Author Topic: Esperon: Gov't to publish national security strategy for the first time  (Read 2428 times)

dr demented

  • Global Moderator
  • Boffin
  • *****
  • Posts: 592
    • View Profile
A defense white paper?

Esperon: Gov't to publish national security strategy for the first time

By CNN Philippines Staff
Updated 13:35 PM PHT Wed, May 30, 2018

Metro Manila (CNN Philippines, May 30) The government will publish a national security strategy for the first time, National Security Adviser Hermogenes Esperon said Wednesday, in the wake of competing claims in the South China Sea.

President Rodrigo Duterte signed the document on May 16. It outlines the administration's plans for a "secure, peaceful, modern, and prosperous Philippines," Esperon said.

Esperon announced this during a hearing of the House Special Committee on the West Philippine Sea. Esperon, Foreign Affairs Secretary Alan Peter Cayetano and Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana briefed lawmakers about the situation and developments in disputed waters west of the country.

"We will bolster our position in the community of nations by strengthening diplomatic relations with our traditional allies, engaging non-traditional partners and pursuing an independent foreign policy that gives primacy to our national interest," Esperon said, quoting Duterte's words in the national security strategy.

The administration said it will continue to improve defense, intelligence, and law enforcement capabilities to address urgent concerns, including the communist insurgency, terrorism, and violent extremism.

Esperon said the national security strategy is in line with the National Security Policy of the Duterte administration from 2017 to 2022. The security policy is a comprehensive approach to addressing national security challenges.

There was no announcement on when the document will be released. Other countries like the U.S. publish their national security strategy to outline national security concerns and how the government plans to deal with them.

Magdalo party-list Rep. Gary Alejano of the opposition welcomed the government's move, saying it should be "disseminated to all high government officials."

The administration has assured the public it is protecting the country's rights in the South China Sea. Esperon said the document also addresses concerns about the maritime row.

Cayetano said the government cannot divulge the contents of all diplomatic negotiations to protect national interest. He added, however, that Duterte has allowed declassification of some information on the sea row, which they will discuss with lawmakers.

The government calls as West Philippine Sea areas in the South China Sea that lie within the country's 200-mile exclusive economic zone, based on the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, an international treaty both the Philippines and China had signed.

This is stated in the July 2016 landmark ruling of the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, which China refused to acknowledge. China continues to claim the South China Sea in its entirety.

Duterte has promised to bring up the arbitral ruling with the East Asian giant during his term, or until 2022.


  • Administrator
  • Boffin
  • *****
  • Posts: 14248
    • View Profile
    • The ADROTH Project
I wonder how different this will be from this

Administrator's note: The following was pulled from public archives of the original forum, dated January 6, 2008


Framework for Formulation

     The National Defense Strategy (NDS), which was designed based on the analysis of the overall environment, is the basic reference in the formulation of the capability development of the nation. Defense interests, objectives and policies contained in the NDS are translated into civil and military strategies. The civil defense strategy is primary geared toward developmental programs and projects and other crisis and peacetime operations in which the military could render assistance. On the other hand, the military defense strategy is aimed at addressing the defense needs of the nation in time of war. Taking into consideration both the civil and military defense strategies, the AFP then analyzes the gap between the required and existing capability and afterwards determines, analyzes and evaluates the new requirements to fill the gap. The program that outlines the new requirements in general terms is then valued for funds allocation. The new requirements undergo several reviews and adjustments based on the financial status of the government. The achievable defense program is translated into new capability standards and is validated against the NDS and military strategy. The revised program is adopted and implemented if it is still valid in the present and projected security environment.

     This is the basic cycle used in the formulation of the AFP Modernization Program that frames the AFP Modernization Act.

National Defense Strategy

     Based on the strategic scan and the underlying national defense and security premises, the national defense objectives are laid out as follows:

    * To uphold the sovereignty and defend the territorial integrity of the Philippines.

    * To secure the border areas from smuggling, piracy, drug trafficking, poaching and other illegal activities.

    * To assist in the protection of the country's natural resources and ecological environment.

    * To assist in socio-economic development, including relief and rescue during disasters and calamities.

    * To protect the exclusive economic zone (EEZ).

    * To support the Philippine National Police (PNP) in the maintenance of peace and order.

    * To contribute to the stability of the Association of Southeast Asian Nationa (ASEAN).

    * To support regional and United Nations (UN) initiatives for stability such as peacekeeping activities.

    * To assist as directed in transnational border efforts with other countries, as in anti-piracy on the high seas, anti-maritime pollution operations and search and rescue in disasters.

     Based on these national defense objectives, the civil military strategies are formulated. The civil defense strategy focuses on national civil defense and assistance program. As such, its operations are undertaken during crisis and peace. Operations are aimed at providing safety and protecting property. During crisis which include search and rescue and disaster relief operations, while necessary measures are prepared for population's protection when disasters strike during peacetime.

     The military strategy follows a spectrum of deployment for three conditions: peacetime, crisis and war.

     In peacetime, the aim is to deter hostile and aggressive acts against the nation and establish an aura conducive to national prosperity. In this time, the Armed Forces actively participates in developmental activities such as construction of infrastructures and preservation of national resources. During disasters, wherein immediate restoration of normalcy is the priority, the AFP assists government agencies in conducting disaster relief operations. In time of war, the AFP defends our national territory and ends any conflict immediately. Considering the archpelagic configuration of the country, the national military strategy conforms to the general principle of defense-in-depth that requires coordinated application of the full range of ground, sea, and air forces.

     Given the National Defense Strategy, the overall development of the Armed Forces must:

   1. Be consistent with national defense objectives and strategic priorities.

   2. Provide a generally adequate defense capability for the key roles identified in the National Defense Strategy.

   3. Emphasize on the fast developing concerns of joint operations.

   4. Apply selectively modern technology.

   5. Promote competence, professionalism and team spirit in military operations.

     In sum, the development of AFP capabilities has a dual purpose: to address the defense needs and the national development needs.

Development of AFP Capabilities

     To be consistent with the national defense objectives and strategic priorities and provide a generally respectable national defense posture, the AFP capabilities will be developed along the key roles idetified in the National Defense Strategy, as follows:

    * Command, Control and Communications - focuses on the development of joint operating procedures and systems. On communications, the civil infrastructure will be used increasingly to complement the defense needs.

    * Maritime Surveillance - consists of significant numbers of maritime patrol aircraft and surface naval assets. A key concern will be placed on the command, control and communications system that would integrate all information pertaining to movements or traffic in the maritime areas and on the exclusive economic zone (EEZ). Aside from AFP facilities, information from other concerned agencies will also be integrated through installation of appropriate communication links.

    * Air Defense - consists of multi-role aircraft with adequate ordnance and armament loads, air defense radar system and airborne early warning and control system. This will be complemented with effective command, control and communications systems.

    * Maritime Patrol and Response - consists of surface naval assets and long-range patrol and multi-role aircraft. The vast expanse of the EEZ, the border areas in the south and the north, and other roles required of these forces will mean that response capability will always be selective and will require an effective conduct of joint operations.

    * Protection of Offshore Territories and Strategic Resources - focuses on enhancing reconnaissance, surveillance, and ground and air mobility. Surveillance services have the potential to overcome some of the problems of limited resources of personnel. The reserve force will be an important contributor to this role.

    * Intelligence Collection and Evaluation - involves improvement in the integration and dissemination of intelligence to meet the strategic, tactical and operational needs of defense and other government agencies as required.

    * Integrated Logistics Support - focuses on enhancing the AFP capability in conducting and sustaining joint operations across the length and breadth of the archipelago and in adjacent maritime areas.