Author Topic: The Fall of Bataan  (Read 585 times)

Ayoshi

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The Fall of Bataan
« on: April 08, 2018, 11:05:55 AM »
From: pacificwar.org.au

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The Fall of Bataan

When the Japanese renewed their offensive on 3 April 1942 with fresh troops supported by heavy artillery, tanks, and air attack, the American survivors on the Bataan Peninsula were so weakened by disease and starvation that they were unable to offer any effective resistance. From the comfort and safety of his new headquarters in Australia, and with no concern for the severely weakened physical condition of his abandoned troops and their critical shortage of military supplies, MacArthur ordered a general counterattack against the Japanese. The commanding officer on Luzon, Major General Edward King, ignored this ridiculous order. Trusting to the mercy of the Japanese, he surrendered his troops on 9 April 1942. Before the surrender came into effect, he transferred his female army nurses to Corregidor in the hope that they might be evacuated from the Philippines.

The Japanese did not follow European tradition which usually honours troops who surrender after a gallant defence and treats female captives with respect and compassion. Infuriated by the lengthy American resistance on Bataan, and the heavy losses they had suffered themselves, the Japanese vented their rage on their sick and exhausted prisoners of war whom they subjected to the atrocities of the Bataan Death March and the harsh conditions of Japanese "hell camps".

Being well aware of the hopelessness of the American position in the Philippines, President Roosevelt authorised the senior commander, Lieutenant General Wainwright, to continue the battle against the Japanese or seek terms for surrender as he saw fit. At his headquarters on the fortified island of Corregidor, General Wainwright elected to follow MacArthur's order from Australia to continue the hopeless battle to the end. Wainwright was urged by his senior staff officers to follow MacArthur's example and escape from the Philippines by fast patrol boat under cover of night, but he calmly replied:

"I have been with my men from the start, and if captured, I will share their lot."
« Last Edit: April 08, 2018, 09:17:43 PM by Ayoshi »

Ayoshi

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The Fall of Bataan
« Reply #1 on: April 08, 2018, 11:26:35 AM »
The Fall of Bataan | Official Gazette

http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/araw-ng-kagitingan-2013/the-fall-of-bataan/

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On April 9, 1942, officials in command of Bataan—where Filipino and American forces maintained the main resistance in the war against the Japanese—formally surrendered. Through the Voice of Freedom radio broadcast, Third Lieutenant Normando Ildefonso Reyes—reading a message prepared by Captain Salvador P. Lopez—informed the Philippines and the world from Malinta Tunnel in Corregidor: “ Bataan has fallen.”

The siege and defense of Bataan lasted 93 days—or just four months after the United States Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE: later renamed USFIP) retreated to Bataan. [Link to previous section, WW2 in the Philippines.] Teodoro Agoncillo writes in The Fateful Years: Japan’s Adventure in the Philippines of the events leading up to General Edward P. King Jr.’s official surrender of the Bataan command to Japanese troops:

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Headlines. The Tribune's headlines signal the completion of the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. Photo credit: World War II Database (ww2db.com) via rappler.com


Photo taken from inquirer.net article 75th rites for ‘Araw ng Kagitingan’ (Day of Valor)


« Last Edit: April 08, 2018, 09:18:14 PM by Ayoshi »

Ayoshi

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Re: The Fall of Bataan & Corregidor
« Reply #2 on: April 08, 2018, 11:26:53 AM »
The Fall of Bataan
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v_Bh6zoM7_I

Bataan Death March
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aJXT7U4P1p0

Legacy of Heroes. The Story of Bataan and Corregidor
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ennb2ihsTR8
« Last Edit: April 08, 2018, 09:20:04 PM by Ayoshi »

Ayoshi

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The Fall of Bataan
« Reply #3 on: April 08, 2018, 09:20:49 PM »

Image taken from philnews.ph