Author Topic: Chinese LHD (Type 075 project)  (Read 4754 times)

MCentaur

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Chinese LHD (Type 075 project)
« on: October 27, 2016, 02:20:11 AM »
Administrator's note: This is a thread index for ships in this class

#1
#2
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Another project to watch:

Navy Recognition

Quote
China to Start Construction on 1st Type 075 LHD Amphibious Assault Ship for PLAN Soon
 
According to our source in China, the steel cutting of the first Type 075 Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) for the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN or Chinese Navy) is expected to take place by the first quarter of 2017.


(...SNIPPED)

And older articles:

Janes

Quote
LHD model hints at potential Chinese requirements
Richard D Fisher Jr, Washington, DC - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly
23 April 2015


A company-produced model of what could be China's first landing helicopter dock amphibious assault ship. Source: Via CJDBY website

An apparent company-produced model of a landing helicopter dock (LHD) amphibious assault ship may offer an indication of the configuration and capabilities of such a ship that is expected to be produced for the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).

An image of the model appeared on Chinese military web pages on 22 April. A subsequent online search found the same image on a model manufacturer's website with the designation Type 081.

<snipped>

However, for nearly a decade Chinese and other sources have projected that the PLAN would acquire an LHD, with up to six platforms in the class. These would complement an expected force of six Type 071 landing platform


The LHS has three sponsons featuring vertical launchers, possibly for SAM systems. (Via CJDBY website)


Navy Recognition

Quote
First Details on Likely Future Type 75 LHD for PLAN Showed Up on China Government Website
 
The first details on a future landing helicopter dock (LHD) amphibious assault ship for the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) may have emerged on a government website in China.
        
The first details on a future landing helicopter dock (LHD) amphibious assault ship for the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) may have emmerged on a government website in China.
        
An article published on an official website of the Shanghai communist party mentions a company, Hudong Heavy Machinery Co., LTD (member of CSSC China State Shipbuilding Corporation, the largest shipbuilding group in China) that has been contracted to built "16PC2-6B" diesel engines for a new project of amphibious assault ship. The French Mistral class and Japanese Izumo class are mentioned as well.

(...SNIPPED)

« Last Edit: April 12, 2020, 10:53:55 AM by adroth »
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adroth

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Re: Chinese LHD (Type 075 project)
« Reply #1 on: January 21, 2019, 01:09:33 PM »
5 PLA Navy Projects to Watch in the Next 5 Years
Five major Chinese naval projects likely to emerge within the next five years.

By Rick Joe
August 07, 2018
     
https://thediplomat.com/2018/08/5-pla-navy-projects-to-watch-in-the-next-5-years/
 
< Edited >

2: 075 LHD

A landing helicopter dock (LHD) type amphibious assault ship has long been predicted for the PLA Navy in the years after the 071 landing platform/dock (LPD) emerged. One export model LHD has been showcased, displacing about 20,000 tons, but the PLA Navy’s future LHD will likely be substantially larger.

The designation of the LHD is 075; however, in earlier years it has been incorrectly named as 081 in a number of publications. The 075 is thought to have a full displacement less than 40,000 tons, perhaps around 36,000-38,000 tons. Such a displacement would be smaller than the America or Wasp classes in service with the U.S. Navy, but would still be the largest non-U.S. LHD or LHA by a significant margin.

Currently it is thought that three 075s have been ordered by the PLA Navy, with initial work on the first two having commenced within the last year or more. The class is to be built at Hudong Zhonghua shipyard, the same facility that built all of the PLA Navy’s 071 LPDs. Considering the timespan in which the rumors about the lead 075’s construction began to emerge, it is likely that photo confirmation of the lead 075 will be attained within the next year or so, likely in a late stage of assembly before the ship is ready to launch.

< Edited >

Ayoshi

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Re: Chinese LHD (Type 075 project)
« Reply #2 on: May 15, 2019, 11:17:19 PM »
Quote
China's New Amphibious Assault Ship: A Big Waste of Time?
March 31, 2017

China is set to complete its first large-deck amphibious assault ship—the Type 075—by 2020. The vessel, which is currently under construction at the Hudong Zhonghua shipyards in Shanghai, is roughly the same size as one of the U.S. Navy’s Wasp-class (LHD-1) amphibious assault ships.

“Construction of the Type 075 ships will take two more years,” a Chinese military source told the South China Morning Post. “The first vessel may be launched as early as 2019 and put into full service in 2020.”

It is not clear how many Type 075 assault ships China intends to build, but the roughly 40,000-ton vessels will afford the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) significant power projection capabilities. The vessels will be able to carry 30 helicopters onboard—six of which would be able to takeoff simultaneously from the flight deck. The massive 820-foot long—with a 98.4-foot beam—vessels will also feature a well-deck for launching ship-to-shore connectors and amphibious vehicles of various types.

One feature the new Chinese vessels lack compared to their American counterparts is that the Type 075 does not have the ability to support fixed-wing air operations. China does not have a short takeoff/vertical landing aircraft similar to the Boeing AV-8B Harrier II or Lockheed Martin F-35B Joint Strike Fighter. However, there were unconfirmed reports in 2011 that China had started to development work on such an aircraft, as I have previously reported in Defense News.

The Type 075-class vessels would complement China’s existing fleet of four Type 071 amphibious transport dock ships, which are similar in concept to the U.S. Navy’s San Antonio-class (LPD-17) vessels. The vessels can haul an entire battalion of PLAN marines, their equipment and ship-to-shore connectors—including air-cushioned landing craft, 20 armored vehicles and four helicopters. Two more Type 071s are currently under construction.

https://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/chinas-new-amphibious-assault-ship-big-waste-time-19961



Ayoshi

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Re: Chinese LHD (Type 075 project)
« Reply #3 on: May 15, 2019, 11:19:38 PM »
https://www.janes.com/article/88529/china-s-eighth-type-071-in-advanced-stage-of-construction

Quote
In a 2 May report to Congress about military and security developments involving China, the US Department of Defense (DoD) said that China will probably continue constructing Type 071s even as the PLAN pursues a follow-on class of amphibious assault ships that are not only larger but also incorporate a full flight deck for helicopters.

That new ship class, known as the Type 075, may be already being built in the same dock at Hudong-Zhonghua. Satellite images reveal that alongside the eighth Type 071 a second and larger ship is also being built. Construction of the Type 075 class has been anticipated for some time and there have been persistent rumours for several months that construction is under way.

The evidence available so far is insufficient to state conclusively that this is the first Type 075 and the particular dry dock has previously been used for naval and commercial ships.


Ayoshi

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Re: Chinese LHD (Type 075 project)
« Reply #4 on: September 11, 2019, 03:26:54 AM »
Quote
China's New Amphibious Assault Ship Is A Monster - August 22, 2019

These flattops are thought to be able to carry around 30 helicopters of different types, many hundreds of infantrymen and their vehicles, and a pair of Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC) craft—the Type 726, which is basically a knockoff of the U.S. Navy's LCAC—or other assorted landing craft to convey its troops to shore. Once again, we are talking about similar capabilities to the U.S. Navy Wasp class.

Although there are certainly no shortage of rumors regarding the possibility, there is no evidence that any sort of short-takeoff and vertical landing (STOVL) fixed-wing jet aircraft is slated for these ships in the near term, although it wouldn't be surprising if the Type 075 was designed with the potential to accommodate such an aircraft in the future. It is widely understood that China is at least researching how to build such an aircraft.

< snipped >

So, what we are seeing here is China investing heavily to build itself an amphibious capability that is second only to the United States. That is a very big deal considering the country's controversial strategic and territorial aims. Beijing's ability to realize an invasion of Taiwan, for instance, would be enhanced significantly by these ships. But the multitude of other disputes over territory, like the one regarding the Senkaku Islands and those over large swathes of the South China Sea, also play into the utility of such a high-end amphibious force.

Even China's increasingly militarized manmade islands could be protected by these vessels and the shock troops and helicopters they hold. They could also be used to rapidly resupply these island outposts during a crisis or when their dock facilities have been destroyed. They also pose a real threat to the primary land holdings of regional competitors, like Japan, or countries that border the South China Sea, in a more traditional conflict.

China has also been increasingly focused on drilling to rapidly seize islands, sometimes alongside their Russian allies. These vessels will dramatically enhance their ability to realize such a military action and are ideal for fielding allied forces that could help in doing so.

Yet beyond the region itself, these ships offer true 'bluewater' capability. They can deploy over vast distances and sustain operations far from home. Considering China's increasing military footprint and influence abroad, including the opening of naval bases thousands of miles from Chinese territory, this isn't all that surprising. Beijing needs a way to protect its holdings and interests far from home should the need arise. Few capabilities are better suited for such a mission than vessels like the Type 075 and Type 071. These ships will also sail with their own heavily armed escorts, as well, protecting them from aerial and subsurface attacks. So, we are talking about the ability to wield serious naval power projection.

https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/29526/chinas-new-amphibious-assault-ship-is-a-monster


Ayoshi

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Re: Chinese LHD (Type 075 project)
« Reply #5 on: September 26, 2019, 09:35:40 AM »
https://www.janes.com/article/91512/chinese-navy-holds-launch-ceremony-for-first-helicopter-carrier

Quote
Chinese navy holds launch ceremony for first helicopter carrier
25 September 2019

Equipment installation, setting to work, and testing are likely to continue for a period of around 12 months before the ship begins sea acceptance trials

The locally designed Type 075 class has a full-length flight deck for helicopter operations and features a floodable well deck from which to disembark hovercraft and armoured amphibious assault vehicles.

Ayoshi

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Re: Chinese LHD (Type 075 project)
« Reply #6 on: September 26, 2019, 09:38:34 AM »
« Last Edit: September 26, 2019, 07:39:25 PM by adroth »

Ayoshi

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Re: Chinese LHD (Type 075 project)
« Reply #7 on: September 26, 2019, 09:41:46 AM »
https://www.navalnews.com/naval-news/2019/09/china-launches-1st-type-075-lhd-for-plan/


Type 075 compared to similar vessels. Image taken from navalnews.com

« Last Edit: September 26, 2019, 07:40:08 PM by adroth »

Ayoshi

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Re: Chinese LHD (Type 075 project)
« Reply #8 on: April 21, 2020, 06:30:53 PM »
China ready to roll out Second Type 075 Landing Helicopter Dock (LPD) | Navy Recognition - 20 April 2020 13:05
Quote
At the China State Shipbuilding Corporation’s Hudong-Zhonghua shipyard on Shanghai’s Huangpu River, a giant is taking shape: the second Type 075 landing helicopter dock (LHD) is nearing completion.

A video shared on Chinese social media on Thursday shows the new ship nearing completion in the dry dock. Based on the launch preparations for the first ship, she appears almost ready for launch, within a week or two. According to the pictures released on Twitter, the hull and flight deck, are already complete.

Ayoshi

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Re: Chinese LHD (Type 075 project)
« Reply #9 on: April 30, 2020, 07:37:05 AM »
http://china-defense.blogspot.com/2020/04/breaking-news-chinas-second-075-landing.html

Tuesday, April 21, 2020

Breaking News: China's second 075 landing helicopter dock launched in Shanghai


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Photos from China Defense Blog