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Topics - Ayoshi

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Politics and Government / The Return of Erap
« on: February 19, 2018, 05:05:56 PM »
From: ABS-CBN news
Career Timeline

1954, Entertainment: Estrada started his acting career with the film Kandelerong Pilak (Silver Candlesticks), a Lamberto Avellana 1954 classic for LVN Pictures. From then on, he starred as a lead actor in more than 100 films, more than half of which he produced himself. In his 33 years in the entertainment industry, he received five Best Actor Awards from Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences and was was placed in the FAMAS Hall of Fame twice—in 1981 and in 1984.

1968-1986, Local Politics: Estrada ran for Mayor of San Juan in 1968 but lost to Dr. Braulio Sto. Domingo because of his apparent lack of political experience. After filing an electoral protest against Sto. Domingo, Estrada was proclaimed mayor in 1969. He served for 16 continuous years.

1987, Legislative: He won as senator under the party Grand Alliance for Democracy (GAD) party, placing 16th out of the 24 winners. As senator, he voted to terminate the RP-US Military Bases Agreement, which led to the historic withdrawal of American servicemen from the Clark Air Base in Pampanga and the Subic Naval Base in Zambales.

1992-1998, Vice President: Estrada agreed to be the running mate of business tycoon Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr. under the Nationalist People’s Coalition Party (NPC). He won, while Cojuangco lost to Fidel Ramos. During his stint as vice president, Estrada organized the Citizens Movement for Justice, Economy, Environment and Peace (JEEP) and chaired the Presidential Anti-Crime Commission (PACC). He was also a member of the National Security Council.

1998-2001, President: Estrada won the 1998 presidential race by landslide—11 million votes, the biggest number registered for a single candidate in Philippine election history. As president, he declared an “all out war” against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front in Mindanao and captured its quarters and other camps. He also ordered the cleansing of the military and the police, and undertook a low-cost national housing program for the poor.

Not even halfway through Estrada’s 6-year term, allegations that Estrada committed plunder and engaged in corruption led to an impeachment trial in the Senate by late-2000. The case focused on allegations that Estrada received some P545 million from jueteng, an illegal numbers game; misappropriated some P130 million collection of tobacco sin taxes; profitted some P189.7 million from the share sale of Bell Corp, a real estate firm owned by his friend, and; owned a P3.2 billion funds in the fictitious Jose Velarde bank account in Equitable-PCI Bank.

When his allies in the Senate voted not to open his bank accounts, protesters trooped to the streets to call for him to step down from his office. Days into the EDSA II people power revolution, and after key cabinet and military officials resigned, he stepped down. The impeachment court did not convene anymore, but the cases were pursued in the anti-graft court. He was arrested in October 2001 and was detained at the Veterans Memorial Medical Center, Camp Capinpin in Tanay. He was eventually transferred to his Tanay rest house where he was on house arrest.

2007: After a lengthy trial at the Sandiganbayan, the anti-graft court ruled that Estrada was not guilty of perjury, but was guilty of plunder. He was sentenced to lifetime imprisonment. All his co-accused were acquitted. A month after, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo granted him a presidential pardon. He was 70.

Reservist Affairs / First transgender lawmaker joins AFP as reservist
« on: February 16, 2018, 02:07:53 AM »
First transgender lawmaker joins AFP as reservist | ABS-CBN news - Feb 15 2018
Bataan Rep. Geraldine Roman on Wednesday took her oath as a reservist officer of the Philippine military and was donned the rank of lieutenant colonel.

< snipped >

Defense chief Delfin Lorenzana administered the donning of ranks and oath-taking ceremony which was also attended by AFP chief of staff, Gen. Rey Leonardo Guerrero and other defense and security officials.

Roman also called for the restoration of the mandatory Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) for students in grades 11 and 12.

Bataan Rep. Geraldine Roman is the first transgender member of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). Photo courtesy of the AFP

China Topics / Chinese missile interception technology
« on: February 14, 2018, 11:07:21 AM »
China: interception of missile outside Earth’s atmosphere | Army Recognition - 14 February 2018
On 13 February, the Chinese ministry of Defense claimed a mid-course ground-based missile interception test within its own territory had been successfully achieved on 5 February. Interestingly, on the same day, India test fired its short-range nuclear-capable Agni-1 ballistic missile.

The Chinese test of interception technology was conducted within China’s territory (without any further detail) and achieved the “preset goal”, China’s Ministry of National Defense said. The test is defensive and does not target any country, China’s state-run Xinhua news agency reported. Many believe China was testing its SC-19 missile, not excluding it could be the HQ-19, the somewhat equivalent to the US THAAD. Both the HQ-19 and the THAAD intercept missiles during their terminal phase rather than during their midcourse phase.

The SC-19 is a derivative of the HQ-19 that combines portions of the latter missile with the significantly larger rocket motor from the Kaituozhe-1 space launch vehicle. The confusion between HQ-19 and SC-19 tests points to a larger question of whether China is actually testing a ground-based ballistic-missile defense system or rather an antisatellite (ASAT) weapon.

The SC-19 was most famously used as the payload booster in 2007 when Beijing destroyed a weather satellite in orbit, sparking an international firestorm over the resulting space debris. Since then the system has repeatedly been tested for what China claims is ballistic-missile defense purposes. For instance, China is believed to have used the SC-19 during missile-defense tests in 2010 and 2013.

The 5 February 2018 test comes amid months of international tension over North Korea’s nuclear weapons and missiles programme, and Beijing’s firm opposition to the deployment of US interceptor missiles, the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD). China apprehends that the powerful radars of the THAAD missiles can monitor the movement of its missiles in the country and look deep into Chinese territory, which threatens its own security.

Launch of an HQ-19 missile (Picture source: Chinese MoD)

Discussions about all nations and places / All-electric warships
« on: February 14, 2018, 10:34:48 AM »
Finger on the pulse: Engineering the high-energy warship | Janes - 14 February 2018
Electric propulsion is increasingly the preferred choice for naval surface combatants and auxiliary vessels, and much attention is therefore being focused on the promise of a new generation of all-electric warships able to support high rates of electrical power generation, distribution, and consumption. Adoption of integrated electric power and propulsion systems for the UK Royal Navy’s Type 45 air defence destroyers and the US Navy’s (USN’s) DDG 1000 Zumwalt-class destroyers can be considered the first steps along this path, with the ultimate aspiration to develop high-power ship architectures that can harness the potential of the ‘engine as a weapon’.

Recent years have seen a rise in the adoption of combined diesel electric and gas turbine (CODLAG) and combined diesel electric or gas turbine gas (CODLOG) mechanical-electrical hybrid propulsion systems. This trend towards partial electric propulsion, and the introduction of single boost gas turbines, allows a reduction in the number of installed prime movers – and hence reductions in fuel consumption and maintenance costs – without compromising survivability and redundancy.

EOIR Special Report: Asian armies sensitive to vehicle EO/IR needs | shephardmedia - 12th February 2018
Following North America, the region is anticipated to be the fastest growing market for such technology, spending up to $38.9 billion collectively on enhanced ISR capabilities over the next decade.

Countries such as China, Indonesia and Singapore have embarked on efforts to increase their defence spending and invest in modernising their military capabilities.

In particular, programmes to upgrade legacy armoured vehicles with advanced EO/IR systems have been common as armies strive to improve the accuracy of long-range missile systems and boost reconnaissance abilities.

The changing nature of the threat faced by militaries in Asia-Pacific has spawned new requirements, in particular advanced EO/IR cameras fitted to armoured vehicles and light, highly mobile vehicles, such as the Singapore Army’s Spider Light Strike Vehicle, produced by ST Kinetics.

From: - 08 Dec 2011
Iran shows off captured US drone

Iran triumphantly displayed one of America’s most advanced intelligence-gathering aircraft on Thursday after a spy drone crashed on its territory, leading Russia and China to ask to inspect its technology.

The RQ-170 Sentinel, supposedly the CIA’s unseen “eye in the sky”, capable of beaming back a trove of imagery and electronic intercepts, was broadcast on Iranian state television.

The aircraft was shown beneath an Iranian flag, apparently intact after crashing 140 miles inside the country last Sunday. State television claimed that an electronic attack had forced it down by overriding flight systems. American officials acknowledged the loss of the aircraft, but said it was more likely the drone had simply crashed.

Russia and China immediately seized their chance to gain a unique insight into one of the world’s most powerful intelligence assets, asking Iran for permission to inspect the drone. Surveillance flights over Iran by CIA-operated aircraft of this kind have been taking place for several years, using bases in neighbouring Afghanistan. Iran’s nuclear installations are believed to be the prime target.

The Sentinel, which entered service in 2009, is capable of both intercepting communications and gathering images. No Sentinels are known to have been lost before. Unlike other drones used by the CIA, notably the Predator and the Reaper, the Sentinel carries no weapons and its sole purpose is reconnaissance.

Submarines and ASW / South Korea's MPA requirement
« on: February 12, 2018, 04:02:48 AM »
Singapore Airshow 2018: Boeing and Saab position for South Korea’s MPA requirement | Janes - 09 February 2018
Speaking at the Singapore Airshow 2018, company officials said they were engaged with South Korea over the requirement and that they planned to offer proposals to win the contract. Boeing will offer its P-8 Poseidon MPA while Saab will propose its Swordfish MPA.

On 7 February, South Korea’s military procurement agency, the Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA), announced that it was planning to launch the MPA procurement programme in direct response to North Korea’s growing emphasis on developing and deploying submarines equipped with ballistic missiles.

DAPA said in a press release that it plans to procure the MPA from a foreign supplier in light of several factors, including a lack of indigenous capability in producing such aircraft, the required timing of the requirement, and economic efficiencies.

South Korea's MPA requirement will see Saab's Swordfish MPA compete against Boeing's P-8 Poseidon. Source: Source: Saab

Discussions about all nations and places / Airbus H145M helicopter
« on: February 12, 2018, 03:31:54 AM »
The H145M is an economical and versatile military helicopter covering the entire spectrum of military missions, from light utility to light attack. The H145M delivers the reliability and low operating costs of Airbus’ multi-role H145, which is a rotorcraft of reference for law enforcement organisations and military services – including the US Army, with its UH-72A Lakota version.


Discussions about all nations and places / Canada's Arms Export Regulation
« on: February 10, 2018, 11:58:50 AM »
Canada pledges tighter arms export regulation | Janes - 09 February 2018
In her speech, Freeland set out a more rigorous approach to export approvals now being pursued by the government.

The move follows criticism of Canada’s planned accession to the international Arms Trade Treaty, announced in April 2017, as an inadequate response to rising concerns about the compatibility of its substantial international defence trade with its stated foreign policy.

Canada says will clamp down on arms exports amid rights concerns | Reuters
Freeland told legislators that Canada would not allow the export of a weapon “if there were a substantial risk that it could be used to commit human rights violations.”

She made her remarks a day after Ottawa said it was reviewing the sale of 16 helicopters to the Philippines amid concerns the aircraft could be used to fight rebels.

< snipped >

A Canadian government source estimated that the clamp down could shave three percent off annual sales. Foreign ministry figures for 2016 show Canada exported military goods and technology worth C$718 million ($570.20 million).

According to data compiled by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Canada placed 15th on the list of arms exporters in the period from 2012-2016, accounting for 0.9 percent of global sales. The United States was first with 33 percent and Russia second with 23 percent.

In 2016, Canada’s Liberal government was criticized for deciding to honor a contract to sell light armored vehicles to Saudi Arabia, despite concerns about human rights.

Directed-energy weapons / China’s Secretive Electromagnetic Railgun
« on: February 03, 2018, 03:54:52 AM »
Is China's PLAN About to Test a Railgun at Sea ? | Navy Recognition - 31 January 2018
Ship spotters from China released several pictures of what appears to be an electromagnetic (EM) railgun. The pictures released on January 31st show the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN or Chinese Navy) Type 072 III landing ship Haiyangshan (hull number 936) fitted with the suspected railgun at its bow and several ISO containers amidship.

At least three containers seem to be placed on the landing ship, likely for power supply and control. The shape of the turret itself is in line with what a railgun turret could look like. The shape of the barrel itself shares some similarities with BAE Systems' railgun (in its turreted variant) with a large diameter on one half and a smaller diameter on the second half.

Type 072 III landing ship Haiyangshan fitted with what appears to be a railgun and several containers

Chinese ship spotter picture showing the PLAN Type 072 III landing ship fitted with a large turret which could be a railgun

Chinese ship spotter guestimation on the nature of the various elements fitted aboard Type 072 III landing ship Haiyangshan (translation by Navy Recogintion).

All photos taken from

Indonesia / TNI-AL KCR-60M fast attack craft
« on: February 01, 2018, 09:48:09 AM »

KCR-60M Kapal Cepat Rudal (KCR – Fast Missile Boat)

One major indigenous program is the Kapal Cepat Rudal (KCR – Fast Missile Boat) program, consisting of three designs, the 40m KCR-40 built by PT Palindo, the 60m KCR-60 built by PT PAL and the 63m Stealth Trimaran KCR built by PT Lundin. Both the KCR 40 and KCR 60 designs carry the Chinese C-705 missile, with Indonesia having discussed with China licensed manufacturing the C-705 for domestic use. A target of 14 KCRs by 2014 and 44 by 2024 to meet the 2008 - Minimum Essential Force (MEF) had been set. The KCR 60 m has the ability to operate in high motion, agile and capable of firing positions in conducting avoidance of the opponent's counter-attack.

Construction of KCR 60 M is based on the letter of purchase agreement number: KTR/1060/02-48/XII/2011/Disadal No. The construction of M000273, W000274 and W000275 between PT PAL Indonesia (Persero) and TNI-AL represented by the Office of Procurement Mabesal (Disadal), built on the basis of class BKI. The first ship was scheduled to be delivered at the end of December 2013, the second ship would be delivered in March 2014, while the 3rd boat will be delivered in June 2014.




All Images taken from

Meltdown and Spectre

Vulnerabilities in modern computers leak passwords and sensitive data.

Meltdown and Spectre exploit critical vulnerabilities in modern processors. These hardware vulnerabilities allow programs to steal data which is currently processed on the computer. While programs are typically not permitted to read data from other programs, a malicious program can exploit Meltdown and Spectre to get hold of secrets stored in the memory of other running programs. This might include your passwords stored in a password manager or browser, your personal photos, emails, instant messages and even business-critical documents.

Meltdown and Spectre work on personal computers, mobile devices, and in the cloud. Depending on the cloud provider's infrastructure, it might be possible to steal data from other customers.

Meltdown and Spectre: Is your PC vulnerable? |

Thailand and China finalising plans for joint maintenance facility | Janes - 30 January 2018
The proposed facility would be positioned to support the Royal Thai Army’s (RTA’s) expanding fleets of Chinese platforms, including VT-4 main battle tanks (MBTs) and 8x8 VN-1 armoured personnel carriers, both produced by China North Industries Corporation (Norinco).

Speaking following public trials of the VT-4 MBT, which were held on 26 January at the RTA’s Adisorn Military Camp in Saraburi, RTA chief General Chalermchai Sitthisart said in comments reported by local media that the governments of China and Thailand were finalising plans for the MRO centre.

Gen Chalermchai said the new facility would support collaboration on repairing and maintaining the VT-4s and other military vehicles in both Thailand and potentially the wider region. The MRO centre would also enable localised production as well as repair and maintenance of related components and subsystems.

Gen Chalermchai added that VT-4 MBT procurement, costed at about USD200 million, was attractive for the RTA because the Chinese systems were less expensive than Western equivalents and that the programme is supported through technology transfers.

Submarines and ASW / Sonar Training Facility
« on: January 29, 2018, 06:05:52 AM »
New RN sonar training facility opens | Janes - 26 January 2018
A new submarine sonar training facility has opened at HM Naval Base Clyde, Faslane, to deliver realistic training for Royal Navy (RN) submariners operating the Thales Sonar 2076 submarine active/passive integrated sonar system.

The Thales-supplied trainer, known as the Rapidly Reconfigurable Training Technology (RRTT) system, has been designed to provide high-fidelity hands-on training to sonar operators. Training is delivered by RN instructors.

Sonar 2076 is fitted to the RN’s three remaining Trafalgar-class nuclear-powered attack submarines (SSNs) and the new Astute-class SSN. An evolved variant of the system will equip the next-generation Dreadnought nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines.

Stealth / Iran's Qaher F-313 "state-of-art stealth fighter jet"
« on: January 28, 2018, 11:56:32 AM »
From: The Aviationist - Apr 15 2017
Footage and photographs showing a new prototype (marked “08”) of the famous Qaher F-313 stealth fighter jet have just emerged as Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani participated Saturday in an exhibition displaying the achievements that the Defense Ministry Brigadier General Hossein Dehqan gained during the past two years.

Indeed, an “upgraded version” of the “faux stealth fighter” can be observed performing taxi tests. The aircraft appears to be slightly different from the one unveiled on Feb. 2, 2013, that was nothing more than a poorly designed mock-up that would never fly unless it was extensively modified and heavily improved.

The new prototype (via

Iran made fighter plane Qaher F 313 taxi test

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