Author Topic: Bell AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter  (Read 1572 times)

Ayoshi

  • Timawan
  • Boffin
  • *
  • Posts: 3003
    • View Profile
Bell AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter
« on: August 18, 2017, 12:08:06 AM »
From: Military Today
Quote
In 1965 Bell flew the prototype of the world's first dedicated attack helicopter. This machine was specially designed as an escort for troop carrying helicopters to meet a US Army requirement. The whole development was completed in very short terms. Eventually this machine was a turning point in the development of helicopter technology and its application. This armored gunship was a step forward from the previous transport helicopters, that carried only defensive weapons. It opened a new era in warfare.

   Based on the Bell Model 204 (UH-1D) utility helicopter, the Model 209 introduced a new slim fuselage with a fighter-type cockpit. The pilot sits high in the rear with a co-pilot/gunner lower in the front directing the fire of a wide range of weapons mounted on lateral stub wings or under the nose. The US Army liked this machine and the first order was placed in 1966. The new helicopter was designated as the AH-1G. Production commenced during the same year. The Cobra first saw service in 1968. Over 1 000 AH-1Gs were delivered in the first four years. This helicopter is often called the Huey Cobra. It saw extensive service in Vietnam. Furthermore it was one of the most valuable US weapons during that war.

   Even though the AH-1 is based on the UH-1 Iroquis, little in the appearance of the Cobra shows off its roots. Engine and transmission were borrowed from UH-1. The original version of the Cobra was powered by a single Lycoming T-53-L-11 turboshaft engine, developing 1 100 shp. This helicopter has a narrow fuselage and was specially designed to be as small target as possible to enemy ground fire. Due to the streamline shape and lighter weight, the original version had a top speed of nearly double that of the transport helicopters that it escorted. Also this gunship was extremely maneuverable. This helicopter had simple but tough landing skids, rather than complex retractable undercarriage.

   Under the nose there was a turret, that could mount miniguns, cannons, or grenade launchers. The turret could pivot to both sides of the helicopter, as well as up and down. The turret was controlled by the gunner, seated at the front. Also the pilot in the rear could fire the turret, if it was locked in the forward position. Early Vietnam models were armed with single or twin 40-mm automatic grenade launchers, or twin 7.62-mm miniguns. On second-generation models it was replaced by a harder-hitting 3-barrel rotary cannon.


The initial production variant of the AH-1 entered service in 1968, but its variants still emerge

AH 1 Cobra Attack Helicopter

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=omMucW055vc
« Last Edit: August 18, 2017, 12:33:39 AM by Ayoshi »

Ayoshi

  • Timawan
  • Boffin
  • *
  • Posts: 3003
    • View Profile
Bell AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter
« Reply #1 on: August 18, 2017, 12:11:27 AM »
Jordan Received 16 AH-1F Cobra Gunship helicopters from Israeli Surplus | defense-update - Jul 23, 2015
Quote
Israel has delivered 16 Cobra helicopter gunships to Jordan to help the Hashemite kingdom deal with the threat of Islamic State (ISIS) which currently control large areas along its borders with Syria and Iraq. The transfer provided at no cost was kept in secret since last year but was recently leaked by an unnamed U.S. official and published by Reuters. Jordanian and Israeli officials declined comment, as did the Pentagon.

The handover of helicopters was approved by Washington, after blocking an earlier Israeli plan to sell the surplus helicopters to Nigeria, which is also battling Islamic insurgents in Central Africa. The Israeli helicopters were refurbished by the US Army before their transfer to Jordan.

Israel Ministry of Defense placed those helicopters on its surplus list since 2013, after the Israeli Air Force retired the AH-1F in favor of unmanned aircraft. Jordan is currently operating 32 Bell AH-1F Cobra gunships. Jordan is frequently modernizing its armed forces with surplus aircraft – many of the F-16s operated by the RJAF were acquired from European air forces, including the Netherlands and Portugal. As part of these transactions some of the aircraft are maintained in flying conditions and others are used for spares.

=====

Pakistan orders nine more Bell AH-1Z gunships | flightglobal - 05 April, 2016
Quote
Islamabad ordered its first batch of armed, twin-engine “Zulu Cobras” under that deal in August, as part of a larger US Marine Corps order for 19 AH-1Zs. It furnished an undisclosed number of AH-1Zs powered by GE Aviation T700-401C powerplants for $58 million, likely three.

Bell’s latest $170 million contract modification via US Naval Air Systems Command, announced on 4 April, buys nine more aircraft for Pakistan. That raises Pakistan’s AH-1Z programme value to $228 million.

All aircraft, including those ordered in August, will be delivered by August 2018, those respective contract announcements state.

Ayoshi

  • Timawan
  • Boffin
  • *
  • Posts: 3003
    • View Profile
Re: Bell AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter
« Reply #2 on: August 18, 2017, 12:14:10 AM »
Romania signs preliminary deal to acquire Bell combat helos | Defense news
Quote
WARSAW, Poland – Romanian Defense Minister Adrian Tutuianu has signed a letter of intent with Bell Helicopter to purchase new combat helos for the country’s armed forces.

The signing of the agreement will be followed by “a thorough discussion between representatives of the Ministry of Economy and Bell Helicopter on the establishment of a joint venture, and a transfer of technology and know-how to allow the production of helicopters in Romania,” the Romanian government said in a statement.

The deal comes soon after Romania’s top defense body approved a €9.8 billion (U.S. $11.5 billion) spending plan for the next decade and has pledged to spend 2 percent of its gross domestic product on defense, as NATO requests of its members.

Under the plan, the U.S. manufacturer is to establish a joint venture with a subsidiary of the country’s state-owned defense group Romarm to produce copters in Romania. The designed plant is expected to produce AH-1Z Viper twin-engine attack helos. The value of the planned contract was not disclosed.


The Bell AH-1Z, developed for the United States Marine Corps, built with virtually identical front and rear glass cockpits, fully integrated weapons, avionics and communications systems. (Bell Helicopter)

=====

Kenya takes delivery of AH-1 Cobras | IHS Jane's 360 - 30 June 2017
Quote
The Kenya Air Force (KAF) has received Bell AH-1F Cobra attack helicopters that were donated by Jordan, a source close to the KAF has told Jane's . The source declined to state how many aircraft are being transferred to Kenya.

Kenya's acquisition of at least one Cobra was revealed in May, when still images were released on social media showing a partially disassembled helicopter with KAF markings and livery. Video footage was released in June showing the same or similar helicopter flying at a location that could be identified as Laikipia Air Base in central Kenya.

The KAF declined to comment when asked by Jane's about the provenance and number of Cobras it is acquiring.

Bell Helicopters also declined to comment other than to acknowledge that it would provide support for Kenya's new aircraft when required.

Some of Jordan's AH-1 Cobras are being donated to Kenya. (IHS Markit/Patrick Allen)

mamiyapis

  • Global Moderator
  • Full Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 171
    • View Profile
King of Jordan donates 4 AH-1 Cobras to the AFP
« Reply #3 on: August 23, 2017, 12:15:04 AM »
Sources have revealed that the King of Jordan has reportedly offered a 4-ship donation of AH-1 Cobra gunships to the AFP. It remains to be seen which type we will be receiving from the Jordanian AF, but it could be the ex-US Army F models they received in the 90s.

We would be the 3rd owner, but given Jordan adequately funds their armed forces and has ties with Israel that even facilitated donation of 15 or more AH-1S Tsefa helicopters, we would be in a good place with the donation.

Ayoshi

  • Timawan
  • Boffin
  • *
  • Posts: 3003
    • View Profile
Re: Bell AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter
« Reply #4 on: January 19, 2018, 02:10:12 AM »
USMC SuperCobras to be sold off to international customers | Janes - 18 January 2018
Quote
The US government is to offer surplus Bell AH-1W SuperCobra attack helicopters to international customers.

Former US Marine Corps (USMC) AH-1W helicopters are to be offered to either Foreign Military Sales (FMS) or Direct Commercial Sale (DCS) customers as the attack helicopters are progressively retired from service in favour of the latest-variant AH-1Z Viper.

As noted on the Federal Business Opportunities (FedBizOpps) website that listed the planned sell-off, the helicopters will first be equipped with a new ‘glass’ cockpit and pilot/maintainer training will be provided to prospective customers. The Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) in support of the H-1 Light Attack Helicopter Program Office (PMA-276) will hold an industry day on 24 January for parties interested in this upgrade work.

Having entered service with the USMC in 1986, the AH-1W is a highly capable variant of the Vietnam War-era AH-1 Cobra that is still in global service with countries such as Bahrain, Iran, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Pakistan, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, and Turkey. The surplus SuperCobras could either boost some of these existing fleets, or provide a new dedicated rotary-attack capability to a new customer.

Ayoshi

  • Timawan
  • Boffin
  • *
  • Posts: 3003
    • View Profile
Re: Bell AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter
« Reply #5 on: April 30, 2018, 03:48:41 PM »
Bahrain cleared to procure AH-1Z attack helos | Janes - 29 April 2018
Quote
The United States has approved the potential sale to Bahrain of 12 Bell AH-1Z Viper attack helicopters.

The State Department approval, which was announced by the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) on 27 April, covers the helicopters and their associated sustainment and support equipment, as well as weapons and other ancillary items.

Specific weapons listed comprise Lockheed Martin AGM-114 Hellfire air-to-surface missiles and the BAE Systems Advance Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS) II guided rockets, in addition to the integrated M197 20 mm cannon already fitted. In common with the AH-1Zs fielded by the US Marine Corps (USMC), the Bahraini aircraft would be supplied with the Thales TopOwl helmet-mounted display system.

The total value is estimated to be USD911.4 million, with any sale having to first be approved by Congress.


The AH-1Z is one of at least two attack helicopter types that Bahrain is considering under Phase 2 of its rotary-wing modernisation plans. Source: US Marine Corps

Ayoshi

  • Timawan
  • Boffin
  • *
  • Posts: 3003
    • View Profile
Re: Bell AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter
« Reply #6 on: May 31, 2018, 07:12:07 PM »
Japan seeks Cobra replacement | Janes - 31 May 2018
Quote
Japan has issued a request for information(RFI) to replace its ageing Fuji-Bell AH-1 Cobra attack helicopters.

The RFI, reported by national media earlier in May, is aimed at finding a replacement for the 71 AH-1S helicopters fielded by the Japanese Ground Self Defense Force (JGSDF) since 1979 (of which 59 are reported to still be operational).

Ayoshi

  • Timawan
  • Boffin
  • *
  • Posts: 3003
    • View Profile
Re: Bell AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter
« Reply #7 on: June 11, 2018, 03:17:43 AM »
Jordan receives first upgraded Cobra helos | Janes - 08 June 2018
Quote
Jordan has received back into service the first of 12 Bell AH-1F Cobra attack helicopters that are being put through an extensive upgrade process.

Northrop Grumman, which as a subcontractor to Science and Engineering Services (SES) is updating the avionics of the 1980s-vintage helicopters, announced on 7 June that the first have now been shipped from Huntsville, Alabama, to Jordan for weapons testing and final acceptance by the Royal Jordanian Air Force (RJAF). Jane’s has previously reported that the first two helicopters were returned to Jordan in April, one of which featured on the static display at the recent SOFEX 2018 defence exhibition in the country.

The aircraft are being rewired and reconditioned by SES to ensure their quality and integrity, before Northrop Grumman integrates the new avionics solution. Further to SES and Northrop Grumman, Bell is helping with the refurbishment of the airframes while Honeywell is involved in upgrading the helicopters engines.


One of the first two upgraded AH-1F Cobra attack helicopters to be delivered back to Jordan was displayed at the recent SOFEX exhibition in the country. (IHS Markit/Patrick Allen)

Ayoshi

  • Timawan
  • Boffin
  • *
  • Posts: 3003
    • View Profile
Re: Bell AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter
« Reply #8 on: August 28, 2018, 05:44:44 PM »
Update: US Navy awards Bell USD510 million contract for AH-1Z newbuild helicopters | Janes - 28 August 2018
Quote
The US Navy (USN) on 23 August awarded Bell a USD510 million contract modification for 29 Lot 15 production newbuild AH-1Z Viper attack helicopters, according to a Pentagon statement.

The modification also provides for long lead parts and components for an additional seven Lot 16 aircraft. This contract award is in support of the US Marine Corps’ (USMC’s) H-1 helicopter upgrade programme.

Work is expected to be completed in February 2021 and will be performed in Fort Worth, Texas (60%), and Amarillo, Texas (40%).

Bell declined to comment for this article on 27 August. USN spokesperson Sarah Tate said on 28 August that the USMC is planning additional upgrades to AH-1Z aircraft. She said the marines are pursuing an electrical system upgrade as well as plans for additional weapons, aircraft survivability equipment, navigation, sensors, and degraded visual environment (DVE) capabilities.


The USMC is phasing out its AH-1W Super Cobras in favour of its upgraded AH-1Z Viper (pictured) variant. The USN on 23 August issued Bell a USD510 million contract modification for 29 Lot 15 newbuild AH-1Zs and long lead items for seven additional Lot 16 aircraft. Source: Bell

Ayoshi

  • Timawan
  • Boffin
  • *
  • Posts: 3003
    • View Profile
Re: Bell AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter
« Reply #9 on: September 08, 2018, 01:40:42 PM »
Analysis: Bahrain unveils upgraded Cobra | Janes - 07 September 2018

https://www.janes.com/article/82850/analysis-bahrain-unveils-upgraded-cobra

Quote
The Royal Bahraini Air Force's (RBAF's) head of planning told the IQPC International Military Helicopter conference in January 2015 that the service was planning to upgrade its Cobra fleet by integrating new weapons and enhancing crew situational awareness.

Field Marshal Shaikh Khalifa bin Ahmed al-Khalifa inspects an AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter upgraded with an Aselsan ASELFLIR-300T surveillance and targeting system. (Bahrain Defence Force)