Author Topic: China & Vietnam in stand-off over disputed reef - Vanguard Bank  (Read 5141 times)

Ayoshi

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https://ph.news.yahoo.com/china-vietnam-stand-off-over-072704965.html

Quote
Chinese and Vietnamese coastguard vessels have been involved in a week-long confrontation over a reef in the South China Sea, risking the biggest clash between the two nations in five years.

The stand-off may trigger a wave of anti-China sentiment in Vietnam not seen since 2014, when a Chinese oil rig arrived off the disputed Paracel Islands.

Six heavily armed coastguards vessels – two Chinese and four Vietnamese – have been eyeing each other in patrols around Vanguard Bank in the Spratly group of islands since last week. About a dozen vessels were reported in the vicinity by marine tracking websites on Thursday.

The stand-off emerged despite a pledge in May by Chinese and Vietnamese defence ministers to settle maritime disputes by negotiation.

The survey operations of the Haiyang Dizhi 8 (July 3-11, 2019).


Ayoshi

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Re: China & Vietnam in stand-off over disputed reef - Vanguard Bank
« Reply #1 on: July 14, 2019, 04:46:14 PM »
Quote
China and Vietnam in stand-off over Chinese survey ship mission to disputed reef in South China Sea
Published: 3:29pm, 12 Jul, 2019

On Wednesday last week, Chinese survey ship Haiyang Dizhi 8 (Marine Geology 8) entered waters near the Vietnamese-controlled reef to conduct a seismic survey, Ryan Martinson, an assistant professor at the US Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island, said in a tweet on Friday, citing ship tracking data.
Its escorts included the 12,000-tonne armed coastguard vessel 3901, complete with helicopter, and the 2,200-tonne coastguard ship 37111.

< snipped >

Vanguard Bank is the westernmost reef of the Spratlys and sits within what Hanoi claims is 200 nautical miles of its exclusive economic zone. That claim is contested by Beijing and Taiwan.

The Vanguard Bank basin is known to have rich oil and gas reserves, and Vietnam has dozens of oil rigs operating in the area. In 1994, armed Vietnamese vessels forced Chinese survey ship Shiyan 2 (Experiment 2) from the area after a three-day stand-off.

< snipped >

The latest stand-off came as China bolstered the role of its coastguard, which has been under military control since July last year and has been preparing for confrontations in disputed waters.

https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/3018332/beijing-and-hanoi-stand-over-chinese-survey-ship-mission


adroth

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Re: China & Vietnam in stand-off over disputed reef - Vanguard Bank
« Reply #3 on: July 15, 2019, 01:31:46 AM »
In the current Silk-road-era geopolitical environment, Vietnam already lost the first round when it backed down from oil exploration ventures with its European partners as a result of Chinese pressure. We are now watching round 2 with the Chinese trying to make its own move.

Repsol asks Vietnam for compensation after drilling project halted
Reuters Staff
MAY 4, 2018

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-repsol-results-vietnam/repsol-asks-vietnam-for-compensation-after-drilling-project-halted-idUSKBN1I517E

MADRID (Reuters) - Spanish oil major Repsol is in talks with Vietnam’s state oil company and national authorities over compensation for the suspension of an oil drilling project in the South China Sea, its chief financial officer said on Friday.

Vietnam halted the project in the “Red Emperor” block off its southeastern coast, which is licensed to Repsol, after coming under pressure from China, sources said in March.

< Edited >

Rosneft says South China Sea drilling is within Vietnam waters
Reuters Staff

https://www.reuters.com/article/rosneft-vietnam-southchinasea/rosneft-says-south-china-sea-drilling-is-within-vietnam-waters-idUSL3N1SO39Z

HANOI, May 17 (Reuters) - Drilling in the South China Sea by Rosneft is within Vietnamese territorial waters, the Russian state oil firm said in a statement on Thursday, two days after its Vietnamese subsidiary began drilling in Vietnamese waters claimed by China.

Rosneft’s local unit, Rosneft Vietnam BV, is concerned that its recent drilling in an area of the South China Sea that falls within China’s “nine-dash line” could upset Beijing, two sources with direct knowledge of the situation told Reuters on Wednesday.

“Offshore license areas of Rosneft on the South China Sea are situated within the territorial waters of Vietnam,” Rosneft said in its statement.

< Edited >



======


EXCLUSIVE-Vietnam unit of Russia's Rosneft fears Beijing backlash over South China Sea drilling
By James Pearson
Reuters

https://www.compuserve.com/politics/story/0002/20180517/M1L3N1SN56V_1735131997

* Rosneft announces drilling in Vietnam's Block 06.1 on Tuesday

* Block is in area outlined by China's nine-dash line-consultant

* That line lays claim to much of the South China Sea

* Vietnam previously halted project by Repsol in a nearby block

* Rosneft Vietnam did not want publicity for drilling-sources

HANOI, May 17 (Reuters) - Rosneft Vietnam BV, a unit of Russian state oil firm Rosneft, is concerned that its recent drilling in an area of the South China Sea that is claimed by China could upset Beijing, two sources with direct knowledge of the situation told Reuters on Wednesday.

Rosneft said on Tuesday its Vietnamese unit had started drilling at the LD-3P well, part of the Lan Do "Red Orchid" offshore gas field in Block 06.1, 370 kms (230 miles) southeast of Vietnam.

The block is "within the area outlined by China's nine-dash line," according to energy consultancy and research firm Wood Mackenzie.

< Edited >

In March, Vietnam halted an oil drilling project in the nearby "Red Emperor" block following pressure from China, sources told Reuters.

< Edited >

Fearing repercussions and pressure from China, Rosneft Vietnam had wanted to begin drilling with as little attention as possible, despite the statement by its parent company on Tuesday, the sources said.

< Edited >

The drilling is significant for Vietnam, which has been struggling to maintain its crude oil and gas output amid already declining production from its key fields and the continuing pressure from China in the disputed waters.

In April, Vietnam's state oil firm PetroVietnam said that maritime tensions with China will hurt its offshore exploration and production activities this year.

< Edited >

adroth

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Re: China & Vietnam in stand-off over disputed reef - Vanguard Bank
« Reply #4 on: July 20, 2019, 01:46:15 PM »
Vietnam, China embroiled in South China Sea standoff
James Pearson, Khanh Vu
5 MIN READ

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vietnam-china-southchinasea/vietnam-china-embroiled-in-south-china-sea-standoff-idUSKCN1UC0MX

HANOI (Reuters) - Vietnamese and Chinese ships have been embroiled in a weeks-long standoff near an offshore oil block in disputed waters of the South China Sea, which fall within Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone, two Washington-based think-tanks said on Wednesday.

< Edited >

The Haiyang Dizhi 8, a ship operated by the China Geological Survey, on Monday completed a 12-day survey of waters near the disputed Spratly Islands, according to separate reports by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and the Center for Advanced Defense Studies (C4ADS)

One of the oil blocks it surveyed is licensed by Vietnam to Spanish energy firm Repsol (REP.MC), which was forced last year and in 2017 to cease operations in Vietnamese waters because of pressure from China.

As the Haiyang Dizhi 8 conducted its survey, nine Vietnamese vessels closely followed it. The Chinese ship was escorted by three China Coast Guard vessels, according to data from Winward Maritime, compiled by C4ADS.

In a separate incident days earlier, the China Coast Guard ship Haijing 35111 maneuvered in what CSIS described as a “threatening manner” toward Vietnamese vessels servicing a Japanese-owned oil rig, the Hakuryu-5, leased by Russian state oil firm Rosneft (ROSN.MM) in Vietnam’s Block 06.1, 370 km (230 miles) southeast of Vietnam.

That block is within the area outlined by China’s “nine-dash line”. A series of dashes on Chinese maps, the line is not continuous, making China’s claims often ambiguous.

< Edited >

On Tuesday, Vietnam’s foreign ministry released a statement in response to unspecified “recent developments” in the South China Sea.

< Edited >

adroth

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Re: China & Vietnam in stand-off over disputed reef - Vanguard Bank
« Reply #5 on: July 20, 2019, 02:39:14 PM »
Vietnam demands China withdraw vessel from South China Sea
Reports suggest large-scale standoff between several coastguard ships from each country near the Spratly Islands.
15 hours ago

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vietnam-china-southchinasea/vietnam-china-embroiled-in-south-china-sea-standoff-idUSKCN1UC0MX

Vietnam has called on China to remove an oil exploration ship from disputed waters near the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea.

Reports in recent days have suggested a large-scale standoff between several coastguard ships from each country as a Chinese oil exploration ship entered contested waters near the Spratly Islands.

"Over the last several days, the Chinese survey ship, Haiyang Dizhi 8, and its escorts conducted activities in the southern area of the East Sea that violated Vietnam's exclusive economic zone and continental shelf," Vietnamese foreign affairs ministry spokesperson Le Thi Thu Hang said in a statement on Friday, using the Vietnamese term for the South China Sea.

< Edited >

Hong Kong's South China Morning Post newspaper reported on July 12 that six "heavily armed" coastguard vessels, two from China and four from Vietnam, had been eyeing each other since the beginning of the month.

Publicly available shipping data confirms the presence of the Chinese oil exploration ship in the disputed waters, near where the Russian oil company Rosneft began drilling on May 12 in a joint venture with Vietnam.

< Edited >

adroth

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Re: China & Vietnam in stand-off over disputed reef - Vanguard Bank
« Reply #6 on: July 20, 2019, 02:41:13 PM »
China-Vietnam standoff in South China Sea offers lessons for PH
By: Frances Mangosing - Reporter / @FMangosingINQ INQUIRER.net / 07:31 AM July 20, 2019

MANILA, Philippines —  The Philippines may have valuable lessons to learn from the ongoing standoff between Chinese and Vietnamese vessels in the South China Sea.

The standoff has been going on for weeks near an oil block within Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ), according to an analysis released by the Washington-based think tank Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative (AMTI) early this week.

Vietnam on Friday accused China of “unlawful activities” by deploying a survey ship escorted by government and merchant marine vessels the past several days around Vanguard Bank to conduct a mapping mission within their EEZ and continental shelf.

Chinese coast guard also challenged Vietnam’s ongoing oil and gas operations there in a separate incident.

The AMTI said it also monitored a similar situation between Chinese and Malaysian vessels near an oil and gas block in Luconia Shoals in May. A Chinese coast guard vessel tried to prevent ongoing drilling operations in the area, which lies on Malaysia’s continental shelf.

< Edited >
 
Poling warned that Philippines may also face a similar situation with Malaysia and Vietnam in the future should it decide to unilaterally explore Recto Bank (Reed Bank), one of the areas within the country’s EEZ being considered by the government for a joint exploration with China.

< Edited >

adroth

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Re: China & Vietnam in stand-off over disputed reef - Vanguard Bank
« Reply #7 on: July 20, 2019, 02:46:54 PM »
China blocking Malaysian and Vietnamese oil and gas vessels shows greater willingness to intimidate, says think tank
Actions at Vanguard Bank in disputed Spratly Islands ‘raises collision risk’
Think tank cites data showing China has harassed those countries’ ships for at least six weeks
Teddy Ng

Published: 2:03pm, 17 Jul, 2019

https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/3018951/china-blocking-malaysian-and-vietnamese-oil-and-gas-vessels

The risk of collisions between Chinese vessels and those from Malaysia and Vietnam in the South China Sea has been heightened in recent weeks as China has tried to obstruct the two countries’ oil and gas exploration, a Washington-based think tank said on Wednesday.

The analysis comes with a stand-off simmering between Chinese and Vietnamese vessels at Vanguard Bank, a reef in the disputed Spratly Islands, risking an escalation of tensions and anti-China protests as it did five years ago.

Beijing has shown it is increasingly willing to use threat of force and threats to block its neighbours’ oil and gas ambitions, said the Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative, which works under the Centre for Strategic and International Studies.
The latest tensions have lasted two weeks, since Chinese survey vessel Haiyang Dizhi 8 sailed across two oil and gas blocks within 200 nautical miles of Vietnam on July 3.

The survey ship was well protected by at least four coastguard vessels, including one of the world’s largest in the 12,000-tonne Haijing 3901, the think tank said, citing ship tracking data. Vietnam has sent coastguard vessels to shadow the Chinese surveying ship.

China, Vietnam and Malaysia have all played down the incident, but the initiative said China had been harassing the two nations’ oil and gas exploration ships for at least six weeks, again citing ship tracking data.

It said Chinese coastguard vessel Haijing 35111 had patrolled around Luconia Breakers, a reef cluster at the southern end of the Spratlys, between May 10 and 27, including an oil and gas block licensed to petroleum company Sarawak Shell.
Duterte invokes US defence pact over South China Sea row

When Malaysia sent two oil and gas supply vessels to the area, the Chinese coastguard vessel circled them provocatively, “coming to within 80 metres”, the initiative said.

< Edited >

The same Chinese coastguard vessel returned to a port in the southern province of Hainan at the end of May, but has since begun patrolling an area about 190 nautical miles off the coast of southeastern Vietnam, centring on an oil and gas block known as 06-01, northwest of Vanguard Bank.

The coastguard vessel conducted high-speed manoeuvres near two Vietnamese offshore supply vessels on July 2, passing within 100 metres of them and less than half a nautical mile from the oil rig, the think tank said.

That block provides 10 per cent of Vietnam’s total energy needs and has been operated by Russia’s Rosneft since 2013.
China has responded angrily when Vietnam has performed South China Sea gas exploration with other nations. It forced Vietnam to halt oil and gas drilling in July 2017 and March 2018 that was being carried out by Spain’s Repsol. But Rosneft has appeared undeterred, and in May contracted a submersible rig owned by Japan Drilling to drill another well in the gas block.

The initiative said the July 3 manoeuvre by Haiyang Dizhi could be a coincidence, but “it seems more likely meant to punish Vietnam for allowing Rosneft’s drilling in block 06-01”.

< Edited >

adroth

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Re: China & Vietnam in stand-off over disputed reef - Vanguard Bank
« Reply #8 on: July 22, 2019, 08:48:47 AM »
Vietnam demands China end violations at sea
Viet Nam News/Asia News Network / 08:09 PM July 21, 2019

HANOI — Vietnam has demanded China immediately end violations and withdraw all vessels from its waters and respect its sovereignty and jurisdiction to preserve bilateral relations and ensure peace and stability in the region, Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lê Thị Thu Hằng said last Friday.

She made the statement in response to reporters’ queries about Vietnam’s stance on the statement by a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson on July 17 about the developments in the East Sea (South China Sea).

< Edited >

Read more: https://globalnation.inquirer.net/178150/vietnam-demands-china-end-violations-at-sea#ixzz5uMaBEhxk
Follow us: @inquirerdotnet on Twitter | inquirerdotnet on Facebook

Ayoshi

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Re: China & Vietnam in stand-off over disputed reef - Vanguard Bank
« Reply #9 on: July 23, 2019, 02:57:46 PM »
Quote
US expresses concern over China-Vietnam standoff and Chinese oil, gas activities in South China Sea

WASHINGTON - The United States has weighed in on an ongoing standoff between Vietnam and China over Chinese operations in the South China Sea, urging Beijing to cease interfering with oil and gas activities in the disputed waters.

The statement from the State Department on Saturday (July 20) came after a statement from Hanoi on Friday accused a Chinese oil exploration ship and other vessels of operating in waters in Vietnam's exclusive economic zone, and demanded their removal.

China has not responded so far.

The standoff involved nine Vietnamese vessels and three Chinese coast guard vessels which were escorting the Chinese oil exploration ship, said two Washington-based think-tanks two days earlier on Wednesday.

< snipped >

The US has repeatedly spoken out against what it sees as China's increasingly muscular assertion of its claims to the South China Sea.

Beijing claims nearly all the waters, including territorial waters of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam, despite a 2016 ruling from an independent arbitration tribunal that its claims were legally baseless.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in March this year that China, by blocking development in the South China Sea through coercive measures, was preventing Asean members from accessing more than US$2.5 trillion (S$3.4 trillion) in recoverable energy reserves.

https://www.straitstimes.com/world/united-states/us-expresses-concern-over-china-vietnam-standoff-and-chinese-oil-gas-activities


adroth

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Re: China & Vietnam in stand-off over disputed reef - Vanguard Bank
« Reply #10 on: July 26, 2019, 07:39:13 AM »
Vietnam demands 'immediate withdrawal' of China ship in disputed sea
Published July 26, 2019 1:12am

https://www.gmanetwork.com/news/news/world/702424/vietnam-demands-immediate-withdrawal-of-china-ship-in-disputed-sea/story/

HANOI - Vietnam on Thursday called for the "immediate withdrawal" of a Chinese ship in the South China Sea, as the standoff over the disputed waters intensified.

Beijing last week issued a new call for Hanoi to respect its claims to the resource-rich region -- which have historically been contested by Vietnam as well as Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei.

Hanoi responded by saying it had sent several messages to Beijing insisting that a Chinese survey ship vacate its waters, and doubled down Thursday with new demands for the vessel's removal.

< Edited >


adroth

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Re: China & Vietnam in stand-off over disputed reef - Vanguard Bank
« Reply #11 on: July 27, 2019, 03:05:09 PM »
South China Sea: Tensions erupt as Vietnam extend oil rig on Vanguard Bank
VIETNAM have reportedly extended their work schedule at an oil rig on Vanguard Bank in the South China Sea amid rising tensions with Beijing.
By CLAIRE ANDERSON
PUBLISHED: 00:49, Sat, Jul 27, 2019 | UPDATED: 01:03, Sat, Jul 27, 2019

https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1158451/south-china-sea-news-world-war-3-latest-vietnam-beijing-xi-jinping-hanoi-vanguard-bank

China has confronted Vietnam’s drilling within the disputed waters and attempted to cease the activity, the South China Morning Post (SCMP) reported. But Vietnam’s foreign ministry have insisted they will protect its sovereign rights between the stand-off with Beijing which claims the entire sea under its sovereignty. The Southern Vietnam Maritime Safety Assurance Corporation confirmed the Hakuryu-5 rig’s extension from July 30 to September 15.

< Edited >

China has sent vessels to the area to block Vietnam’s work, according to analysts.

Maritime expert, Collin Koh, believes Chinese ships will delay Hakuryu-5’s extended operations.

Mr Koh told SCMP: “But the most important signal Vietnam wants to send is definitely that it’s not going to back down.

“Ever since the Repsol episode, Hanoi has resolved not to back down any more lest Beijing continues to hamper legitimate Vietnamese energy work in its own exclusive economic zone.

< Edited >
 
“And the other factor, I believe, is in the mind of Vietnamese policy elites and it is that doing so not only shows resolve to the domestic audience, now that this stand-off has been publicly reported after a media ban was lifted, but it also helps to draw international attention and help.”

< Edited >

adroth

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Re: China & Vietnam in stand-off over disputed reef - Vanguard Bank
« Reply #12 on: July 29, 2019, 03:49:47 PM »
South China Sea: Vietnam extends operation of oil rig on Vanguard Bank as stand-off with Beijing continues
South China Morning Post   
Teddy Ng
South China Morning Post25 July 2019

https://sg.news.yahoo.com/south-china-sea-vietnam-extends-052514325.html

Vietnam said it has extended the work schedule of an oil rig on Vanguard Bank, showing no sign of backing down from a confrontation with Beijing over drilling operations in the South China Sea.

The Vietnamese foreign ministry said it would protect its sovereign rights as the stand-off between Hanoi and Beijing entered its fourth week.

A notice issued on Thursday by the Southern Vietnam Maritime Safety Assurance Corporation said the Hakuryu-5 rig’s operations – a joint venture with Russia – would be extended from July 30 until September 15, Vietnamese newspaper Tuoi Tre reported.

< Edited >

Ayoshi

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Re: China & Vietnam in stand-off over disputed reef - Vanguard Bank
« Reply #13 on: August 02, 2019, 11:42:47 PM »
Quote
Vietnam’s Strange Ally in Its Fight With China
AUGUST 1, 2019, 12:48 PM

As heavily armed Vietnamese and Chinese coast guard ships stare each other down in the South China Sea near the submerged Vanguard Bank, Hanoi appears to have found its spine despite threats from its gigantic neighbor. Unlike in the past two years, when Vietnam quietly scrapped a pair of drilling ventures with the Spanish energy firm Repsol under Chinese pressure, Vietnam is currently demanding that China withdraw its survey ship, Haiyang Dizhi 8, and its escorts from the vicinity of the oil and gas blocks. This time, Vietnam has teamed up with an old friend and key shareholder in the drilling: the Russian government.

The facts on the ground have barely changed since the most recent standoffs in 2017 and 2018. All of them occurred within China’s “nine-dash line,” the imprecise self-defined boundary in which Beijing lays claim to almost all of the South China Sea. But the contested fields, all within the 35,000-square-mile, energy-rich Nam Con Son Basin, are also largely within 200 nautical miles of Vietnam’s coastline, the international rule of thumb for determining exclusive economic zones. China is distant—more than 600 miles away—leaving Beijing no real options under the global status quo to claim the Vanguard Bank.

< snipped >

But last time, the Madrid-based Repsol risked being cut off from its hundreds of millions of dollars in investments and potential revenue. This time, a much tougher partner is involved: Rosneft, whose primary shareholder is the Russian government. Gazprom also operates nearby, as does Zarubezhneft, a wholly Russian state-owned firm founded in 1967 whose local Vietsovpetro joint venture with PetroVietnam is all that is left of the Soviet Union’s once mighty overseas fossil fuel ventures. Where Repsol, a private firm from a minor world power, held little geopolitical clout, Russia can be expected to play old-fashioned great-power politics to defend cash flows to the state.

The Kremlin’s policy on the South China Sea dispute has never been straightforward. Officially neutral, Moscow usually provides tacit diplomatic cover to Beijing by publicly insisting that nonclaimant countries ought to stay away from the dispute. Attempts to portray the conflict as a problem of global significance, it argues, are cynical misrepresentations to justify American power grabs.

< snipped >

For Vietnam’s part, linking its petroleum industry to great-power politics may be its best chance of hanging on to some of its drilling fields within the nine-dash line. It has brought the United States on board as well, with an ExxonMobil drilling project in the Blue Whale field, sandwiched precariously off the coast of Da Nang, between China’s proclaimed continental shelf boundary and one of the nine dashes. The downside is that the strategy’s success is no longer so dependent on Hanoi’s decision-making as greater winds blow. But Vietnam’s unilateral negotiating power, dwarfed as the country is by its enormous and increasingly powerful neighbor, has proved paper-thin in the past two years. Relying on Moscow, or Washington, as an advocate may not be ideal, but options are running out.

https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/08/01/vietnams-strange-ally-in-its-fight-with-china/


adroth

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Re: China & Vietnam in stand-off over disputed reef - Vanguard Bank
« Reply #14 on: August 10, 2019, 12:04:38 AM »
Chinese ship heads away from Vietnam in South China Sea standoff
Published August 8, 2019 12:24am
By JAMES PEARSON, Reuters

https://www.gmanetwork.com/news/news/world/703829/chinese-ship-heads-away-from-vietnam-in-south-china-sea-standoff/story/

HANOI, Vietnam - A Chinese survey ship which has been embroiled in a tense month-long standoff with Vietnamese vessels has headed away from Vietnam's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), a Washington-based think tank said on Wednesday.

Since early July, Vietnamese ships have closely tracked Chinese vessels operating within the Southeast Asian country's EEZ, in the latest confrontation in waters that are a potential global flashpoint as the United States challenges China's sweeping maritime claims.

"Ship tracking data show that China's survey ship has exited the Vietnamese EEZ for now, but at least two of its coast guard escorts remain in the area of the survey," Devin Thorne, senior analyst at the Center for Advanced Defense Studies (C4ADS) told Reuters, citing data from maritime analytics company Windward.

< Edited >