Author Topic: Thread index: Naval Combat Management Systems  (Read 1115 times)

adroth

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Thread index: Naval Combat Management Systems
« on: October 02, 2017, 12:43:05 AM »
What are Combat Management Systems?

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The Philippine Navy Frigate Acquisition Project, specifically Supplemental Bid Bulletin #DND/PN-FAP-16-01, described the PN's preferred CMS as follows:



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Various industry definitions below.

From: http://www.spsnavalforces.com/story/?id=333

Naval Combat Management System is a software-intensive system which has to be flexible enough to operate in a complex naval battle environment

A Naval Combat Management System (NCMS) has to perform the following key functions:

Situational Awareness. To be aware of the battle environment at sea which includes surface, subsurface and air. This is collected through sensors like radars, electro–optical systems and sonar.

Intelligence. Convert the above information into actionable intelligence by interpretation, collation, evaluation thereby producing a common operational picture.

Planning and decision-making. This step helps the commanders to rapidly make an actionable plan for decision-making and implementation, in a rapidly changing complex battle environment.

Weapon systems command and control. An effective NCMS will also direct weapon sensors and weapons to engage and destroy incoming threat.

The above functions are carried by the NCMS through the crew, sensors and weapon systems. The whole system could be part of the network-centric warfare (NCW) where each system becomes a separate node with similar nodes on other vessels. NCW concept is more autonomous than hierarchical.

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From: http://elbitsystems.com/product/naval-combat-management-systems/

"Designed to assure “knowledge superiority” over potential enemies, shorten decision-making cycles and execute rapid and accurate weapon engagement in the task force . . ."

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From: http://www.naval-technology.com/projects/incheon-class-ffx-frigates-south-korea/


"The combat system integrates the onboard sensors, weapons and fire control systems.

It performs target detection, tracking, threat assessment and weapon control functions simultaneously for conducting efficient combat operations in various engagement scenarios."

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From: https://www.thalesgroup.com/en/worldwide/defence/naval-forces/above-water-warfare/combat-management-systems

". . . It provides seamless near realtime sharing of the Common Operating Picture (contact data, messages, and geo-referenced map overlays) between vessels, helicopters, and shore installations."


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The thread index

CMS / ADA / NTDS     Country of origin &/or Users
     
Aegis Air Defense System at Thirty     
     
BAE CMS-1 Combat Management System     
     
CMS on the PLA's Type 055 destroyer     
     
DCNS SETIS     
     
Elbit Systems ENTCS 2000     
     
Larsen & Toubro Naval Combat Management System     
     
Lockheed-Martin COMBATSS-21     
     
Naval Shield Integrated Combat Management System     
     
Navantia SCOMBA Combat Management System (CMS)     
     
Saab 9LV CMS      
     
Selex ES ATHENA CMS     
     
Thales Tacticos CMS      



« Last Edit: January 24, 2018, 06:02:44 PM by adroth »

LionFlyer

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Re: Thread index: Naval Combat Management Systems
« Reply #1 on: October 05, 2017, 01:55:21 AM »
A long time ago, they were known as Action Information Systems (AIS)

Here is a more up to date version and description of a modern one.

https://www.fmv.se/Global/Dokument/Engelska%20webben/Heinz%20Marsau-Rierl_SensorSymposium2014_ATLAS_FMVred.pdf

adroth

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Re: Thread index: Naval Combat Management Systems
« Reply #2 on: October 05, 2017, 01:22:03 PM »
A long time ago, they were known as Action Information Systems (AIS)

Here is a more up to date version and description of a modern one.

https://www.fmv.se/Global/Dokument/Engelska%20webben/Heinz%20Marsau-Rierl_SensorSymposium2014_ATLAS_FMVred.pdf

Nice one Mr. L. Thanks.

We're going to need a lot more of this kind of background information very soon.

adroth

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Re: Thread index: Naval Combat Management Systems
« Reply #3 on: October 08, 2017, 01:07:22 PM »
Interesting read

http://battle-updates.com/d-b-s-naval-combat-management-systems-by-nick-watts/

Early developments and transformation:

Royal Navy: Action Information Organization --> Action Data Automation

US Navy: Naval Tactical Data System --> AEGIS

Quote
For the US Navy the Cold War requirement to match the Soviet threat called for adequate communications. This drove development in satellite communications, but it also drove secure ship to ship communications. Without ‘total spectrum dominance’ made possible by the Revolution in Military Affairs’ in the mid-1980s, the US would not be able to effectively operate a world-wide military and naval force.

The move from low data rate HF(long range communication) to satellite SHF in the 90s provided the data rates that could support much more effective shore support of picture compilation with a mixture of current and time late intelligence. So by the turn of the century ships had moved from autonomy to being part of potentially global systems including ships, aircraft and shore HQs. The availability of powerful commercial computers enabled the navy to move away from very expensive development-heavy dedicated ship class CMS to more generic open architecture systems capable of spiral development which is much more responsive and affordable. With interconnected and open systems comes the cyber challenge, which has to some extent been managed by still having a man in the loop. That option is diminishing to man on the loop (with a veto rather than as a participant) and will be exacerbated as more unmanned surveillance and weapon systems are deployed.
« Last Edit: October 08, 2017, 05:30:18 PM by adroth »

adroth

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Re: Thread index: Naval Combat Management Systems
« Reply #4 on: October 08, 2017, 06:58:20 PM »
From: https://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4tnbqg/combat_management

Combat Management System Market by Sub-System, Component, Platform and Region - Global Forecast to 2022
ID: 4393655 Report September 2017 Region: Global 133 Pages Markets and Markets

https://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4tnbqg/combat_management

“The Combat Management System Market Is Projected to Grow from USD 306.7 Million in 2017 to USD 365.5 Million by 2022”

FEATURED COMPANIES

BAE Systems Plc.
Elbit Systems Ltd.
Kongsberg Gruppen Asa
Leonardo S.P.A.
Raytheon Company
Saab AB

The growth of this market is mainly attributed to the increase in shipbuilding activities and the need for situational awareness systems in naval combat operations. However, proven capability and fidelity of legacy systems are restraining the growth of the market.

“The software segment is projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period”

Based on component, the combat management system market has been segmented into software and hardware. The software segment is projected to grow at the highest CAGR from 2017 to 2022. This growth is mainly attributed to the high development cost of software, which is based on the complex architecture of the combat management system.

“The unmanned vehicle control system segment is estimated to lead the combat management system market in 2017”

Based on sub-system, the unmanned vehicle control system segment is estimated to lead the combat management system market in 2017. The increasing adoption of unmanned vehicle systems by different navies around the world is expected to drive the growth of the unmanned vehicle control system segment.

“Asia Pacific is expected to lead the combat management system market during the forecast period”

Asia Pacific is expected to lead the combat management system market from 2017 to 2022. Countries considered for the market analysis of the Asia Pacific region include China, India, Japan and rest of Asia Pacific. The growth of the Asia Pacific combat management system market is mainly attributed to the increase in ship building activities and deliveries of combat vessels in the region.

Break-up of the profile of primary participants in the combat management system market:

By Company Type - Tier 1 – 35%, Tier 2 – 45%, and Tier 3 – 20%
By Designation – C Level – 35%, Director Level – 25%, and Others – 40%
By Region – North America - 45%, Europe – 20%, Asia Pacific – 30%, and RoW – 5%

Research Coverage:

This research report categorizes the combat management system market based on component (hardware and software), sub-system (self-defense management system, situational awareness system, track management system, weapon management system, display system, identification system, and unmanned vehicle control system), and platform (destroyers, submarines, frigates, amphibious ships, corvettes, fast attack craft (FAC), and aircraft carriers). These segments and subsegments have been analyzed across major regions, namely, North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Rest of the World (RoW).

Reasons to buy this report:
From an insight perspective, this research report focuses on various levels of analyses — industry analysis (industry trends), company profiles, emerging and high-growth segments of the market, high-growth regions, and market drivers, restraints, opportunities, and challenges.
« Last Edit: October 08, 2017, 10:14:22 PM by adroth »