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ANZAC Frigate Modernisation Reaches Final Milestones | Saab Group - 31 May 2011
The Defence and Security company Saab is one of the prime contractors for the ANZAC frigate ASMD project which has reached its most important milestone with the successful firing of an Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile from HMAS PERTH off Jervis Bay, Australia.

The Anti-Ship Missile Defence (ASMD) program was commenced in 2004 to redesign and modernise the ship’s critical combat capability. Its prime role was to prepare the ship’s defences for the potential missile threats of the 21st centrury.

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Another vital part of the upgrade has been to enhance the fully integrated combat management system performed by Saab’s 9LV 453 Mk 3E. These enhancements include:
  • New 30-inch widescreen operator consoles, with large touch input displays operating commercial Microsoft® operating systems,
  • a completely redesigned operations room layout with 10 consoles to improve management and coordination of operations,
  • large screen displays on the bulkheads showing intelligence, CCTV and status information,
  • redundant Gigabit LANs for greater data capacity,
  • new operator modes for fighter control, and
  • ulitisation of advanced control modes for the Evolved Sea Sparrow Missiles.

Image: The Operations Room of HMAS PERTH showing the upgraded Saab 9LV Combat Management System. Photo by Eye in the Sky © Saab 2011.

As shared by Sir LF...

Thailand ordered an Saab upgrade package for their Naresuan class frigates back in 2011. The order was for
2 x Saab Sea Giraffe AMB, 2 x CEROS 200 FCR, 2 x Saab 9LV CMS Mk4 and 2 x TDL for a total cost of MSEK 484, which works out to USD48 million for two ships.[1]


Starting from the MOSAIC 2.0, all units are offered with a base combat system which can be improved. This includes:
  • a 3D (with IFF) surveillance radar with multi-functional characteristics, providing very quick reaction times;
  • a FCS with fully automatic reaction (CIWS), controlling the 76/62 mm SR gun;
  • two 25 mm machineguns;
  • an anti-aircraft missile system with VLS (Vertical Launch System);
  • an anti-ship missile system (SSM);
  • a passive ESM (Electronic Support Measures) system, plus rocket launcher and an additional, solid state, active ECM (Electronic Counter Measures) system;
  • an ASW suite, composed of Hull Mounted Sonar (HMS), Torpedo Launching system and an additional Variable Depth Sonar (VDS);
  • an integrated navigation and telecommunications system.
All the MOSAIC configurations are offered with stern deck and hangar for an 11-tons class helicopter.

The MOSAIC 2.0, conceived mainly as multi-mission corvettes, have top continuous speed of 29 knots.

The 2.2 have a range of 4,500 Nm and top continuous speed exceeding 28 knots.

Mosaic 2.2 offered to Indonesia (from

Finally, the 2.4 are light frigates intended as first line units, which CODAG propulsion based on four engines gives a top continuous speed exceeding 30 knots.

Photo: Fincantieri

The first two, named MOSAIC 1.5 and 1.7, are offshore patrol boats destined mainly to defence of littoral zones or oil platforms from low-intensity threats. They are equipped with CODAD propulsion system which gives a 3,500 Nm range at 14 knots speed. The top cruise speed exceeds 25 knots. Both configurations have a relatively light armament (FCS + 76/62 mm gun), with possible insertion of SSM and/or short range SAM.


U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Jimmy C. Pan/Released

Photo by Italian Navy (Marina Militare)


Photo: Official Turkish General Staff Photo

MOSAIC Family - Corvettes and Light Frigates

From Orizzonte Sistemi Navali (OSN)
MOSAIC (Modular Open System Architecture Integrated Concept) is a family of modular ships, representing an excellent solution to the need of an effective and modern combat component, both littoral and off-shore.

These vessels derive from the Comandanti Class Corvettes, but their most distinguishing element is the design, centred on the volumetric modularity and open architecture concepts. In fact, the ships compartments are prearranged to accommodate different kinds of systems, e.g. engines, with no need for a redesign, limiting acquisition and operating costs.

The software of the Combat Management System (CMS) is natively prepared to accept a great quantity of different systems. The CMS is also reconfigurable in order to allow possible upgrades to the systems already installed and accepts the addition of new hardware, providing design flexibility also in terms of Combat System.

Currently OSN offers five different configurations with a full-load displacement of, respectively, 1,500, 1,700, 2,000, 2,200, and 2,400 tons.

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Comandante Cigala Fulgosi Class

From Fincantieri
Vessel size, high performance, transport and support capability are optimized to play different roles such as: escort, support, relief, interdiction and patrol operations.

Such ships are highly handy, have excellent nautical qualities and seaworthiness, long range and are able to operate in open seas missions and to manage protracted helo operations. The vessels are built following stealth principles and are able to accommodate different Combat System versions.

From Forecast International
Mission. The ships are tasked with routine maritime policing and economic exclusion zone (EEZ) patrol.

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Design Features
... The light frigate-sized hull is topped with a superstructure featuring reduced signature characteristics, including inclined surfaces on the hull and the superstructure, and side openings (which house small service craft) masked by a mesh that deflects enemy radar.

The hull itself is slender and rather attractive, with a strongly raked bow with pronounced sheer lines. The underwater section of the bow features an underwater bulb for reduced drag and greater fuel efficiency. The aft part of the superstructure incorporates a helicopter hangar, with the associated deck forming part of the main hull. The hangar accommodates an AB-212 helicopter, which will later be replaced by an NH90. The aft section of the helicopter hangar is telescopic, provided by Canada’s Indal Technologies (ITI). It consists of three sections, with Fincantieri providing the fixed section, and ITI the two movable sections, the track, and the specialized doors. The hangars are also designed with maximum radar cross-section (RCS) suppression in mind, including a feature that allows the sliding door to be stored flat inside the hangar instead of requiring a large box, as is typical for roller-curtain doors.

The ship is powered by two GMT-Wartsila 28V26XN diesels of 8,685 shaft horsepower (shp) fitted with an exhaust cooling system to suppress infrared signature. These diesels drive two controllable-pitch propellers. The twin-engine configuration is expected to yield a top speed of about 25 knots.

Operational Characteristics
The operational experiences in the Balkan crises (Bosnia, Kosovo) and Italy’s need to monitor refugees arriving in increasing numbers from neighboring Albania and North have changed the operational concept somewhat.

Key changes to the design finalized in 1998 were made to improve the ship’s seakeeping capabilities farther out in the Mediterranean, in the Sicilian and Sardinian channels.

The larger size was adopted to boost the ships’ endurance and provide substantially more margin for growth of onboard systems. Also, the new ships provide more space to accommodate inspection teams, as well as refugees and/or survivors of disasters.

These ships are minimally armed, with the weapons suite being oriented exclusively toward the patrol function. They have no significant air defense capability (the hand-swung, unstabilized 25mm Oerlikon cannon technically have an anti-aircraft role, but this is theoretical at best). They are totally devoid of any anti-submarine or realistic anti-surface warfare capability.

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NUMC. During its gestation period, the Commandante Cigala Fulgosi patrol vessel class had frequently been referred to as NUMC (presumably for Nuova Unità Minore Combattanti, or New Minor Combatant Unit), until the class name was publicized in 1999.

To further confuse the issue, though, the same acronym has also been erroneously used on occasion to refer to the New Major Combatant Unit, which is a substantially larger frigate-sized vessel now known as the FREMM and built in collaboration with France.

Program Review
Background. The NUMC (Nuova Unità Minore Combattanti, or New Minor Combatant Unit) class program was initiated in 1995. Originally, construction of a third group of four Minerva class corvettes was planned to produce a total class of 12 ships. This program would have provided a single class of patrol ships to replace the mixed fleet of corvettes.

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A revised design based on the first proposal was presented in 1998. This featured a larger hull but less sophisticated equipment, reflecting reduced operational demands and the final elimination of the anti-ship missile armament provisions. The primary intentions were to improve the ship’s seaworthiness and extend its operating endurance. Part of the reason for enlarging the design was to provide added growth margin for possible future expansion, along with more space to accommodate inspection teams, refugees, or survivors.

Besides being built on a larger hull, which gave added seaworthiness, the new design eliminated the UAV launch/recovery capability. It relied on small- to medium-caliber guns for its self-defense and policing functions. These changes reflected the need to monitor a growing stream of refugees from both the Balkans and the North African coast. This aspect is a strong driver in the projected future mission of these ships. It means that the ships need to be capable of performing sustained and extended surveillance and patrol missions
at longer distances.

First Orders Placed. The order for the first four ships of the series was placed in February 1999. At that time, it was believed that the first-of-class would begin its sea trials in 2001, followed by the rest of the class at 6- to 12-month intervals.

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The program is funded by the Italian government for the Italian Navy.

Contracts / Orders & Options
Contractor: Fincantieri
Award: US$ 415 million
Date/Description: Feb 1999 – First batch of four units ordered.

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Discussions about all nations and places / Abu Dhabi Class Corvette
« on: October 04, 2017, 02:21:15 PM »
Abu Dhabi Class Corvette

From Fincantieri
Vessel size, high performance, transport and support capability are optimized to play different roles such as: escort, support, relief, interdiction and patrol operations.

Such ships are highly handy, have excellent nautical qualities and seaworthiness, long range and are able to operate in open seas missions and to manage protracted helo operations. The vessels are built following stealth principles and are able to accommodate different Combat System versions.

From NavyRecognition
Designed and built by Italian shipyard Fincantieri, the "Abu Dhabi class" corvette for the United Arab Emirates has been developed from the "Cigala Fulgosi" design on the basis of which four "Comandanti" class vessels were built for the Italian Navy.

The cutting edge ship will mainly carry out patrolling and surveillance activities and may be employed in antisubmarine, anti-aircraft and surface activities. It will be able to exchange tactical data in real time with other naval vessels, helicopters and on shore bases and will be able to provide support and shelter for Emirate Navy helicopters.

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Double Order from India and U.A.E. for Fincantieri | Fincantieri via - 03 August 2009
Fincantieri has gained new important orders from foreign navies: a corvette for the United Arab Emirates Navy of and a fleet tanker for the Indian Navy. The vessels, worth 250 million Euros, will be built at Fincantieri’s Italian shipyards.

The “Abu Dhabi class” design of the corvette for the U.A.E., due for delivery early 2011, has been developed from the “Cigala Fulgosi”, on the basis of which four “Comandanti” class vessels were built for the Italian Navy.

In addition to an option for a second sister ship, the contract also comprises provision to the U.A.E. Navy of logistical support and training for crew. What makes the order even more important for Italian industry is that the ship’s combat system will be supplied by Selex Sistemi Integrati, a company in the Finmeccanica group.

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-- The corvette for the U.A.E. will be 88 metres long, 12m broad and have a displacement at full load of 1,650 tonnes. The ship will be able to reach a speed of 25 knots with an endurance of over 3,000 nautical miles at 14 knots, thanks to 2 diesel engines of 7,000 kW. Accommodation will be available for a crew of approximately 70.

This cutting edge ship will mainly carry out patrolling and surveillance activities and may be employed in anti-submarine, anti-aircraft and surface activities. She will be able to exchange tactical data in real time with other naval vessels, helicopters and bases on shore and will be able to provide support and shelter for helicopters of the Emirate Navy. In addition to highly flexible operational capabilities, the vessel will also feature high standards of safety and living conditions for the comfort for the crew.

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Finmeccanica Wins Contract Worth a Total of Around 45 Million Euro for Naval Systems in the United Arab Emirates | Finmeccanica via - 03 August 2009
Finmeccanica, through its companies SELEX Sistemi Integrati, OTO Melara and WASS, has been selected by the United Arab Emirates Navy to supply it with naval and underwater systems for a new Abu Dhabi class ship.

The platform for the ship will be built by Fincantieri. The total value of the contract is around 45 million euro.

SELEX Sistemi Integrati will provide an IPN-S command and control system, an NA 30S firing control system, a KRONOS 3D radar system, a SIR-M secondary radar and a Medusa MK4B electro-optical system, with a total value of 15 million euro. The company will also be responsible for the functional integration of the combat system.

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OTO Melara will supply two 30-mm Marlin Weapons Stations, worth 2 million euro, and a stealth version of the Super Rapid 76/62 naval gun.

As the prime contractor, WASS, in partnership with Thales Underwater Systems, will build an ASW (Anti-Submarine-Warfare) system worth around 27 million euro.

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Fincantieri delivers "Abu Dhabi" ASW corvette and "Ghantut" FALAJ 2 patrol vessel to UAE Navy | NavyRecognition - 09 January 2013
The delivery ceremony of two vessels for the United Arab Emirates Navy was held today at the Fincantieri shipyard in Muggiano (La Spezia). These were an "Abu Dhabi Class" corvette, launched in February 2011, and the "Ghantut" patrol vessel, launched at the same yard in January 2012.

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Discussions about all nations and places / Re: Thales Tacticos CMS
« on: October 03, 2017, 12:09:21 PM »
TACTICOS Solutions Family
  • TRINITY - A specific, highly modular solution to provide small patrol craft and fast interceptor craft with C2 and action support. Based on a clever combination of low-cost building blocks that can be packaged into a lean yet mean combat system with sensors and machine gun(s).
  • Commander - Commander integrates sensor and open-source information to generate a sharable local, operational and strategic situation picture. It represents the next level in maritime safety mission systems. Proven system in harsh circumstances (e.g. Arctic) and ideal for both civilian and military users.
  • TACTICOS 100 - Designed to provide stable and reliable command and control capabilities for short-endurance Maritime Security Operations in littoral waters. Support is available for electro optical fi re control for a medium calibre gun (up to 40mm).
  • TACTICOS 150 - The first choice for ocean-going maritime security agencies. It provides capabilities for both littoral and high-seas operations against pirates, smugglers and terrorists. TACTICOS 150 supports long-endurance oceanic patrols and work with a variety of off-board assets including sea boats, boarding teams, helicopters and unmanned vehicles.
  • TACTICOS 300 - TACTICOS 300 provides defence and security capabilities for today’s multi-role navies. Aimed to equip any naval ship up to patrol ships with typically 4-6 operator positions. Its focus is to perform point defence tasks (guns) with support for Maritime Security Operations (MSO).
  • TACTICOS 400 - Over and above the capabilities of TACTICOS 300, the focus of TACTICOS 400 is to provide point defence with guns and missiles, plus surface to surface missile capability, supported by a full range of MSO capabilities. It is typically designed to equip surface combatants (corvettes &  frigates) with 6-12 operator positions.
  • TACTICOS 500 - The focus of TACTICOS 500 is to provide layered air defence with guns and missiles; support concurrent engagements (air, surface and subsurface). It supports a task force staff and provides coordination for area defence with typically 12-20 operator positions.
  • TACTICOS 1000 - The TACTICOS 1000 is an addon that provides the ability to perform very wide area defence against ballistic missiles.

Vietnam / Re: Vietnam's Gepard class frigate (Gepard 3.9 type)
« on: September 29, 2017, 02:39:56 PM »
Vietnam’s third Gepard frigate departs Russia on voyage home | IHS Jane's 360 - 19 September 2017

Key Points
  • The People’s Army of Vietnam Navy is on track to receive its third Gepard 3.9-class frigate in 2017
  • Platform will significantly improve the service’s anti-submarine warfare capabilities
A Russian-built Modified Gepard 3.9 (Project 11661E)-class guided-missile frigate destined for service with the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) Navy has begun its journey home.

The warship is currently being carried on board the semi-submersible heavy load carrier Rolldock Star , according to images carried by various Russian and Vietnamese media outlets since mid-September 2017.

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Picture via

Vietnam / Vietnam's Gepard class frigate (Gepard 3.9 type)
« on: September 29, 2017, 02:28:47 PM »
Gepard class frigate (Gepard 3.9 type)

From NavyRecognition
The Gepard-3.9 frigates are designated to search, trace and fight surface, underwater and air targets of the adversary, carry out escort operations, patrol and protect maritime state border and exclusive economic zone.

In 2004 Vietnam signed a deal with Russia for four Gepard Project 11661 frigates. Two were to be delivered from Russia and the other two were to be constructed in Vietnam. Rosoboronexport and Defense Ministry of Vietnam had been talking over the deal since 2003.

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In February 2006 it was reported that the Gepard project will be the first military export order for Zelenodolsk Shipyard since Soviet times. The Vietnamese had already agreed on the specifications of the ships, therefore it was thought that the contract may be signed even during the visit of the Russian officials to Vietnam.

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The first two frigates entered service with Vietnam’s navy in 2011. The second contract was signed in February 2013. Unlike the first two, the new frigates feature antisubmarine weapons and an advanced propulsion system.

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Russian shipyard built frigate for Vietnam | - 14 December 2009
Russian-made frigate Gepard 3.9 built under order of Vietnamese Navy was launched in Tatarstan. The ship developed in 2003 was constructed by shipwrights of Zelenodolsky Zavod named after A.M. Gorky, informs ITAR-TASS.

In total, Vietnamese Navy ordered two Gepard frigates; the second one will be delivered to the customer in 2010.

The length of Gepard makes 102 meters, displacement is 2,100 tonnes. The ship's crew is up to 100 men. The frigate is armed with Uran-E antiship missile system, 76.2-mm gun mount AK-176M, Palma anti-aircraft artillery system and two 30-mm gun mounts AK-630M. The heliport for Ka-28 or Ka-31 is also provided at the deck of Gepard.

Delivery contract of two frigates for Vietnamese Navy was signed in 2006.

Vietnam purchases two more Russian frigates | VietNamNet Bridge - 27 February 2014
The Russian Gorky Shipyard will build and hand over two additional Gepard-class frigates to the Vietnam People's Navy by 2017, the Itar-Tass news agency reported on February 26.

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Vietnam received two first Gepard-class frigates from Russia in 2011 under a contract signed in 2006.

It signed another contract for two more such vessels in 2013, and the manufacture is on the right track.

South Korea to order additional TA-50 trainer/light attack aircraft | IHS Jane's - 26 September 2017

South Korea’s Ministry of National Defense (MND) has announced programmes to procure additional TA-50 trainer/light attack aircraft from Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) and expand the production of a locally developed military communications system.

In a press release published on 26 September the MND said the procurement of the TA-50 – a derivative of KAI’s T-50 Golden Eagle advanced jet trainer – was necessary to meet expanding air-combat training requirements. The MND said it plans to acquire the aircraft from 2019 but did not disclose the number of platforms it intends to procure.

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Discussions about all nations and places / Re: Thai stealth frigate
« on: September 18, 2017, 01:03:45 PM »
Government of Thailand – RGM-84L Harpoon Block II Surface Launched Missiles | DSCA - 10 August 2017

WASHINGTON, Aug. 10, 2017 - The State Department has made a determination approving a possible Foreign Military Sale to the Government of Thailand for RGM-84L Harpoon Block II Surface Launched Missiles.  The estimated cost is $24.9 million.  The Defense Security Cooperation Agency delivered the required certification notifying Congress of this possible sale on August 9, 2017.
The Government of Thailand has requested the possible sale of up to five (5) RGM-84L Harpoon Block II Surface Launched Missiles and one (1) RTM-84L Harpoon Block II Exercise Missile.  Also included are containers, spare and repair parts, support and test equipment, publications and technical documentation, personnel training and training equipment, U.S. Government and contractor representatives technical assistance, engineering and logistics support services, and other related elements of logistics and program support.  The estimated cost is $24.9 million.
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The proposed sale will provide enhanced capabilities in effective defense of critical sea lines.  Thailand intends to use the missiles on its DW3000 Class Frigate.  The proposed sale of the Harpoon Block II missiles and support will increase the Royal Thai Navy’s maritime partnership potential.  Thailand has purchased Harpoon missiles previously and will have no difficulty absorbing these missiles into its armed forces.

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@Sir Manokski my assumption is that the first photo might be prior to the PG116 upgrade. Also, the hull paint scheme looks similar to that of PG110 (around 1996). and reported that PG116 was fitted with 20mm turret forward.

Undated photos (credit to owners)


From Megapaint

AFP Organization, Services, and Units / Re: BRP Teotimo Figuracion (PG-389)
« on: September 11, 2017, 01:25:26 PM »

US-Phil. Naval exercise begins; no R & R for US troops in Mindanao | MindaNews - 01 July 2012

By Bong S. Sarmiento
SARANGANI BAY (MindaNews/01 July) — An estimated 400 American Navy and Coast Guard personnel taking part in naval exercises with Filipino troops in Mindanao are not allowed to have an R & R (Rest and Recreation) during the nine-day joint training exercise that begins July 2, a Navy official said on Sunday.

Around 400  members of the  Philippine Navy (PN) and 150 personnel from the Philippine Coast Guard (PCG)  are  joining the Cooperation Afloat Readiness and Training (CARAT) 2012 exercises.

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He said  naval exercises in Mindanao would be in the seas off Maitum and Maasim in Sarangani and in Balut Island, Sarangani town in Davao del Sur and would not be visible from the shores.

The naval exercise is within the area of responsibility of the Naval Forces Eastern Mindanao Command.

Four Philippine Navy ships—corvettes BRP Magat Salamat and BRP Miguel Malvar, Salvador Abcede, and coastal patrol craft BRP Teotimo Figuracion—are taking part in CARAT 2012 while the Philippine Coast Guard is deploying the BRP Pampanga.

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Naval Forces West participates in SEACAT 2017 | Naval Forces West PN Facebook Page - 05 September 2017

In connection with Philippine Navy’s participation in the Southeast Asia Cooperation and Training (SEACAT) 2017, a naval patrol craft (PC389), a fixed-wing aircraft (NV312) and a special operations unit (NAVSOU-4) under the operational control of Naval Forces West, were involved in a scenario-driven activity in the waters east of Puerto Princesa City last Aug. 30. It is aimed at enhancing the PN's capability in its fight against global terrorism, transnational crimes, and other maritime threats in the region.

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