Author Topic: Joint US Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG)  (Read 4986 times)

adroth

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Joint US Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG)
« on: October 04, 2016, 06:51:16 PM »
How the US views the Philippines hinges, in part, into how this entity views us . . . assesses us . . . and how we conduct ourselves with them.

====

http://photos.state.gov/libraries/manila/880176/factsheetsforwebapril2013/Fact%20Sheet%20-%20JUSMAG%20_Feb%202013_.pdf

The 1947 Military Assistance Agreement created  the Joint U.S. Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG) to advise and assist with train and equip requirements of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.

From post-World War II until the U.S. base closures in 1992, the USG granted the AFP substantial support for training and technical assistance, which made up a considerable portion of their annual defense budget. The base closures in 1992 consequently reduced significantly the level of bilateral engagement activities.

After the September 2001 terrorist attacks, the U.S. once again substantially increased military assistance to the Philippines by reinvigorating a robust exercise program and increased Foreign Military Financing.
« Last Edit: October 06, 2016, 12:34:44 PM by adroth »

adroth

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Re: Joint US Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG)
« Reply #1 on: October 06, 2016, 12:33:08 PM »
Insight into how influential JUSMAG is to US-PH defense relations. In the words of the US Army's own history

http://www.history.army.mil/books/coldwar/huk/ch5.htm

MAGSAYSAY'S RELATIONSHIP WITH EDWARD G. LANSDALE

A prominent factor in the successful anti-guerrilla campaign was the close, personal relationship that developed between Edward Lansdale and Ramon Magsaysay. This relationship provided an effective conduit through which American advice affected Philippine actions during this period. To overlook Lansdale's role would be to neglect a significant chapter of this story.

The relationship began in 1950 when they first met at a Washington reception for the visiting Secretary of National Defense. Magsaysay came to the United States to encourage U.S. support for his government's growing fight against the Huks.

Lansdale, who served as an intelligence officer for the OSS and the Military Intelligence Service in the Philippines during the war and who had but recently been promoted to lieutenant colonel, was then teaching intelligence and counter-guerrilla operations at the Air Force Strategic Intelligence School at Lowry Air Force Base. Lansdale received a call from an old friend, Philippine Colonel Montemayor, telling him that he should meet the new Philippine secretary. "I'm with quite a man," Montemayor told Lansdale, "and you've got to get to know him."36 At the Ft. Myer reception, Lansdale caught both Magsaysay's ear and imagination. Later that year, as the JUSMAG began to play a more prominent role in the anti-Huk effort, Magsaysay asked President Quirino to request Lansdale's assignment to the JUSMAG.

Shortly after his arrival in the Philippines with his assistant, U.S. Army Maj. Charles T.R. Bohannan, Lansdale was invited to dinner by Magsaysay at his home near Manila. Concerned with visible guerrilla activity in the neighborhood and the lack of security for the Secretary, Lansdale invited him to share his room in the house he lived in within the JUSMAG compound in Manila. Magsaysay accepted the offer, sent his wife and children back to his wife's family on Bataan, and moved in with the U.S. advisor. Thus began the intimate relationship that existed between the two military men until Magsaysay's untimely death in 1957.

Although assigned to the JUSMAG as a G-2 advisor, Lansdale was given exceptional freedom of action and quickly became Magsaysay's de facto personal advisor. Often the two talked long into the night about conditions that fostered the insurrection and about the real need for governmental and social reforms as a prelude to a permanent solution to the Huk problem. Early each morning the Secretary would rouse Lansdale from his bed and together they made daily inspection tours around the nation. To maintain this close personal contact, Lansdale obtained special permission from the Chief of JUSMAG, General Hobbs, to make these forays into contested areas to see firsthand the condition of the Philippine armed forces. Other than Lansdale and Bohannan, JUSMAG advisors were prohibited from taking the field with their counterparts. It was during these visits, and during frequent informal coffee-chats, that Lansdale was able to discuss the real causes for the insurrection with Magsaysay, his assistants, and other concerned government officials. Shortly thereafter, Magsaysay took steps to revitalize the military, improve pay and morale, eliminate corrupt officers, and foster his campaign to win the people back to the central government.

As part of the rejuvenation campaign, Lansdale, with Magsaysay's active support, helped establish intelligence schools and a Philippine Military Intelligence Corps. As graduates from these schools joined forces in the field, battalion combat team commanders became convinced of the importance of intelligence to their operations, the battle began to shift to the government. During the next few years, programs initiated by Magsaysay gradually took the revolution away from the Huks. The people saw clear evidence of military professionalism, competence, and honesty (quite a dramatic change) and through the military's behavior, began to realize that Magsaysay was working for their benefit. The soldiers became heros to the people, "White Hats," and received more and more of their active support.

Late in 1953, Lansdale was ordered back to Washington to prepare for an assignment with the O'Daniel mission to Vietnam. After completing his first French lesson, Lansdale was called at home by President Magsaysay and asked to return to the Philippines. Lansdale told his old friend that he was unable to come back but, after the Philippine President made another call to President Eisenhower, Lansdale found himself in Manila early in 1954. This time, he was only able to remain until May, when he was ordered to continue on to Vietnam "to do there what you did in the Philippines."

adroth

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Re: Joint US Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG)
« Reply #2 on: October 06, 2016, 05:12:54 PM »
Excerpt from a discussion that spurred the retrieval of whatever information we lost about JUSMAG. Several years worth.

Without doubt the US helps. But as would only be logical for any great power, that help has to be on its terms. The more you ask for help from one country, the more you allow that country to influence how you do things.

It doesn't make the US good or bad. It just is what it is.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/rpdefense/permalink/1088790511206795/?match=cmVnaXM%3D




adroth

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Re: Joint US Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG)
« Reply #3 on: November 29, 2016, 08:29:37 AM »
The following paper outlines how JUSMAG was involved in the shift from the territorial defense-oriented AFP Modernization Program of 1995 to the ISO-centric Capability Upgrade Program of the Arroyo years.

http://fmso.leavenworth.army.mil/documents/Philippine_Defense_Reform.pdf

Quote
Merging post 9/11 Counter Terrorist Security Assistance into the PDR, and the Nuts and Bolts of Reform

As mentioned earlier, in October 1999, the U.S. DoD and Philippine DND initiated policy-level discussions aimed at finding the best way to assist the Philippines in the development of a
credible defense capability. In 2001, a narrower scoped and less formal JDA than the 2003 version, set the stage for Department of State military grant aid programs designed to improve the AFP’s ‘center of gravity’, its critical lack of mobility to fight around the archipelago.

The following two major Security Assistance programs were established:

First, the Mobility Maintenance Program, a plan developed by U.S. PACOM and the U.S. Embassy’s Joint U.S. Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG-Philippines) developed a five-year plan to improve the AFP key mobility systems and presented it to U.S. Department of State’s for FY02 Foreign Military Finance (FMF) grant consideration.

The Mobility Maintenance Program originally funded logistics and maintenance support for AFP’s four major mobility systems; 
M35 2.5-ton trucks, 78' Fast Patrol Craft, C-130 aircraft and UH-1H helicopters and included;

● Spare and repair parts for all four systems
● Programmed Depot Maintenance for C-130 aircraft
● Planned Restrictive Availabilities (Depot Level Overhaul) and Emergent Restrictive Availabilities for 78' Fast Patrol Crafts
● An eight-man Technical Assistance Field Team (TAFT)

Originally envisioned as a "shot in the arm" to AFP maintenance and logistics capabilities to improve mobility in support of the War on Terror, the intent was to assist the AFP in the short
term with their C-130s, 78’ patrol vessels and UH-1 Helicopters, as well as to gain control over the ‘cannibalization’ of these critical systems and to give them time to properly budget for equipment life cycles, operational costs, and appropriate maintenance program improvements.
 
The original FMF funding scheme was $19 million in 2002, $20 million in 2003, and then reduced to only $5 million in 2006  while the AFP gradually took over funding responsibilities for
their system's operational readiness. However, by 2005 the United States sustained Mobility Maintenance Program funding levels without any corresponding contributions.

In order to prepare for eventual Philippine funding, the JUSMAG and the AFP J4 immediately established the appropriate Foreign Military Sales (FMS) cases to support the elements of the Mobility Maintenance Program. The Mobility Maintenance Program began with the appropriately funded Foreign Military Sales cases and Technical Assistance Field Team deployed to the Philippines in early 2003.

There were very real reasons behind why the US dissuaded the AFP from embarking on spending programs that would take money away from addressing very basic problems at the infantry level. The now famous "move, shoot, communicate" requirement.

Now, a full 6 years after the conclusion of the ISO-centric CUP Phase 1, there appears to be a difference of opinion as to whether or not the Philippines is ready to take the next step.

Letting the cat out of the bag re the SAA-LIFT munitions project

Given the Philippines' history with this . . .

This must never happen again

. . . is the US like a dad who is hesitant to give away the keys to the car?

The C-130 graveyard at Mactan AFB at its height in the early 2000s


« Last Edit: November 30, 2016, 12:03:24 PM by adroth »

adroth

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Re: Joint US Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG)
« Reply #4 on: January 08, 2017, 01:17:47 AM »
A sampling of how JUSMAG facilitates equipment acquisitions. In this case, this was for the F-5Es that later morphed into the F-8 purchase

The following Wikileaks document appears to suggest at such

https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/1976MANILA12939_b.html


Quote
1.  DEFENSE SECRETARY ENRILE HAS SENT ME THE FOLLOWING LETTER
CONCERNING PROCUREMENT OF ELEVEN (11) F-5E AIRCRAFT:

QUOTE:

DEAR AMBASSADOR SULLIVAN:

THIS IS IN CONNECTION WITH THE REQUEST OF THE
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES TO PROCURE ELEVEN (11) F-5E
AIRCRAFT THROUGH FMS WHICH WAS TRANSMITTED TO JUSMAG-
PHIL ON 14 MAY 1976.
I WAS INFORMED THAT THE STATE DEPARTMENT NOTIFIED
DOD OF OUR REQUEST ON 27 JULY 1976 AND THAT I AM ALSO
INFORMED THAT THE LETTER OF OFFER IS EXPECTED TO BE
SECRET

SECRET

PAGE 02        MANILA 12939  251046Z

COMPLETED BY ABOUT 27 SEPTEMBER 76 AFTER WHICH IT WILL BE
SUBMITTED TO THE U.S. CONGRESS FOR APPROVAL.  THE U.S.
CONGRESS WILL RECESS BY 4 OCT 76 GIVING BARELY FIVE (5)
WORKING DAYS FOR THE LETTER OF OFFER TO BE ACTED UPON.
THERE IS THEREFORE A GREAT POSSIBILITY THAT THE LETTER
OF OFFER (DD FORM 1513) FOR ELEVEN (11) F-5E'S MAY NOT
BE ACTED UPON BY THE U.S. CONGRESS BEFORE ITS RECESS,
WHICH MAY MEAN A SETBACK UP TO THREE MONTHS UNTIL THE
CONGRESS RECONVENES.
IN VIEW OF THE FOREGOING, I AM REQUESTING YOUR HELP
TO EXPEDITE THE PREPARATION AND PRESENTATION OF THE
LETTER OF OFFER AND ACCEPTANCE TO THE U.S. CONGRESS
SOONEST.
VERY TRULY YOURS,

JUAN PONCE ENRILE
SECRETARY

END QUOTE

2.  I WILL NEED TO ADVISE ENRILE AS SOON AS POSSIBLE OF
THE CURRENT STATUS OF THE LETTER OF OFFER (LOA) AND HOW
WE INTEND TO GO ABOUT SATISFYING THE CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFI-
CATION REQUIREMENTS BEFORE CONGRESS RECESSES IN OCTOBER.
IT IS OUR INFORMAL UNDERSTANDING HERE THAT THE CHIEF OF
STAFF OF AIR FORCE PLANS TO PUT THE LOA BEFORE CONGRESS
AS SOON AS POSSIBLE SO THAT THE REQUIRED 30 CALENDAR
DAY NOTIFICATION WOULD BE COMPLETED BEFORE RECESS ON
OCTOBER 4.  WE WOULD APPRECIATE DEFINITIVE INDICATION
OF WHAT THESE ARRANGEMENTS ARE SO THAT WE CAN REASSURE
ENRILE THAT WE ARE DOING ALL WE CAN TO MOVE THE PACKAGE
ALONG.

3.  WE ALSO INTEND TO SET THE RECORD STRAIGHT WITH ENRILE
ON THE IMPLICATION IN HIS LETTER THAT THERE MIGHT HAVE BEEN
UNNECESSARY DELAY AT JUSMAG OR ELSEWHERE ON OUR SIDE IN
PROCESSING THE LOA.

4.  THE SOONER WE CAN DEMONSTRATE TO ENRILE AND OTHERS IN
THE GOP THAT WE ARE DOING ALL WE CAN ON THIS PROJECT THE
BETTER OUR CHANCES FOR DISPELLING ANY SUSPICTION ON THE
SECRET

SECRET

PAGE 03        MANILA 12939  251046Z

PHILIPPINE SIDE THAT WE HAVE BEEN DRAGGING OUR HEELS, PERHAPS
BECAUSE OF THE BASE NEGOTIATIONS.  THE LAMENTABLE ANDERSON
AFFAIR OF LAST WEEK CONTINUES TO RECEIVE HEAVY PLAY HERE
AND MAKES OUR EFFORTS IN THIS REGARD ALL THE MORE IMPER-
ATIVE.

5.  I WILL BE SEEING ENRILE AUGUST 28 MANILA TIME AND WOULD
APPRECIATE HAVING THE INFORMATION REQUESTED ABOVE AT
OPENING OF BUSINESS THAT DAY.
SULLIVAN


SECRET




NNN

Sinagtala

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Re: Joint US Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG)
« Reply #5 on: February 01, 2017, 04:44:49 AM »
U.S. Military Delivers Counterterrorism Equipment to the Philippine Army and Marine Corps

(Moderator's edit. Article from: https://ph.usembassy.gov/us-military-delivers-counterterrorism-equipment-philippine-army-marine-corps/)



Clark Air Base, February 1, 2017 — Representatives from the U.S. Embassy in the Philippines’ Joint U.S. Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG) delivered new military equipment to the Philippine Army and Marine Corps January 27. The transfer included over 400 M203 grenade launchers, 85 M40A5 sniper rifles, and a RQ-11B Raven unmanned aerial vehicle system consisting of three drones for exclusive use and ownership by the Armed Forces of the Philippines.

The AFP procured the small-arms weapons through the U.S. government’s Foreign Military Sales program. This equipment will help enhance the AFP’s counterterrorism capabilities, and protect Philippine security forces actively engaged in counterterrorism operations in the southern Philippines.

In addition to the small-arms transfer, the U.S. government provided a Raven unmanned aerial vehicle system through the grant counterterrorism program. As part of the grant, and in addition to the three unmanned aerial vehicles included in the Raven system, Philippine service members received training in the United States on its operations and maintenance. The Raven is a hand-launched unmanned aerial vehicle that will increase the AFP’s capabilities to conduct intelligence collection, mission planning, and reconnaissance operations.

The equipment transfer and continued bilateral training efforts demonstrate the commitment between the Philippines and U.S. to work towards safer communities and the eradication of global terror networks.
« Last Edit: February 01, 2017, 04:45:57 PM by adroth »
"I know that I know nothing." - Socrates

adroth

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Re: Joint US Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG)
« Reply #6 on: June 16, 2017, 03:17:42 PM »
http://defenseph.net/drp/index.php?topic=1852.0

From the forum's FB extension

https://www.facebook.com/groups/rpdefense/permalink/1334581496627694/




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AFP gets new weapons from US
By Michael Punongbayan and Pia Lee-Brago (The Philippine Star) | Updated June 6, 2017 - 12:00am

http://thediplomat.com/2017/06/us-terror-aid-to-philippines-signals-enduring-defense-ties-under-duterte/

< Edited >

Officials from the Joint United States Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG) turned over the weapons and equipment delivered recently under the US government’s Counterterrorism Train and Equip Program.

adroth

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Re: Joint US Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG)
« Reply #7 on: June 29, 2017, 04:39:44 PM »
The report outlines some of the bureaucratic and procedural hoops that take place on the American side whenever there is a proposed arms sale from the US to foreign nations.

https://news.usni.org/2017/06/29/report-congress-foreign-arms-sales

adroth

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Re: Joint US Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG)
« Reply #8 on: July 28, 2017, 10:14:54 PM »
From: https://ph.usembassy.gov/us-military-presents-two-new-isr-aircraft-philippine-air-force/

< Edited >

Since 2007, representatives from the Joint United States Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG) in the Philippines have delivered and programmed more than Php7.4 billion worth of military equipment to the AFP to enhance counterterrorism capabilities.  In addition, the AFP has procured small-arms weapons, maritime assault boats, vehicles, unmanned aerial systems, and personal protective equipment as part of the U.S. government’s security assistance programs.

< Edited >


« Last Edit: July 28, 2017, 10:24:25 PM by adroth »

Ayoshi

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Re: Joint US Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG)
« Reply #9 on: July 31, 2017, 05:08:41 AM »
PH Air Force gets weapons from U.S. | Rappler - July 29, 2017
Quote
The US embassy said in a statement that officials from the Joint United States Military Assistance Group (JUSMAG) recently delivered 1,040 2.75-inch rocket motors and 992 2.75-inch rockets to the PAF through the Mutual Logistics Support Agreement (MLSA).

“These timely transfers greatly enhance the Armed Forces of the Philippines’ (AFP) counterterrorism efforts. They are part of a series of upcoming transfers from the US military to multiple branches of the AFP through both MLSA and the security assistance program,” the embassy said.


"Through the MLSA, the AFP is able to receive select munitions and equipment from US military stock in an accelerated process reserved for allies and close partners of the United States," it added.


US Support. Members the US and Philippine armies unload and inspect a delivery of rockets from the US to the Armed Forces of the Philippines at Clark Air Base, Pampanga. Photo from the US Embassy