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Topics - Ayoshi

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31 July 2020
Pakistan Army inducts first batch of Al-Khalid-I MBTs

In a statement issued that same day, Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR), the media wing of the Pakistani military, said that several units of the tank, which is an improved variant of the in-service Al-Khalid MBT, were handed over to the PA’s Armoured Corps. The video shows at least 20 Al-Khalid-Is lined up at the ceremony.

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The Al-Khalid-I is part of a joint venture between Pakistan, China, and Ukraine, and is believed to be intended to replace approximately 300 Type 85 and 320 T-80UD MBTs. Compared with the Al-Khalid, the first units of which entered service in 2001, the upgrade is comprehensive and appears to be angled at making the design competitive with the Indian Army’s fleet of T-90S MBTs.

A screengrab from video footage provided by ISPR of the handover ceremony of the first batch of Al-Khalid-I MBTs to the PA on 28 July. (ISPR)

China / Heavy-duty Trucks in Service with PLA
« on: August 15, 2020, 04:29:08 AM »

30 July 2020
New heavy-duty trucks in service with PLA's Tibet Military District

According to Chinese news sources, Shaanxi won the bid for a third-generation heavy-duty truck procurement programme in 2017. It is understood that the truck was required to be built entirely using locally made components, as opposed to using parts made by foreign companies that have predominated in previous generations of PLAGF trucks.

The vehicle was reportedly also required to have independent suspension and an automatic transmission “as well as a modular design, allowing the base chassis to be used for a number of roles. From the available footage it appears that the trucks are built around a semi-rigid chassis with a forward control cab and a mid-body engine.

The truck has a large load tray at the rear of the chassis that extends from the rear of the second axle to the end of the chassis. The vehicles in the video were shown in a basic troop or cargo-carrying configuration.

A screengrab from CCTV 7 video footage released on 28 July showing new heavy-duty trucks (the two vehicles in the foreground) that have entered service with the PLA’s Tibet Military District. (CCTV 7)

Unmanned Vehicles / Unmanned Technologies for MBT & SPHs
« on: August 15, 2020, 04:27:22 AM »

11 August 2020
South Korea to develop unmanned technologies for K1 MBT and K9 SPHs

Key lines of research include a common remote-control architecture and remote driving as well as autonomous navigation technology. The agency will also explore mission systems that address the unique characteristics of both MBT and SPH operations, such as mobile target remote aiming and tracking technology for the former.

Concept art depicting a possible configuration for an unmanned K1 main battle tank. (KIMST)


07 July 2020
Indonesian Navy invites bids to build hangar for unmanned aviation squadron

A scan of the tender that was provided to Janes on 6 July revealed a total contract value of IDR6,224,864,000 (USD430,000) for the hangar’s design consultation, and construction. The facility will be built at Juanda in Surabaya, and it will be used primarily to store, and maintain the UAVs, and their related equipment. Juanda is also home to the TNI-AL’s naval aviation headquarters.

Companies intending to submit bids for the project must be financially solvent, be led by an experienced management team, and be able to demonstrate evidence of technical competency in building similar facilities, as stated in the tender.

Indonesia / Indonesian Iver Huitfeldt class frigates
« on: July 04, 2020, 04:18:02 AM »
Indonesia signs preamble contract for construction of two Iver Huitfedlt-class frigates | Navy Recognition - 02 July 2020
The Indonesian Ministry of Defense has signed a preliminary contract with the representative of Danish Odense Maritime Technology to supply two Iver Huitfeldt class frigates within five years at a total cost of $ 720 million.

OMT has promoted their Ivan Huitfeldt-class frigate as the basis for Indonesian’s new large frigate requirements, with the Indonesian MOD agreeing it to be the best solution among several choices considered.

The Indonesian variant is expected to have a different exterior design, subsystem layout and sensor and weapon systems fit, the basic design features are expected to be similar to the Royal Danish Navy’s variant.

Vietnam / Vietnam developed new assault rifle
« on: July 04, 2020, 03:59:32 AM »
Vietnam unveils STV-410 7.62x39mm assault rifle | Army Recognition - 02 July 2020 09:59
On its Facebook page, VietDefense reports that Factory Z111 and the General Department of Defense Industry developed a new rifle that resembles a Kalashnikov. It’s designated STV-410 7.62x39mm assault rifle. It can be considered the Vietnamese version of an AK-15.

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Some of the information is still classified and won't be available. But, as the name suggests, the barrel length of the weapon is 410mm and it fires the traditional 7.62x39mm round that has been a staple of almost all Vietnamese firearms. The optic placement in this photo isn't realistic and is likely just for show - heck most normal troops will be using the standard rifle sights anyways. It appears the weapon still has a full size stock in comparison to other newer Vietnamese guns with foldable variants.

STV-410 7.62x39mm assault rifle (Picture source: Facebook page of VietDefense)

Chinese army demonstrates rifle-size railgun prototypes | Army Recognition - 29 June 2020 07:32
Developed by the PLA Army Logistics University, the weapons, named Small Synchronous Induction Coilguns, come with pistol-size, rifle-size and land robot-mounted variants, according to a report by Chinese military news website last week. The coilguns are essentially miniaturized, portable electromagnetic railguns so they can be used by single foot soldiers, the report said. To deal with complicated battlefield situations, they can also be mounted on small land robots and conduct armed reconnaissance missions.

According to the performance demonstration video, the coilguns use bullets stored in reloadable magazines just like a conventional gun, and they also handle like one. The coilguns can easily penetrate multiple wood plates and thin steel plates at a relatively close distance. Unlike a conventional firearm that uses the ignition of gunpowder to push a bullet slug out of a gun barrel at high velocity, a coilgun or railgun uses electromagnetic force to accelerate a projectile as it travels along the gun barrel before leaving it at an even higher velocity, military observers said.

Judging from the video, the coilguns have shown a high penetration capability and did not make much sound, making them good choices for special operations like behind-enemy-line infiltration missions, a military expert who asked not to be identified told the Global Times on Sunday, June 28.

It is obvious that these weapons are still in the prototype stage, as their range and impact are not optimum, very likely due to the guns' limited battery or capacitor capacity to store and release energy, the expert said. But once this technical problem is solved, the coilguns will become much more powerful and could replace the firearms of today.


WASHINGTON — The Army has selected Bell and Sikorsky to enter into a competitive demonstration and risk reduction effort ahead of the start of the Future Long-Range Assault Aircraft, or FLRAA, program of record.

The service is on a tight timeline to field a new long-range assault aircraft by 2030. The CDRR will consist of two phases that will last roughly one year each.

The companies will deliver initial conceptual designs, an assessment of the feasibility of requirements and trade studies using model-based systems engineering. The competition for the program of record will begin in 2022 with a plan to field the first unit equipped in 2030.

Congress added $76 million in funding to the aircraft program’s top line in fiscal 2020 to drive down technical risk and speed up delivery. The money, which Congress approved as part of its FY20 appropriations bill signed into law in December, will fund the CDRR effort.

The Army completed its Joint Multi-Role Technology Demonstration, or JMR TD, for which Bell and the Sikorsky-Boeing team each built aircraft to help the service understand what is possible for a future aircraft — mainly to replace the UH-60 Black Hawk.

General Discussion / Virtual Asean Summit 2020
« on: June 18, 2020, 11:53:52 PM »

JAKARTA: Leaders of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations will virtually meet on June 26 after their annual summit was postponed from April due to the coronavirus pandemic, an Indonesian senior official said Friday.

Vietnam, which holds the rotating chairmanship of Asean this year, earlier proposed the summit be held, with the leaders in attendance, in Hanoi on June 27 and 28.

Filipino Potential / Distance Learning Program @ PHL
« on: June 18, 2020, 11:03:14 PM »

Learning while staying at home: Teachers, parents support DepEd distance learning platform

PASIG CITY, March 20, 2020–  As the entire Luzon and other parts of the country remain under enhanced community quarantine due to the COVID-19 outbreak, the Department of Education (DepEd) launched DepEd Commons, an online platform for public school teachers to support distance learning modalities.

Since its inception last Wednesday, March 17, a total of 151,749 teachers have joined the said online platform, gaining support and praise from teachers as well as parents.


DepEd launches online platform to support distance learning
Published March 18, 2020, 9:43 PM

Like other sectors, the education system is bracing for the current and future impact of the COVID-19 in the country, especially in the learning of millions of students.

< snipped >

Pascua said DepEd is “silently launching” amid the ongoing enhanced community quarantine of Luzon and more than a week after the class suspensions from the time Metro Manila was placed under community quarantine.

“We have longed for the time when suspension of classes will not in any way obstruct nor delay the education of our school children,” Pascua said. “Whenever we experience typhoons, floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and armed siege, we worry about the lost days and opportunities for the next generation’s education.”

DepEd Commons can be accessed at Pascua noted that since it is in the initial phase, the DepEd Commons is “not complete nor perfect.”

Pascua said DepEd Commons “still has many limitations” like “contents are not yet that many, evaluation and ranking have not yet been included, separate channels for teachers, parents, students, and officials have not yet been established – but the times calls for its introduction.” Despite this, he noted the the current “circumstances have forced us to make it live.”

Pascua said DepEd Commons was “designed as a direct solution” to give access to online review materials and Open Educational Resources (OERs) during class suspensions and other similar circumstances. “These supplementary online instructional materials will be used as alternative forms in the teaching-learning process which is different from the usual face-to-face encounter.”

From the teachers, for the teachers and learners

OERs in DepEd Commons, Pascua said, are authored by public school teachers who are subject experts, properly cited and acknowledged.

“Teachers can retain, reuse, revise, remix, and redistribute the content by blending it with a learning management system to deliver a distance learning modality,” he explained. Additionally, teachers are also “encouraged to make their own OERs or to improve and customize those that are already uploaded.”

Unmanned Vehicles / 3D-printed UAV
« on: June 17, 2020, 06:25:15 AM »

15 June 2020 00:00 GMT+0
Israel's first 3D-printed UAV takes to the skies

The joint programme by the MoD’s Flight Technologies Department, part of the Directorate for Defense Research and Development, and IAI has seen the production of the SkysPrinter UAV and a successful test flight in December 2019.

The electrically powered UAV was made from 26 parts printed using metal, nylon, carbon, and complex materials. These were assembled together with glue and fasteners without the need for specialised tools. SkysPrinter's body is 1.65 m-long, has a wingspan of 1.5 m, and a take-off weight of 7 kg, according to the MoD.

Neta Blum, head of the Flight Technologies Department, introduced the idea of a 3D-printed UAV system and the MoD allocated research and development resources over the past year, leading to the test flight.

Neta Blum, the head of the Israeli MoD’s Flight Technologies Department, standing next to the SkysPrinter. (Israeli MoD)

Dissent & Breakaway Regions / RoCN Future LPD ?
« on: June 14, 2020, 10:22:54 PM »

11 June 2020 00:00 GMT+0
Taiwanese shipbuilder CSBC Corporation lays keel for RoCN's first LPD

Taiwanese shipbuilder CSBC Corporation held a keel-laying ceremony on 9 June for the first of a planned class of four landing platform dock (LPD) vessels for the Republic of China Navy (RoCN).

The ceremony, which was hosted by RoCN Commander Admiral Liu Chih-pin and attended by CSBC Chairman Cheng Wen-lon, among others, was held at CSBC’s facilities in the southern Taiwanese city of Kaohsiung.

The 153 m-long amphibious ship, the construction of which began in May 2019, is being built under a TWD4.635 billion (USD156.3 million) contract awarded to CSBC in April 2018.

The vessel, which is expected to have a beam of 23 m and a full-load displacement of 10,600 tonnes, is scheduled to be handed over to the navy in April 2022.

A model of the RoCN’s future LPD was displayed at the 2018 Kaohsiung International Maritime and Defence exhibition. Taiwanese shipbuilder CSBC Corporation held a keel-laying ceremony for the vessel on 9 June 2020. (Janes/Ridzwan Rahmat)


In Coronavirus Vaccine Hunt, a Race to Be First
May 08, 2020 07:39 PM

With billions of lives and trillions of dollars depending on a vaccine for COVID-19, scientists around the world are working to create an effective and safe candidate as quickly as possible.

By some optimistic estimates, the world could see a vaccine in the coming months. Or it could take longer than 18 months. Or scientists may not be able to manufacture a vaccine at all.

If scientists succeed, there will likely be enormous advantages for whoever controls it.

Competing to be the first

"The first country to the finish line will be first to restore its economy and global influence," said Dr. Scott Gottlieb, former commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration.

He said in a recent article published in The Wall Street Journal that as initial doses will be limited, a country will focus on inoculating most of its own population first.

The priority for any country is to protect its own citizens, and governments may reserve supplies produced within their borders for their own use and stockpile doses for future outbreaks. Exports will likely be prohibited. Experts warn that even after development of a successful vaccine, it could take years to make enough of it to help other countries.

Defense Legislation / Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020 (Republic Act 11479)
« on: June 14, 2020, 09:06:06 PM »

Anti-terror bill gets final Senate nod; 2 senators vote against measure / 03:57 PM February 26, 2020

Voting 19-2, senators approved Senate Bill 1083 or the Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020 seeking to amend the Human Security Act of 2007.

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Under the measure, there are provisions introduced on penalizing those who will propose, incite, conspire, participate in the planning, training, preparation, and facilitation of a terrorist act; as well as those who will provide material support to terrorists, and recruit members in a terrorist organization.

The bill also seeks the establishment of Philippine jurisdiction over Filipino nationals who may join and fight with terrorist organizations outside the Philippines and ensure that foreign terrorists do not use the country as a transit point and as a safe haven to plan and train new recruits for terrorist attacks in other countries.

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