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Messages - Ayoshi

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1
China Topics / Re: XAC (Xian) H-6 Badger strategic bomber
« on: May 19, 2018, 08:08:41 PM »
Show of force? China lands bombers on South China Sea airfield | Defense news
Quote
In a media release, the Chinese Ministry of National Defense said several bombers of various types, including the improved Xian H-6K, carried out landing and take offs at an island airfield following simulated strikes on targets at sea.

Video released by the ministry showed the bombers from the 36th Bomber Division of the People’s Liberation Army Air Force or PLAAF carrying out touch and go landings as well as missed approaches on the airfield. Based on the runway orientation and other infrastructure seen in the video, Defense News has verified that airfield is at Woody Island in the Paracels chain, and not the airfields China has built on the reclaimed islands in the disputed Spratly Islands further south.

The 36th Bomber Division is assigned to the Northern Theater Command and is based at airfields in northern Shaanxi Province although the ministry said that the aircraft operated out of an airfield in southern China for this exercise. The division’s home bases are approximately 1,200 miles from Woody Island, within the reported 2,200-mile combat radius of the H-6K.

The H-6K is an upgraded variant of the H-6, which is itself originally a Chinese-built version of the 1950s-era Soviet Tupolev Tu-16 Badger. The H-6K has been re-engined with Chinese-built versions of the Russian D-30KP low-bypass turbofans and improved avionics that include a new indigenously-developed radar and is used primarily as a cruise missile carrier in PLAAF service, utilizing the KD-20 or KD-63 cruise missiles on six wing hardpoints.

< snipped >

The new variant, known as the H-6N, will be an improved H-6K fitted with air-to-air refuelling capability. Flight tests of the H-6N are currently said to be in progress, with unverified photos posted on the Chinese internet showing prototype aircraft in flight. Taken together, an air-refuellable bomber and a nuclear capable air-launched ballistic missile will significantly improve China’s modest nuclear capability, which is built around a retaliatory doctrine backed by a longstanding pledge of no-first-use.

2
General Discussion / Re: China’s New Spratly Island Defenses
« on: May 19, 2018, 08:08:12 PM »
Vietnam asks China to withdraw military equipment from South China Sea | Reuters - MAY 8, 2018
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HANOI (Reuters) - Vietnam has asked China to withdraw military equipment from the South China Sea, following media reports this month that China had installed missiles there.

“Vietnam requests that China, as a large country, shows its responsibility in maintaining peace and stability in the East Sea,” Vietnamese foreign ministry spokeswoman Le Thi Thu Hang said in a Tuesday statement, referring to the South China Sea.

U.S. news network CNBC reported this month that China had installed anti-ship cruise missiles and surface-to-air missile systems on three of its outposts in the South China Sea, citing sources with direct knowledge of U.S. intelligence reports.

3
Bahrain cleared to buy 3,200 US bomb bodies for its F-16 fighters | Defense news
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The U.S. would provide from its own stocks the bodies of 1,500 MK-82 500-pound general purpose bombs; 600 MK-83 1,000-pound bombs; 600 MK-84 2,000-pound bombs, and 500 BLU-109 2,000-pound penetrator warhead bombs, according to a Defense Security Cooperation Agency announcement Friday.

The sale could be worth as much as $45 million, but DSCA notifications do not represent final sales. If cleared by the Senate, the potential sale enters negotiations, meaning dollar totals and quantities can change.

The U.S. considers Bahrain, a major non-NATO ally, an important partner in the Mideast. The purchase of these munitions will bolster the Royal Bahraini Air Force’s ability to conduct and sustain air operations with its F-16 combat aircraft.

Bahrain will use these munitions to deter regional threats, strengthen its homeland defense and execute counter-terrorism operations, according to the announcement.

The announcement also says there will be no adverse impact to U.S. readiness or the balance of military balance in the region.

4
Royal Brunei Navy Darussalam Class OPVs fired their MM40 block II missiles during RIMPAC 2014 | Navy Recognition - 18 July 2014
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For the first time, Royal Brunei Navy Darussalam class offshore patrol vessels, KDB Darussalam and KDB Darulaman fired their MBDA built Exocet MM40 block II anti-ship missiles in the pacific missile range facility (PMRF), 80 nautical miles north of Kaua’i Island as part of the RIMPAC 2014 naval exercise organized by the U.S. Navy.

< snipped >

Officers and crew have worked tirelessly to meet all the requirements as well as making sure the ship remains at the highest state of maintenance. They have proven themselves they could deal with these evolutions and by completing the exercise; KDB Darussalam & KDB Darulehsan adds another significant accomplishment in its operational capability and marks another major milestone for the Royal Brunei Navy.


Royal Brunei Navy Darussalam class offshore patrol vessel KDB Darussalam
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MBDA MM40 Block II anti-ship missile launched from KDB Darulaman
Photos taken from navyrecognition.com

5
From: asiasentinel.com
Quote
Brunei Finally Gets its Gunboats

January 17, 2011

By: Our Correspondent

The Sultanate of Brunei this week took delivery of two 80-meter Darussalam-class offshore patrol vessels, with a third on the way, 14 years after the sultanate went looking for warships to replace its now 30-year-old Waspada-class missile gunboats.

It was also several years after the Royal Brunei Navy bit off more than it could chew. The sultanate originally ordered three 95-meter-long Nakhoda Ragam-class corvettes, built by BAE Systems of the UK, before cancelling the purchase ostensibly because they failed to meet technical specifications. Brunei was forced to settle a confidential contract dispute over the vessels in the International Court of Arbitration in June 2006.

The three corvettes were eventually paid for by Brunei, which in turn authorized the German luxury yacht builder Fr. Lürssen Werft GmbH & Co. KG to try to sell them on as part of the deal to acquire the three smaller and less sophisticated patrol boats. The corvettes were subsequently sold to Algeria in 2008 at an undisclosed price, but believed to be well below their original ₤600 million (US$1.71 billion at 2007 exchange rates) cost to Brunei.

The first two are due to sail from Germany in May, with the third to be delivered in August, according to a release by the public relations department of the Royal Brunei Navy, and will be sailed by a fully Brunei crew. The ageing Waspada missile gunboats have been sold to Indonesia.

Although Brunei has only 66 miles of coastline, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah’s decision to acquire the powerful Nakhoda Ragam-class corvettes was thought to be driven by a desire to beef up the country’s naval power in an effort to secure offshore claims challenged directly by Malaysia and indirectly by China.

The three corvettes originally ordered were sufficiently well armed enough to give at least pause for thought to Malaysia in the event a maritime boundary dispute moved from the diplomatic phase into a more direct confrontation. The Nakhoda Ragam-class warships, armed with Exocet anti-ship missiles, a Seawolf point defense missile system, an Oto Melara 76/62 Super Rapid gun and two sets of triple torpedo tubes, were a match for any Malaysian navy vessels then afloat, offering Brunei the means to seek negotiation rather than capitulation in the event of a crisis over its offshore claims.

Brunei’s principal territorial claim in the South China Sea is the Louisa Reef, some 120 miles off Kuala Belait. Brunei made the claim in 1984 in an apparent attempt to forestall any moves to challenge its rights to its offshore oil fields in the South China Sea, which produce an average about 143,000 barrels of crude per day. Malaysia contests this claim, but has not pressed in recent years.


KDB Darulaman OPV-08 became the third ship of the Darussalam-class in 2011 when commissioned for service as part of the Royal Brunei Navy. Photo taken from militaryfactory.com

6
Singapore Navy opts for partial helicopter capability across Independence class | Janes - 17 May 2018
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Key Points
* Only four of the eight littoral mission vessels to be operated by the Republic of Singapore Navy are helicopter capable
* Service will likely validate the utility of helicopter operations on the vessel type before expanding on this capability across the class

A series of observations and verifications done by Jane’s over the last six months have confirmed that only four of the eight Independence-class littoral mission vessels (LMVs) to be operated by the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) are helicopter capable.

The LMV is an ST Marine-built 80 m vessel type that is progressively replacing the RSN’s fleet of Fearless-class patrol boats. The class’ armaments include an Oto Melara 76/62 Super Rapid naval gun, two Oto Melara Hitrole 12.7 mm remote-controlled weapon stations, a Rafael 25 mm Typhoon stabilised naval gun system, and a 12-cell vertical launching system (VLS) in the forward section that is capable of launching MBDA’s VL-MICA anti-air missiles.


RSS Justice (foreground) and RSS Sovereignty, two of the four LMVs that will not be helicopter capable, despite having been built with a flight deck. Source: IHS Markit/Ridzwan Rahmat

7
South Korea selects mix of local, Israeli sensors for second Dokdo-class helicopter carrier | Janes - 16 May 2018
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The Republic of Korea Navy’s (RoKN’s) second Dokdo-class helicopter carrier, which will be known in service as ROKS Marado with pennant number 6112 once commissioned, has been built to carry a different suite of weapons and sensors from the first-of-class.

Images from the Marado ’s ceremonial launch on 14 May reveal that South Korea has selected the ELM-2248 (MF-STAR) multifunction surveillance radar from Israeli defence firm ELTA Systems in place of the SMART-L multibeam radar from Thales found on ROKS Dokdo (6111).

The country has also selected what appears to be the SPS-550K three-dimensional air and surface surveillance radar from local company LIG Nex1, in place of the Thales MW08 surveillance radar found on the first-of-class.

Also, notably absent is the Raytheon Mk 49 guided missile launching system capable of deploying the RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM), which is found atop Dokdo’s bridge. On Marado , this has been replaced with a single fixed-array face of the MF-STAR radar mast located amidships.


Marado, seen here during its ceremonial launch on 14 May 2018. Source: South Korean MND

8
China Topics / Re: Chinese Arms Exports
« on: May 19, 2018, 06:59:46 PM »
http://defenseph.net/drp/index.php?topic=1865.0

Sudan’s new FTC-2000 jets arrive | Janes - 16 May 2018
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Marketed by the Aviation Industries Corporation of China (AVIC), the FTC-2000 is the export variant of GAIC’s JL-9 two-seat supersonic turbojet-powered trainer.


One of Sudan's new FTC-2000 jets. Source: Sudan Ministry of Defence

9
Sudan’s new FTC-2000 jets arrive | Janes - 16 May 2018
Quote
The MoD said that a new squadron for the FTC-2000s had been officially inaugurated in a ceremony attended by the Major General Awad Khalafallah Marawi, the deputy chief of staff, and the Chinese military attaché.

It released photographs showing aircraft with numbers running from 1201 to 1206, indicating that all six FTC-2000s that Sudan ordered have been delivered.

< snipped >

Marketed by the Aviation Industries Corporation of China (AVIC), the FTC-2000 is the export variant of GAIC’s JL-9 two-seat supersonic turbojet-powered trainer.


One of Sudan's new FTC-2000 jets. Source: Sudan Ministry of Defence

10
Philippine Navy’s Jacinto class on track to conclude combat systems restoration in 2018 | Janes - 18 May 2018
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The restoration and sustainment works are done under Phase 3 of a service life extension programme (SLEP) that began in the mid-2000s. Under this stage, which has been further divided into Phase 3A and Phase 3B due to fiscal considerations, weapons and fire-control systems on each of the vessels are being repaired and refurbished with new components where required.

See also:
* BRP Emilio Jacinto (PS-35) - ex HMS Peacock
* BRP Apolinario Mabini (PS-36) - ex HMS Plover
* BRP Artemio Ricarte (PS-37) - ex HMS Starling

11
Indonesia’s second Nagapasa-class submarine arrives home | Janes - 18 May 2018
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The boat, which will be known as KRI Ardadedali with pennant number 404 once in service, is expected to be commissioned in the coming weeks. Ardadedali ’s sister ship, first-of-class KRI Nagapasa (403), was commissioned in August 2017, while a third vessel is under construction at Indonesian shipbuilder PT PAL’s facilities in Surabaya.

12
Syria developed a T-72 based MLRS called the Golan-1000 | Army Recognition - 17 May 2018
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This month, footage emerged of a Syrian system dubbed 'Golan-1000'. Based on a T-72 tank chassis with desert camouflage, the Golan-1000 is a self-propelled rocket system that, according to Sputnik International, carries 500mm rounds. The vehicle carries three launchers for the rockets, which are fired from a remote control.


The Golan-1000 visually resembles the TOS-1, a multiple rocket launcher based on the T-72 that Russia has supplied to some pro-government forces in Syria. (source: Twitter )

13
Discussions about all nations and places / Re: MOWAG Piranha APC
« on: May 19, 2018, 06:38:14 PM »
Mowag Piranha 5 displayed at BSDA 2018 | Army Recognition - 18 May 2018


At BSDA 2018, Mowag insisted on displaying the cooperation with Romanian partners in the production of the 227 Piranha 5 vehicles purchased by the Romanian army. Hence some parts appearing in a different kaki colour and/or bolted outside the vehicle, as well as on a large board behind the vehicle  (Picture source: Army Recognition)

14
Discussions about all nations and places / MOWAG Piranha APC
« on: May 19, 2018, 06:36:46 PM »
From: military-today.com

Quote
The MOWAG Piranha is perhaps the most diverse of all vehicles in the wheeled APC/IFV category for not only is it produced in 4x4, 6x6, 8x8 and 10x10 forms but it is also license-produced in at least three countries and has been manufactured to suit a whole host of armored vehicles roles and requirements.

   Close derivatives such as the Light Armored Vehicle (LAV) and Canadian Bison are based directly on the MOWAG Piranha which was originally developed as a private venture in Switzerland during the early 1970s. Since then the type has sold widely to about 11 countries with sales from some of the license-producers (Canada (General Motors), Chile (FAMAE) and the United Kingdom (GKN Defence)) adding to that total. Well over 2 700 Piranhas of all types have been manufactured in Switzerland alone.

   The Swiss Army purchased 6x6 and 8x8 examples as have many others, although the 4x4 models have had only relatively limited sales success.

   All configurations follow a common outline and there are many components shared by all models. The well-shaped steel hull has the engine well forward next to the driver while the main troop compartment is to the rear. The Piranha was designed as a state-of-the-art wheeled armored vehicle, capable of operating in terrain conditions, that would stop many existing wheeled armored vehicles.


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The MOWAG Piranha comes with a wide choice of turrets and weapon stations. Photos taken from military-today.com


15
From Army Recognition - 16 May 2018


Artis Iron Curtain APS Active Protection System mounted on a Stryker 8x8 armored vehicle (Picture source Artis Company)

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Iron Curtain is an active protection system (APS) designed by the American Company Artis. The Iron Curtain is designed to protect military vehicles and other assets by intercepting threats such as rocket-propelled grenades and other shoulder-launched missiles and rendering them inert.

The Iron Curtain anti-RPG active protection system for light tactical vehicles was tested by the DARPA (U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) mounted on light tactical vehicle Humvee (HMMWV). DARPA in November 2009 awarded Mustang Technologies a contract to integrate Iron Curtain with its Crosshairs counter-shooter system for tests on an MRAP. Cued by the corner-mounted Crosshairs' radar, an optical sensor classifies the incoming threat and selects the aimpoint. When the RPG is just inches from the vehicle, the roof-mounted countermeasure fires straight down, deflagrating the warhead before it can detonate.

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