Author Topic: RQ-1 / MQ-1B Predator / MQ-9 Reaper UAV  (Read 1903 times)

Ayoshi

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RQ-1 / MQ-1B Predator / MQ-9 Reaper UAV
« on: November 17, 2016, 09:14:47 AM »
From Military.com

MQ-1B Predator
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The MQ-1B Predator is an armed, multi-mission, medium-altitude, long-endurance remotely piloted aircraft that is employed primarily as an intelligence-collection asset and secondarily against dynamic execution targets. Given its significant loiter time, wide-range sensors, multi-mode communications suite, and precision weapons, it provides a unique capability to perform strike, coordination and reconnaissance (SCAR) against high-value, fleeting, and time-sensitive targets.

Predators can also perform the following missions and tasks: intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, close air support, combat search and rescue, precision strike, buddy-lase, convoy/raid overwatch, route clearance, target development, and terminal air guidance. The MQ-1's capabilities make it uniquely qualified to conduct irregular warfare operations in support of combatant commander objectives.

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The Predator system was designed in response to a Department of Defense requirement to provide to the warfighter persistent intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance information combined with a kill capability.

In April 1996, the secretary of defense selected the U.S. Air Force as the operating service for the RQ-1 Predator system. The "R" is the Department of Defense designation for reconnaissance aircraft. The "M" is the DOD designation for multi-role, and "Q" means remotely piloted aircraft system. The "1" refers to the aircraft being the first of the series of remotely piloted aircraft systems.

A change in designation from "RQ-1" to "MQ-1" occurred in 2002 with the addition of the AGM-114 Hellfire missiles, enabling reaction against intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, close air support, and interdiction targets.


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MQ-9 Reaper
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The MQ-9 Reaper is the primary offensive strike unmanned aerial vehicle for the U.S. Air Force. Given its significant loiter time, wide-range sensors, multi-mode communications suite, and precision weapons -- it provides a unique capability to perform strike, coordination, and reconnaissance against high-value, fleeting, and time-sensitive targets.

Reapers can also perform the following missions and tasks: intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, close air support, combat search and rescue, precision strike, buddy-laser, convoy/raid overwatch, route clearance, target development, and terminal air guidance.

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The MQ-9 baseline system carries the Multi-Spectral Targeting System, which has a robust suite of visual sensors for targeting. The MTS-B integrates an infrared sensor, color/monochrome daylight TV camera, image-intensified TV camera, laser designator, and laser illuminator. The full-motion video from each of the imaging sensors can be viewed as separate video streams or fused.

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The U.S. Air Force proposed the MQ-9 Reaper system in response to the Department of Defense directive to support initiatives of overseas contingency operations. It is larger and more powerful than the MQ-1 Predator, and is designed to execute time-sensitive targets with persistence and precision, and destroy or disable those targets. The "M" is the DOD designation for multi-role, and "Q" means remotely piloted aircraft system. The "9" indicates it is the ninth in the series of remotely piloted aircraft systems.


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Ayoshi

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Re: RQ-1 / MQ-1B Predator / MQ-9 Reaper UAV
« Reply #1 on: November 17, 2016, 09:25:10 AM »
State Department OKs Spain Buying MQ-9 Reaper Drones | defense news - October 6, 2015
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The sale, which covers four MQ-9 Block 5 aircraft and associated equipment, parts and logistical support, would be worth an estimated $243 million.

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Spain intends to use the drones purely for ISR, so the vehicles will not be armed.

In addition to the systems themselves, the sale would include 20 Embedded Global Positioning System/Inertial Guidance United (three per aircraft plus eight spares); two Mobile Ground Control Stations; five multi-Spectral Targeting Systems (one per aircraft plus one spare); and five Synthetic Aperture Radar, Lynx AN/APY-8 (also one per aircraft plus a spare).

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Britain given go-ahead to spend $1 BILLION on buying American Predator drones | thesun.co.uk - 17th November 2016
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Britain has requested 26 Predator B unmanned aerial vehicles, which are manufactured by San Diego-based General Atomics Aeronautical Systems Inc, the statement said.

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The State Department said the drones will be used by the “UK’s armed forces and coalition forces engaged in current and future peacekeeping, peace-enforcing, counter-insurgent, and counter-terrorism operations”.

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Re: RQ-1 / MQ-1B Predator / MQ-9 Reaper UAV
« Reply #2 on: January 05, 2017, 10:48:48 AM »
GA lands a $56 mn contract for Spain MQ-9 Reaper Procurement program | air recognition - 05 January 2017
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Spain announced its intention to purchase four MQ-9 Block 5 UAVs in Oct. 2015, for an cost of $243 million.

In Feb. 2016, GA-ASI announced the four Block 5 Reaper UAVs will be equipped with MTS-B Electro-optical/Infrared (EO/IR) sensors and GA-ASI's Block 20A Lynx Multi-mode Radar.

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Re: RQ-1 / MQ-1B Predator / MQ-9 Reaper UAV
« Reply #3 on: January 10, 2017, 10:28:28 AM »
France receives second MQ-9 Reaper drone system, orders fourth one | air recognition - 10 January 2017
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The French Defense Procurement Agency (DGA) ordered on Dec. 5, 2016, a fourth MQ-9 Reaper MALE remotely piloted aircraft system. According to the country’s military planning law for 2014-2019, the French Air Force will have four complete systems by 2019, each comprising three Reaper platforms, DGA announced today in an official statement.

Ordering this fourth system thus allows Paris to meet its target. Delivery of the system will take place in 2019, DGA added. A $17mn contract awarded to General Atomics on Dec. 11, 2016, the third and fourth systems ordered by France will adopt a new enhanced Block 5 configuration.

Two MQ-9 Reapers deployed in Mali by the French Air Force
(Credit: armée de l'Air)

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Re: RQ-1 / MQ-1B Predator / MQ-9 Reaper UAV
« Reply #4 on: February 27, 2017, 05:07:07 PM »
USAF comments transition from MQ-1 Predator to MQ-9 Reaper UAV | Air Recognition - 27 February 2017
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For the past 21 years, the US Air Force has flown the MQ-1 Predator remotely piloted aircraft in combat, and for the last 10, the MQ-9 Reaper. Combined with a skilled aircrew, these aircraft provide consistent support in daily engagements making an impact downrange.

While the MQ-1 has provided many years of service, the time has come for the Air Force to fly the more capable MQ-9 exclusively, and retire the MQ-1 in early 2018 to keep up with the continuously evolving battlespace environment.

The MQ-9 is better equipped than the MQ-1 due to its increased speed, high-definition sensors and the ability to carry more munitions. These combat attributes allow the MQ-9 to complete a wider array of mission sets, which can help the Air Force stay prepared in the fight.

An MQ-1 Predator and an MQ-9 Reaper assigned to the 432nd Aircraft Maintenance Squadron remain ready for their next mission at Creech Air Force Base, Nev. (Credit: USAF/Staff Sgt. Vernon Young Jr.)

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Re: RQ-1 / MQ-1B Predator / MQ-9 Reaper UAV
« Reply #5 on: May 18, 2017, 03:22:25 AM »
GA-ASI lands a $400mn USAF order for 36 MQ-9 Reaper RPAS | air recognition - 17 May 2017
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The US-based aircraft manufacturer General Atomics - Aeronautical Systems Inc (GA-ASI) has been awarded a $399,979,895 US Air Force contract for MQ-9 Reaper remotely piloted aircraft production, the US Department of Defense announced on May 16, 2017.

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Re: RQ-1 / MQ-1B Predator / MQ-9 Reaper UAV
« Reply #6 on: May 26, 2017, 01:38:27 AM »
GA-ASI's MQ-9B Skyguardian RPAS achieves 48-hour-long flight | Air Recognition - 26 May 2017
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General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc. yesterday announced that its new MQ-9B SkyGuardian Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) system, a “Certifiable” (STANAG 4671) version of its Predator B product line, has set a company record with the longest endurance flight of any Predator-series aircraft.

Configured in an Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) “clean wing” mode, the company-owned MQ-9B aircraft took off May 16th from Laguna Airfield at Yuma Proving Grounds, Ariz., with 6,065 pounds of internal fuel. The aircraft flew between 25,000 and 35,000 feet for the duration of the mission and landed 48.2 hours later on May 18th with 280 pounds of reserve fuel. The company’s previous endurance record was held by Predator XP, which flew 46.1 hours in February 2015.


The SkyGuardian version of the “Certifiable” Predator B has been designed to operate under the stringent airworthiness requirements of non-military airspace (Credit: GA-ASI)

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Re: RQ-1 / MQ-1B Predator / MQ-9 Reaper UAV
« Reply #7 on: May 31, 2017, 06:25:30 AM »
Training key to realizing new concepts for Reaper ops | c4isrnet - May 30, 2017
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The Air Force is facing a massive pilot shortage — in both it’s remotely piloted aircraft and conventional manned aircraft — which for RPAs has affected the ability to train and game new concepts.

As the Air Force — and the military writ large — continues the counterterrorism fight against technologically inferior actors in so-called permissive environments, it must balance this with operations in more contested environments with advanced radar, anti-aircraft and fighter jets capable of intercepting potentially vulnerable drones.

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Cunningham explained that the MQ-9 as a multi-role aircraft has a lot of untapped potential that’s playing out in urban close-air support, and some of these other mission sets the force finds are very successful during Red Flag and weapons-school integration sorties. Those mission sets include search and rescue, as well as strike coordination, reconnaissance and searching out targets for other aircraft to strike.

Cunningham described the weapons-school integration as the most complex air exercises in the world today. “That’s where you see, from an MQ-9 perspective, integrating in that environment and using those other platforms in a contested and denied environment to have the best effort. I think weapons school is on the leading edge of that,” he said.

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Re: RQ-1 / MQ-1B Predator / MQ-9 Reaper UAV
« Reply #8 on: June 30, 2017, 08:25:06 PM »
US Air Force's new Block 5 MQ-9 Reaper makes combat debut against ISIS | Air Recognition - 30 June 2017
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The latest version of the US Air Force MQ-9 Reaper, the Block 5 variant, flew its first successful combat mission June 23, 2017, in support of Operation Inherent Resolve. The aircrew flew a sortie of more than 16 hours with a full payload of weapons including GBU-38 Joint Direct Attack Munitions and AGM-114 Hellfire missiles. During the mission, the crew employed one GBU-38 and two Hellfires while providing hours of armed reconnaissance for supported ground forces.


The new Block 5 MQ-9 Reaper is loaded with AGM-114 Hellfire missiles, a GBU-12 Paveway II laser-guided bomb and a GBU-38 Joint Direct Attack Munition April 13, 2017, at Creech Air Force Base, Nev. (Credit: U.S. Air Force/Senior Airman Christian Clausen)

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Re: RQ-1 / MQ-1B Predator / MQ-9 Reaper UAV
« Reply #9 on: August 25, 2017, 03:10:32 AM »
General Atomics sheds light on the future of unmanned tech | Defense news
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The company invited reporters on Aug. 15 and 16 to a media open house at their headquarters in Poway, California, for a series of briefings about emerging technology and GA’s growth path for the MQ-9 Reaper.

A Reaper that can fly in national airspace

General Atomics is racing to make its MQ-9B Sky Guardian the first UAV certified to fly through civil airspace in the United States and Europe without needing special permissions from the Federal Aviation Administration or NATO.

Sky Guardian looks and flies like a baseline MQ-9 Reaper, but is pretty much a completely new aircraft, said a GA official that was not authorized to speak on the record. Almost all GA media day briefings were made available “on background,” meaning that journalists were not permitted to attribute information to specific subject matter experts.


A MQ-9B Sky Guardian lands at General Atomics' facility in Gray Butte, Calif. on Aug. 16, 2017. During the flight from Yuma Proving Ground, Ariz., the Sky Guardian passed through multiple classes of airspace. (General Atomics)

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Re: RQ-1 / MQ-1B Predator / MQ-9 Reaper UAV
« Reply #10 on: September 12, 2017, 03:42:06 AM »
France decides to arm its fleet of MQ-9 Reaper MALE UAVs | Air Recognition
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The French Air Force fleet of MQ-9 Reaper "become indispensable in the operations we are conducting in the Sahel," said Parly, adding that the French military will "gain in efficiency while limiting the risk of collateral damage".

This decision will initialy concern the Reaper fleet being acquired through the US Foreign Military Sales program, but the Minister confirmed its intention to also arm the future European MALE drone actually being developped in cooperation with Germany, Italy and Spain.


Two MQ-9 Reapers deployed in Mali by the French Air Force (Credit: armée de l'Air)

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US Reaper shot down over Sanaa
« Reply #11 on: October 07, 2017, 08:52:15 PM »
US Reaper shot down over Sanaa | IHS Jane's 360 - 05 October 2017
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A US MQ-9 Reaper armed unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) was shot down over western Yemen on 1 October, the US military's Central Command confirmed a day later, saying the incident was under investigation.

The UAV was filmed as it fell burning to the ground in the outskirts of the capital, Sanaa.

Photographs and video from the crash site showed that the wreckage included an M299 missile launcher, the front section of an AGM-114R-2 Hellfire Romeo missile, and a Honeywell turboprop engine, confirming it was a Reaper rather than one of the Chinese-made UAVs flown by the Saudi-led coalition currently fighting Yemeni rebels or an MQ-1 Predator, which uses a Rotax piston engine.


The wreckage of the MQ-9 Reaper is seen burning after it crashed in Sanaa. Source: Mohammed Huwais/AFP/Getty Images