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Topics - Ayoshi

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1
From: The Diplomat - June 13, 2018
Quote
Much of the Taliban’s armory comes from American equipment given to the Afghan military and police.

While empowering allied militaries to confront insurgents on their own has become the cornerstone of the American approach to counterterrorism, that strategy comes with a drawback: those militaries often lose Western-supplied equipment to American-labeled terrorist organizations.

In 2014, the Islamic State captured weapons from Syrian rebels armed by the United States. In 2015, the Iranian-backed Iraqi militia Kataib Hezbollah acquired several M1 Abrams tanks sold to the Iraqi Security Forces by the U.S. This problem has spread as far as Afghanistan, where much of the Taliban’s armory comes from American equipment given to the Afghan military and police.

The insurgents’ Western-sourced arsenal includes lasers and night-vision goggles abandoned by Afghan and American soldiers and bought on the black market, doubling the number of nighttime Taliban attacks and tripling the rate of Afghan casualties between 2014 and 2017.

https://thediplomat.com/2018/06/how-the-us-is-indirectly-arming-the-taliban/

2
Discussions about all nations and places / Anti-drone systems
« on: June 16, 2018, 09:46:50 AM »
Eurosatory 2018: Anti-drone systems continue proliferation | Shephard Media - 13th June 2018 - 13:00 GMT
Quote
The proliferation of counter-unmanned aerial system (C-UAS) technology continues across Europe with multiple new solutions unveiled at Eurosatory in Paris, France.

Elbit Elisra, MBDA and Aselsan all revealed new details regarding various solutions aimed at protecting forward deployed forces from small, low and fast-moving threats.

MBDA unveiled the integration of a C-UAS capability into its Licorne C2 system which is already used to support Very Short Range Air Defence (VSHORAD) operations. The concept demonstrator comprised the integration of HGH’s Infrared tracking camera; a Sagem electro-optical camera; and Konsortium Engineering Activities System’s (KEAS’s) UAS jammer.

Detection, identification, tracking and targeting information is shared across Licorne in a command post or vehicle-mounted configuration dependent upon customer preference with company officials explaining to Shephard how the solution can also be integrated to radar solutions for extended coverage.

3
From: Janes - 15 June 2018
Quote
After being kept under wraps, the French-German KNDS Group (Krauss-Maffei Wegmann + Nexter Defense Systems) has unveiled its first joint project, the EMBT, or European Main Battle Tank. Essentially a technology demonstrator, with further development, “the EMBT is a short-term response to the operational need of the market for high-intensity battle tanks”.

The EMBT consists of the KMW Leopard 2A7 MBT platform fitted with the Nexter Leclerc MBT turret. The two elements were integrated at Nexter’s facility at Roanne, where Leclerc production was originally undertaken. Since then, the EMBT has undertaken mobility and firing trials, the latter performed in Portugal, with 22 rounds fired from the 120mm smoothbore gun.

The standard Leopard 2A7 has a three-person turret armed with a manually loaded 120mm smoothbore gun, whereas the Leclerc turret is fitted with a 120mm smoothbore gun fed by a bustle-mounted automatic loader.

The Leclerc turret is lighter and more compact, which reduces the combined weight by six tonnes.


Photo taken from janes.com

4
Food Security / Philippines unlikely to be rice self-sufficient?
« on: June 15, 2018, 11:10:15 AM »
Philippines unlikely to be rice self-sufficient: Duterte | ABS-CBN news - Jun 13 2018
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The Southeast Asian country is a frequent buyer of rice mainly from Vietnam and Thailand, usually importing more than one million tonnes of the staple grain every year to meet domestic demand and maintain stockpiles.

Agriculture Secretary Emmanuel Piñol said last year the country could produce enough rice for its own needs by 2020 with the help of free irrigation and other state measures to boost output.

"I do not believe we can be rice sufficient," Duterte said in a speech to officials of state universities at the presidential palace.

"If you'd ask me, in the next how many years, we will just have to import rice," Duterte said.

He said shrinking farmland and a growing population made it difficult to produce enough rice to meet domestic needs.

5
Directed-energy weapons / Chinese Silent Hunter laser weapon
« on: June 13, 2018, 01:49:28 AM »
China continues to market laser weapons as the Silent Hunter | Army Recognition - 01 June 2018
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China's Poly Technologies Inc continues to market its Silent Hunter laser weapon during international defense exhibition. Today, there is a increase in demand for China's tactical laser weapons on the international market from police and military forces.

< snipped >

The Silent Hunter laser weapon can intercept low-altitude, slow-speed and small aerial targets including drones. It can be used either by police for counter-terrorism or by military forces for air defense. The laser is mainly designed to intercept large numbers of low-altitude unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and is said to be able to pierce five layers of 2-mm-thick steel plates at a distance of 800m, or 5-mm-thick steel plate from 1,000m away.

Compared with traditional air defense weapons, Silent Hunter has the following characteristics: It is highly responsive; it features a high interception rate and multi-target strike capability, and can shift and aim at a new target within six seconds; it is cost-effective and consumes electricity only, with the cost of less than $1 per firing; it doesn't use ammunition, so there is no need for ammunition transportation and storage; it has small collateral damages and doesn't generate a lot of fragments.

Silent Hunter offers four power patterns: 5kW, 10kW, 20kW and 30kW, its interception radius ranges from 200m to 4,000m and the target capture radius is more than 4,000m. It is able to intercept targets with the diameter of less than 2m and flying speed of less than 60m/s.


Chinese-made Silent Hunter laser weapon mounted on military truck chassis (Picture source Army Recognition)

6
Confronting the future [ES18D3] | Janes - 13 June 2018
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The KF41 is fitted with the latest Lance 2.0 turret, armed with the Wotan 35 dual-feed cannon, which fires standard 35x228mm ammunition with a 7.62mm coaxial machine gun. A unique feature of the Lance 2.0 turret is that it has a flexible mission pod fitted either side, which allows for the installation of subsystems, including two Spike anti-tank guided weapons, non-line of sight strike loitering munitions, UAVs or an electronic warfare package.

A computerised fire control system is fitted, as are Rheinmetall’s Stabilised Electro- Optical Sight System and Acoustic Shooter Location System, and an electronic architecture and battle management system.

The basic hull is of welded steel, to which a modular armour package and internal spall liners are fitted. Survivability is enhanced by the installation of a hard kill active defence system and the Rosy multispectral 360° smoke/obscurant system.

The KF41 has a gross vehicle weight of about 44 tonnes, with a stretch potential to 50 tonnes. It is powered by a Liebherr diesel engine developing 1,140hp, coupled to a Renk fully automatic transmission, which gives a top speed of 70km/h. It has a flexible suspension system developed by Australian company Supashock.


Photo taken from janes.com

7
China Topics / China DF-41 ICBM
« on: June 13, 2018, 01:40:58 AM »
China moves closer to commissioning DF-41 ICBM after latest test launch | Janes - 12 June 2018
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Citing unnamed US defence officials the report states that the missile was launched from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in China’s northern Shanxi Province, impacting several thousand kilometres to the west in the Gobi Desert.

While the test launch has not been confirmed by official Chinese sources, a number of media outlets, including the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) English-language website, China Military Online, have reported the story by the US website.

According to Jane’s Strategic Weapons , the DF-41 (CSS-X-20) is a three-stage, solid-propellant missile that has a maximum range between 12,000 and 15,000 km. The ICBM has a payload capacity of about 2,500 kg and may carry up to 10 multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles (MIRVs), with their nuclear warheads yielding up to 150 kT. The payload may also include decoy re-entry vehicles and countermeasures.

Development may have been initiated as early as 1986 but the first test firing did not take place until July 2012. Following the previous test firing in late 2017, the state-owned Global Times newspaper reported that the DF-41 may enter service in the first half of 2018.


An undated photograph showing a suspected Chinese DF-41 ICBM being carried by a 16-wheeled transport-erector-launcher vehicle at an undisclosed location. Source: Via China Military Online

8
Equipment and Gear / US provides body armour sets to PHL Military
« on: June 11, 2018, 02:00:49 PM »
US provides 525 body armour sets to Philippine military | Janes - 11 June 2018
Quote
The US military has handed over new Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) to the Philippine Marine Special Operations Group (MARSOG) and Inshore Boat Battalion at Fort Bonifacio, in Taguig City, according to a 6 June statement by the US Embassy in Manila.

The 525 sets of ballistic vests, lightweight ballistic plates, tactical ballistic helmets, and accessories provided through the Counterterrorism Train and Equip Program are valued at PhP178 million (USD3.4 million).


Members of the Philippine Marine Corps conduct inventory of the 525 sets of body armour provided by the US military in late May. (Via US Embassy in the Philippines)

9
Thai company Chaiseri showcases new tracks for tanks and APCs | Army Recognition - 11 June 2018
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Chaiseri remains very successful in marketing new tracks for an impressively wide range of old vehicles, be it Western APCs or Leopard 1 tanks, for instance. They also completely refurbish some kinds of old wheeled vehicles like the Ford M151 “Mutt” of the Vietnam war era, which are still numerous in the region.


Chaiseri not only replaces but also improves the shape of the track shoes for many different APCs, IFVs and MBTs (Picture source: Army Recognition)

10
Vietnam / Vietnam submarine rescue vessel
« on: June 08, 2018, 01:52:22 AM »
Vietnam begins work on first submarine rescue vessel | Janes - 07 June 2018
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Vietnam’s state-owned Z189 shipyard has begun assembly work on the first submarine rescue vessel for the People's Army of Vietnam Navy (PAVN).

A keel-laying ceremony for the ship, known as MSSARS 9316 (multipurpose submarine search-and-rescue ship 9316), was held on 24 May at Z189’s facilities in the northern coastal city of Haiphong, said the shipyard in a statement.

The 93 m-long and 16 m-wide vessel, will have a displacement of 4,000 tons and feature a helipad as well as a “robust dynamic positioning system and various other features” to make sure the ship can function unhindered in harsh weather conditions, such 9–12 force winds and waves as high as 14 m, according to a report by the Viet Nam News website.

Aside from its main role as a submarine rescue vessel, MSSARS 9316 will also be capable of conducting underwater surveying, seafloor mapping, and will serve as an ocean research vessel, said the report, adding that the construction of the ship is expected to take 27 months.

According to the report, Z189 is building MSSARS 9316 in co-operation with Dutch shipbuilder Damen Shipyards.


Vietnam’s state-owned Z189 shipyard has begun work on the first submarine rescue vessel (similar to the one pictured) for the PAVN. Source: Via 189shipbuilding.com.vn

11
Information Technology & Cyber Security / A.I Revolution
« on: May 26, 2018, 10:48:28 PM »
Singapore Prepares for the AI Revolution | The Diplomat - May 25, 2018
Quote
While AI will destroy some types of jobs, it will also create new ones — Singapore aims to be ready.

Quote
As global interest in artificial intelligence (AI) grows, Singapore wants to establish itself as a global hotspot for AI research and entrepreneurship. The city-state’s leaders see a big opportunity to leverage AI to grow their economy and improve the lives of their citizens. They are working actively to ensure that all Singaporeans — including those whose jobs are at the greatest risk of automation — are prepared for an AI-driven future.

The stakes are high. Across industries and job categories, AI threatens to displace workers on a massive scale. Routine jobs that require basic skills are at greatest risk of automation, but AI is also encroaching on professions that require advanced degrees and years of experience. In finance, for example, automation could displace millions of professionals globally across banking, investment management, and insurance. 

Yet while AI will alter and destroy some types of jobs, it will also create new ones, enhance others, and power tools that boost workforce resilience. Some countries will reap huge rewards from these changes, but others face the risk of widespread unemployment and rising inequality.

https://thediplomat.com/2018/05/singapore-prepares-for-the-ai-revolution/

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See also: BPO industry advised to get skills upgrade amid AI advancement

12
Malaysia / Malaysian Election (2018)
« on: May 26, 2018, 10:34:40 PM »
Malaysia election: What just happened? | BBC - 11 May 2018
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A first time change
Malaysia has been ruled by the same coalition of parties - the Barisan Nasional - since it stopped being a British colony in 1957.

Although its popularity had been declining, most people believed Prime Minister Najib Razak was going to lead it to yet another win.

But the official count showed it didn't win enough seats in parliament to claim victory, a shock to most observers.

Why did they get voted out?
As ever, it's mostly the economy. The cost of living has gone up a lot and the government brought in a new tax on goods and services - never a popular move.

< snipped >

That's where Mahathir Mohamad comes in
He's been prime minister before, as leader of the BN. For 22 years in fact, from 1981 until he stood down in 2003. He was also something of a mentor to Mr Najib.

But two years ago he shocked everyone by saying he was so "embarrassed" by the corruption allegations that he was leaving his old party and would join the opposition, the Pakatan Harapan (Alliance of Hope).

=====

China-Malaysia Relations and the Malaysian Election | The Diplomat - May 08, 2018

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In this election, Sino-Malaysian relations have become a point of dispute between the opposing parties. This is rather unusual, as foreign policy issues, let alone Malaysia’s bilateral ties with China, were seldom mentioned in previous elections. Indeed, growing domestic contestation within Malaysia prior to GE14 has brought to the surface problems associated with Malaysia’s increasing economic closeness to China.

That China-Malaysia relations have become a contentious issue in GE14 is somewhat surprising, as it has long been recognized within and outside of Malaysia that both countries share a close and special relationship. Such positive ties began in 1974, when Malaysia became the first state in Southeast Asia to normalize ties with China. In the late 1980s, then-Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad started to promote closer economic cooperation between China and Malaysia. Presently, Malaysia is China’s largest trading partner among Southeast Asian states. China is also the largest source of foreign direct investment for Malaysia. Under Najib, Malaysia has deepened economic ties with China.

Ever since relations were elevated to the level of a comprehensive strategic partnership, Malaysia has been a key partner in China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). This initiative has been dubbed a game changer for Malaysia’s infrastructural and economic development. China and Malaysia have also expanded cooperation in education, sociocultural exchanges, and gradually, in security as well, though these areas of engagement are dwarfed by the economic dimension of bilateral relations.

https://thediplomat.com/2018/05/china-malaysia-relations-and-the-malaysian-election/

13
From: asiasentinel.com
Quote
Brunei Finally Gets its Gunboats

January 17, 2011

By: Our Correspondent

The Sultanate of Brunei this week took delivery of two 80-meter Darussalam-class offshore patrol vessels, with a third on the way, 14 years after the sultanate went looking for warships to replace its now 30-year-old Waspada-class missile gunboats.

It was also several years after the Royal Brunei Navy bit off more than it could chew. The sultanate originally ordered three 95-meter-long Nakhoda Ragam-class corvettes, built by BAE Systems of the UK, before cancelling the purchase ostensibly because they failed to meet technical specifications. Brunei was forced to settle a confidential contract dispute over the vessels in the International Court of Arbitration in June 2006.

The three corvettes were eventually paid for by Brunei, which in turn authorized the German luxury yacht builder Fr. Lürssen Werft GmbH & Co. KG to try to sell them on as part of the deal to acquire the three smaller and less sophisticated patrol boats. The corvettes were subsequently sold to Algeria in 2008 at an undisclosed price, but believed to be well below their original ₤600 million (US$1.71 billion at 2007 exchange rates) cost to Brunei.

The first two are due to sail from Germany in May, with the third to be delivered in August, according to a release by the public relations department of the Royal Brunei Navy, and will be sailed by a fully Brunei crew. The ageing Waspada missile gunboats have been sold to Indonesia.

Although Brunei has only 66 miles of coastline, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah’s decision to acquire the powerful Nakhoda Ragam-class corvettes was thought to be driven by a desire to beef up the country’s naval power in an effort to secure offshore claims challenged directly by Malaysia and indirectly by China.

The three corvettes originally ordered were sufficiently well armed enough to give at least pause for thought to Malaysia in the event a maritime boundary dispute moved from the diplomatic phase into a more direct confrontation. The Nakhoda Ragam-class warships, armed with Exocet anti-ship missiles, a Seawolf point defense missile system, an Oto Melara 76/62 Super Rapid gun and two sets of triple torpedo tubes, were a match for any Malaysian navy vessels then afloat, offering Brunei the means to seek negotiation rather than capitulation in the event of a crisis over its offshore claims.

Brunei’s principal territorial claim in the South China Sea is the Louisa Reef, some 120 miles off Kuala Belait. Brunei made the claim in 1984 in an apparent attempt to forestall any moves to challenge its rights to its offshore oil fields in the South China Sea, which produce an average about 143,000 barrels of crude per day. Malaysia contests this claim, but has not pressed in recent years.


KDB Darulaman OPV-08 became the third ship of the Darussalam-class in 2011 when commissioned for service as part of the Royal Brunei Navy. Photo taken from militaryfactory.com

14
Discussions about all nations and places / MOWAG Piranha APC
« on: May 19, 2018, 06:36:46 PM »
From: military-today.com

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The MOWAG Piranha is perhaps the most diverse of all vehicles in the wheeled APC/IFV category for not only is it produced in 4x4, 6x6, 8x8 and 10x10 forms but it is also license-produced in at least three countries and has been manufactured to suit a whole host of armored vehicles roles and requirements.

   Close derivatives such as the Light Armored Vehicle (LAV) and Canadian Bison are based directly on the MOWAG Piranha which was originally developed as a private venture in Switzerland during the early 1970s. Since then the type has sold widely to about 11 countries with sales from some of the license-producers (Canada (General Motors), Chile (FAMAE) and the United Kingdom (GKN Defence)) adding to that total. Well over 2 700 Piranhas of all types have been manufactured in Switzerland alone.

   The Swiss Army purchased 6x6 and 8x8 examples as have many others, although the 4x4 models have had only relatively limited sales success.

   All configurations follow a common outline and there are many components shared by all models. The well-shaped steel hull has the engine well forward next to the driver while the main troop compartment is to the rear. The Piranha was designed as a state-of-the-art wheeled armored vehicle, capable of operating in terrain conditions, that would stop many existing wheeled armored vehicles.


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The MOWAG Piranha comes with a wide choice of turrets and weapon stations. Photos taken from military-today.com


15
Videos & Images / AFP Promotional, Tribute & Recruitment videos
« on: May 14, 2018, 01:56:34 PM »
video credits to owner

Philippine Military Academy Recruitment Video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qfp_ydt3-Go


Philippine Military Academy Recruitment Video 2016 "Dare to Lead"
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=544XkP5znUs

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