

“South Korea will keep a close eye on the matter as the root of the problem derives from illegal fishing by the Chinese,” the ministry said. 
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Reuters: South Korea summons China ambassador over fishing boat clash
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Mon Oct 10, 2016 | 11:30pm EDT
South Korea summoned China's ambassador on Tuesday to protest against what it says was a deliberate collision by a Chinese fishing vessel with a South Korean coast guard patrol boat that later capsized and sank.

Disputes over illegal fishing are an irritant in relations between China and U.S. ally South Korea, even as their economic relations grow close. They also share concern about North Korea's nuclear weapons and missile programs.

South Korea's Ministry of Public Safety and Security, which oversees the coast guard, said one of its patrol boats sank last week during an operation to crack down on a group of Chinese vessels fishing illegally off the Korean peninsula's west coast. It said the patrol boat was rammed by one of the Chinese vessels.

No injuries were reported from the incident.

South Korean media reports have said the Chinese vessel fled the scene and was believed to have returned to its home port.

Qiu Guohong, China's ambassador to South Korea, did not comment to reporters as he arrived at the foreign ministry.

China's coast guard is also looking into the incident to identify the fishing boat accused of crashing into the South Korean coast guard vessel after requests by its South Korean counterpart, the Ministry of Public Safety and Security said in a statement on Monday.
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Obsolete weapons do not deter. You do not base a defence policy on someone else's good intentions.
- Apr 7, 1989 [Baroness Margaret Thatcher, UK PM (1979-90)]

Ayoshi

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Re: China's fishing fleet/maritime militia/proxy navy
« Reply #2 on: April 03, 2019, 01:37:03 AM »
China trains 'fishing militia' to sail into disputed waters | Reuters - MAY 1, 2016 / 10:11 AM
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The training and support includes exercises at sea and requests to fishermen to gather information on foreign vessels, provincial government officials, regional diplomats and fishing company executives said in recent interviews.

“The maritime militia is expanding because of the country’s need for it, and because of the desire of the fishermen to engage in national service, protecting our country’s interests,” said an advisor to the Hainan government who did not want to be named.

But the fishing militia also raises the risk of conflict with foreign navies in the strategic waterway through which $5 trillion of trade passes each year, diplomats and naval experts say.

< snipped >

Basic Military Training

The training encompasses search and rescue operations, contending with disasters at sea, and “safeguarding Chinese sovereignty”, said the advisor who focuses on the South China Sea.

The training, which includes exercises at sea, takes place between May and August and the government pays fishermen for participating, he said.

Government subsidies encourage fishermen to use heavier vessels with steel - as opposed to wooden - hulls.

The government has also provided Global Positioning Satellite equipment for at least 50,000 vessels, enabling them to contact the Chinese Coast Guard in maritime emergencies, including encounters with foreign ships, industry executives said.

Several Hainan fishermen and diplomats told Reuters some vessels have small arms.

When “a particular mission in safeguarding sovereignty”, comes up government authorities will coordinate with the fishing militia, the advisor said, asking them to gather information on the activities of foreign vessels at sea.


Ayoshi

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Re: China's fishing fleet/maritime militia/proxy navy
« Reply #3 on: April 03, 2019, 01:41:39 AM »
https://www.maritime-executive.com/editorials/chinas-uniformed-navy-trained-maritime-militia


Tanmen maritime militia report for duty in uniform, likely a training exercise. Source: National Defense (July 2013).
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December 2013: Tanmen deputy Party Secretary Pang Fei holds a meeting with members of the maritime militia company before they go to sea. News reports state that Tanmen’s maritime militiamen undergo an “ideological mobilization” before heading out to fish. Uniforms are mostly a formality worn during training and meetings. They are not typically worn at sea. The personnel shown in this photo are likely the vessel captains concurrently serving as squad or platoon leaders. Note the blue uniform of the closest individual on the right.
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Tanmen Maritime Militia Company personnel wearing blue uniforms in 2014.
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24 December 2015: Tanmen Maritime Militia’s newly-delivered 500-ton fishing vessels stand ready at Tanmen Harbor’s pier.





Ayoshi

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Re: China's fishing fleet/maritime militia/proxy navy
« Reply #4 on: April 03, 2019, 01:42:56 AM »
Photo taken from worldbulletin.net




Ayoshi

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Re: China's fishing fleet/maritime militia/proxy navy
« Reply #5 on: April 03, 2019, 01:47:08 AM »
China’s Fishing Militia Is a Military Force in All But Name | War Is Boring - July 9, 2016

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As the South China Sea heats up, one of Beijing’s most important tools — its Maritime Militia or “Little Blue Men,” roughly equivalent at sea to Putin’s “Little Green Men” on land — offers it major rewards while threatening the United States and other potential opponents with major risks.

When the Permanent Court of Arbitration in the Hague announces its rulings on the Philippines-initiated maritime legal case with China on July 12 — likely rejecting some key bases for excessive Chinese claims in the South China Sea — the Maritime Militia will offer a tempting tool for Beijing to try to teach Manila (and other neighbors) a lesson while frustrating American ability to calm troubled waters.

This major problem with significant strategic implications is crying out for greater attention, and effective response. Accordingly, this article puts China’s Maritime Militia under the spotlight to explain what it is, why it matters and what to do about it.

https://warisboring.com/chinas-fishing-militia-is-a-military-force-in-all-but-name/

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China’s Maritime Militia Upends Rules on Naval Warfare

http://defenseph.net/drp/index.php?topic=4422.msg14406#msg14406



Ayoshi

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Re: China's fishing fleet/maritime militia/proxy navy
« Reply #6 on: April 03, 2019, 01:52:03 AM »
https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/03/29/19/hundreds-of-chinese-vessels-circling-pag-asa-island-military

Chinese fishing vessels at Subi Reef on August 12, 2018. DigitalGlobe Inc. and Vulcan Technologies LLC

https://globalnation.inquirer.net/173963/afp-notes-surge-of-chinese-fishing-vessels-around-pag-asa

Satellite image shows large Chinese flotilla spotted near Pagasa Island on Dec. 20, 2018. CSIS Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative

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See also: Chinese fishing fleet closes in on Pag-asa Island



Ayoshi

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Re: China's fishing fleet/maritime militia/proxy navy
« Reply #7 on: June 20, 2019, 01:44:05 AM »
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Fact Sheet: The People’s Armed Forces Maritime Militia (PAFMM)

China employs the PAFMM in gray zone operations, or “low-intensity maritime rights protection struggles,” at a level designed to frustrate effective response by the other parties involved. China has used it to advance its disputed sovereignty claims in international sea incidents throughout the South and East China Seas. This undermines vital American interests in maintaining the regional status quo, including the rules and norms on which peace and prosperity depend.

PAFMM units have participated in manifold maritime incidents in the South and East China Seas. Publicly-documented examples include China’s 1974 seizure of the Western Paracel Islands from Vietnam; 1978 swarming into the Senkaku Islands’ territorial sea; involvement in the occupation and development of Mischief Reef resulting in a 1995 incident with the Philippines; harassment of various Vietnamese government/survey vessels, including the Bin Minh and Viking; harassment of USNS Impeccable (2009) and Howard O. Lorenzen (2014); participation in the 2012 seizure of Scarborough Reef from the Philippines and 2014 blockade of Second Thomas Shoal; 2014 repulsion of Vietnamese vessels from disputed waters surrounding CNOOC’s HYSY-981 oil rig; large surge of ships near the Senkakus in 2016 and layered “cabbage-style” envelopment of the Philippines-claimed Sandy Cay shoal near Thitu Island, where China has sustained a presence of at least two PAFMM vessels since August 2017.

The elite units engaged in these incidents incorporate marine industry workers (e.g., fishermen) directly into China’s armed forces. While retaining day jobs, they are organized and trained in the PAFMM and often by China’s Navy, and activated on demand. Since 2015, starting in Sansha City in the Paracels, China has been developing more professionalized, militarized, well-paid full-time units including military recruits, crewing 84 purpose-built vessels with mast-mounted water cannons for spraying and reinforced steel hulls for ramming. Lacking fishing responsibilities, personnel train for peacetime and wartime contingencies, including with light arms, and deploy regularly to disputed South China Sea features even during fishing moratoriums.

https://www.maritime-executive.com/editorials/fact-sheet-the-people-s-armed-forces-maritime-militia-pafmm?fbclid=IwAR0WV2M5gW28ZU7oS0hWa7fvMJeDmYtkHBJPs6TFh_Wqy5pQQSipDX0hiXE


Ayoshi

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Re: China's fishing fleet/maritime militia/proxy navy
« Reply #8 on: April 02, 2020, 09:23:07 PM »
https://navaltoday.com/2020/03/31/japanese-destroyer-chinese-fishing-boat-collide-in-east-china-sea/

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Japanese destroyer, Chinese fishing boat collide in East China Sea
March 31, 2020

The incident took place about 650 kilometers west of the Japanese island Yakushima, Joint Staff Japan said in a statement.

The crash opened a 1m x 20 mm hole 5m above the waterline of Shimakaze, Taro Kono, Japan’s defense minister said on Twitter.

However, no injuries or casualties have been reported. Both the destroyer and the fishing boat continued to sail under their own power.


Authorities have launched an investigation into the collision.

The destroyer was reportedly on patrol after departing the Port of Sasebo in Japan on March 29.